Psalm 39:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When you rebuke and discipline anyone for their sin, you consume their wealth like a moth-- surely everyone is but a breath.

New Living Translation
When you discipline us for our sins, you consume like a moth what is precious to us. Each of us is but a breath. Interlude

English Standard Version
When you discipline a man with rebukes for sin, you consume like a moth what is dear to him; surely all mankind is a mere breath! Selah

New American Standard Bible
"With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity; You consume as a moth what is precious to him; Surely every man is a mere breath. Selah.

King James Bible
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You discipline a man with punishment for sin, consuming like a moth what is precious to him; every man is only a vapor. Selah "

International Standard Version
You rebuke by chastening a man with the consequence of iniquities; you destroy what is attractive to him, as one would treat a moth. Indeed, every person is a puff of wind. Interlude

NET Bible
You severely discipline people for their sins; like a moth you slowly devour their strength. Surely all people are a mere vapor. (Selah)

New Heart English Bible
When you rebuke and correct man for iniquity, You consume his wealth like a moth. Surely every man is but a breath." Selah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I am wasted by rebuke for the sake of my sins. You have chastened man, and you have put away his desires like stubble and all the children of men are like a vapor.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
With stern warnings you discipline people for their crimes. Like a moth you eat away at what is dear to them. Certainly, everyone is like a whisper in the wind. [Selah]

JPS Tanakh 1917
With rebukes dost Thou chasten man for iniquity, And like a moth Thou makest his beauty to consume away; Surely every man is vanity. Selah

New American Standard 1977
“With reproofs Thou dost chasten a man for iniquity;
            Thou dost consume as a moth what is precious to him;
            Surely every man is a mere breath. Selah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When thou with chastening dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his greatness to consume away like a moth; surely every man is vanity. Selah.

King James 2000 Bible
When you with rebukes do correct man for iniquity, you make his beauty melt away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

American King James Version
When you with rebukes do correct man for iniquity, you make his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

American Standard Version
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, Thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: Surely every man is vanity. Selah

Douay-Rheims Bible
thou hast corrected man for iniquity. And thou hast made his soul to waste away like a spider : surely in vain is any man disquieted.

Darby Bible Translation
When thou with rebukes dost correct a man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely, every man is vanity. Selah.

English Revised Version
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

World English Bible
When you rebuke and correct man for iniquity, You consume his wealth like a moth. Surely every man is but a breath." Selah.

Young's Literal Translation
With reproofs against iniquity, Thou hast corrected man, And dost waste as a moth his desirableness, Only, vanity is every man. Selah.
Study Bible
I will Watch My Ways
10"Remove Your plague from me; Because of the opposition of Your hand I am perishing. 11"With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity; You consume as a moth what is precious to him; Surely every man is a mere breath. Selah. 12"Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry; Do not be silent at my tears; For I am a stranger with You, A sojourner like all my fathers.…
Cross References
2 Peter 2:16
But he was rebuked for his transgression by a donkey, otherwise without speech, that spoke with a man's voice and restrained the prophet's madness.

Job 11:12
"An idiot will become intelligent When the foal of a wild donkey is born a man.

Job 13:28
While I am decaying like a rotten thing, Like a garment that is moth-eaten.

Psalm 31:10
For my life is spent with sorrow And my years with sighing; My strength has failed because of my iniquity, And my body has wasted away.

Psalm 39:5
"Behold, You have made my days as handbreadths, And my lifetime as nothing in Your sight; Surely every man at his best is a mere breath. Selah.

Psalm 80:16
It is burned with fire, it is cut down; They perish at the rebuke of Your countenance.

Psalm 90:7
For we have been consumed by Your anger And by Your wrath we have been dismayed.

Psalm 144:4
Man is like a mere breath; His days are like a passing shadow.

Isaiah 50:9
Behold, the Lord GOD helps Me; Who is he who condemns Me? Behold, they will all wear out like a garment; The moth will eat them.

Ezekiel 5:15
'So it will be a reproach, a reviling, a warning and an object of horror to the nations who surround you when I execute judgments against you in anger, wrath and raging rebukes. I, the LORD, have spoken.
Treasury of Scripture

When you with rebukes do correct man for iniquity, you make his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

When

Psalm 38:1-8 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot …

Psalm 90:7-10 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled…

1 Corinthians 5:5 To deliver such an one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, …

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep…

Hebrews 12:6 For whom the Lord loves he chastens, and whips every son whom he receives.

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

his beauty [heb.] that which is to be desired in him to melt away

Psalm 102:10,11 Because of your indignation and your wrath: for you have lifted me …

Job 4:19 How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation …

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumes, as a garment that is moth eaten.

Job 30:30 My skin is black on me, and my bones are burned with heat.

Isaiah 50:9 Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? …

Hosea 5:12 Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah …

surely

Psalm 39:5 Behold, you have made my days as an handbreadth; and my age is as …

(11) When.--This is unnecessary. With judgments for sin Thou chastenest a man.

Rebukes.--The word rendered "reproofs" in Psalm 38:14, where see Note.

Beauty.--Literally, Something desirable. (See margin.) Thou, like a moth (consuming a garment: see Pr. Bk. Version), causest his desirable things to melt. (For the image, singularly apt. and natural in a country where "changes of raiment" were so prized, and hoarded up as wealth, comp. Job 13:28; Matthew 6:19; James 5:2.)

Verse 11. - When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity. The calamities which God sends on a man are of the nature of "rebukes" addressed to his spirit. They are intended to teach, instruct, warn, deter from evil-doing (see Job 36:8-10). Thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth; or, "thou dost consume, as by a moth, what he prizes;" i.e. his health, his strength, "all wherein he has joy and satisfaction" (Hengstenberg). As a moth corrodes a beautiful garment, so does thy displeasure and heavy hand pressing on him corrode and destroy all which constituted his delight and glory. Surely every man is vanity (comp. ver. 5 ad fin.). This has become a sort of refrain, terminating the second as well as the first part of the psalm (comp. Psalm 107:8, 15, 21, 31; Ecclesiastes 2:1, 11, 15, 19, 21, 23, 26; Isaiah 9:12, 17, 21). When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity,.... The psalmist illustrates his own case, before suggested, by the common case and condition of men, when God corrects them; which he has a right to do, as the Father of spirits, and which he does with rebukes; sometimes with rebukes of wrath, with furious rebukes, rebukes in flames of fire, as the men of the world; and sometimes with rebukes of love, the chastenings of a father, as his own dear children; and always for iniquity, whether one or another; and not the iniquity of Adam is here meant, but personal iniquity: and correction for it is to be understood of some bodily affliction, as the effect of it shows;

thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth; that is, secretly, suddenly, and at once; as a moth eats a garment, and takes off the beauty of it; or as easily as a moth is crushed between a man's fingers; so the Targum;

"he melts away as a moth, whose body is broken:''

the Vulgate Latin, Septuagint, Ethiopic, and Arabic versions, and so the metaphrase of Apollinarius, read, as a spider which destroys itself. The word rendered "beauty" takes in all that is desirable in man; as his flesh, his strength, his comeliness, his pleasantness of countenance, &c. all which are quickly destroyed by a distemper of the body seizing on it; wherefore the psalmist makes and confirms the conclusion he had made before:

surely every man is vanity; See Gill on Psalm 39:5;

Selah; on this word; see Gill on Psalm 3:2. 11. From his own case, he argues to that of all, that the destruction of man's enjoyments is ascribable to sin.39:7-13 There is no solid satisfaction to be had in the creature; but it is to be found in the Lord, and in communion with him; to him we should be driven by our disappointments. If the world be nothing but vanity, may God deliver us from having or seeking our portion in it. When creature-confidences fail, it is our comfort that we have a God to go to, a God to trust in. We may see a good God doing all, and ordering all events concerning us; and a good man, for that reason, says nothing against it. He desires the pardoning of his sin, and the preventing of his shame. We must both watch and pray against sin. When under the correcting hand of the Lord, we must look to God himself for relief, not to any other. Our ways and our doings bring us into trouble, and we are beaten with a rod of our own making. What a poor thing is beauty! and what fools are those that are proud of it, when it will certainly, and may quickly, be consumed! The body of man is as a garment to the soul. In this garment sin has lodged a moth, which wears away, first the beauty, then the strength, and finally the substance of its parts. Whoever has watched the progress of a lingering distemper, or the work of time alone, in the human frame, will feel at once the force of this comparison, and that, surely every man is vanity. Afflictions are sent to stir up prayer. If they have that effect, we may hope that God will hear our prayer. The believer expects weariness and ill treatment on his way to heaven; but he shall not stay here long : walking with God by faith, he goes forward on his journey, not diverted from his course, nor cast down by the difficulties he meets. How blessed it is to sit loose from things here below, that while going home to our Father's house, we may use the world as not abusing it! May we always look for that city, whose Builder and Maker is God.
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