Job 3:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
May gloom and utter darkness claim it once more; may a cloud settle over it; may blackness overwhelm it.

New Living Translation
Let the darkness and utter gloom claim that day for its own. Let a black cloud overshadow it, and let the darkness terrify it.

English Standard Version
Let gloom and deep darkness claim it. Let clouds dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

New American Standard Bible
"Let darkness and black gloom claim it; Let a cloud settle on it; Let the blackness of the day terrify it.

King James Bible
Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
May darkness and gloom reclaim it, and a cloud settle over it. May an eclipse of the sun terrify it.

International Standard Version
Let darkness and deep gloom reclaim it; let clouds settle down on it; let blackness in mid-day terrify it.

NET Bible
Let darkness and the deepest shadow claim it; let a cloud settle on it; let whatever blackens the day terrify it!

New Heart English Bible
Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own. Let a cloud dwell on it. Let all that makes black the day terrify it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Let the darkness and long shadows claim it as their own. Let a dark cloud hang over it. Let the gloom terrify it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own; Let a cloud dwell upon it; Let all that maketh black the day terrify it.

New American Standard 1977
“Let darkness and black gloom claim it;
            Let a cloud settle on it;
            Let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Let darkness and the shadow of death redeem it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

King James 2000 Bible
Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

American King James Version
Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

American Standard Version
Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own; Let a cloud dwell upon it; Let all that maketh black the day terrify it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let darkness, and the shadow of death cover it, let a mist overspread it, and let it be wrapped up in bitterness.

Darby Bible Translation
Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it; let clouds dwell upon it; let darkeners of the day terrify it.

English Revised Version
Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own; let a cloud dwell upon it; let all that maketh black the day terrify it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let darkness and the shades of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

World English Bible
Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own. Let a cloud dwell on it. Let all that makes black the day terrify it.

Young's Literal Translation
Let darkness and death-shade redeem it, Let a cloud tabernacle upon it, Let them terrify it as the most bitter of days.
Study Bible
Job Laments his Birth
4"May that day be darkness; Let not God above care for it, Nor light shine on it. 5"Let darkness and black gloom claim it; Let a cloud settle on it; Let the blackness of the day terrify it. 6"As for that night, let darkness seize it; Let it not rejoice among the days of the year; Let it not come into the number of the months.…
Cross References
Job 3:4
"May that day be darkness; Let not God above care for it, Nor light shine on it.

Job 3:6
"As for that night, let darkness seize it; Let it not rejoice among the days of the year; Let it not come into the number of the months.

Psalm 44:19
Yet You have crushed us in a place of jackals And covered us with the shadow of death.

Jeremiah 13:16
Give glory to the LORD your God, Before He brings darkness And before your feet stumble On the dusky mountains, And while you are hoping for light He makes it into deep darkness, And turns it into gloom.
Treasury of Scripture

Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

the shadow.

Job 10:21,22 Before I go from where I shall not return, even to the land of darkness …

Job 16:16 My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;

Job 24:17 For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know …

Job 28:3 He sets an end to darkness, and searches out all perfection: the …

Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been opened to you? or have you seen the …

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will …

Psalm 44:19 Though you have sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered …

Psalm 107:10,14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in …

Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they …

Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the …

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before …

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow …

Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which …

Luke 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, …

stain it. or, challenge it. let a cloud.

Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain …

Ezekiel 30:3 For the day is near, even the day of the LORD is near, a cloudy day; …

Ezekiel 34:12 As a shepherd seeks out his flock in the day that he is among his …

Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick …

Hebrews 12:18 For you are not come to the mount that might be touched, and that …

let the blackness. or, let them terrify it, as those who have a bitter day.

Jeremiah 4:28 For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black; because …

Amos 8:10 And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into …

(5) Stain.--Literally, redeem--i.e., claim as their rightful inheritance. The other meaning enters into this word, as in Isaiah 63:3; Malachi 1:7.

Blackness of the day--i.e., preternatural darkness, inopportune and unexpected darkness, like that of eclipses, &c.

Verse 5. - Let darkness and the shadow of death. "The shadow of death" (צלמות) is a favourite expression in the Book of Job, where it occurs no fewer than nine times. Elsewhere it is rare, except in the Psalms, where it occurs four times. It is thought to be an archaic word. Stain it; rather, claim it, or claim it for their own (Revised Version). Let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it. The hot, stifling "blackness" of the khamsin wind is probably meant, which suddenly turns the day into night, spreading all around a thick lurid darkness. When such a wind arises, we are told, "The sky instantly becomes black and heavy; the sun loses its splendour, and appears of a dim violet hue; a light, warm breeze is felt, which gradually increases in heat till it almost equals that of an oven. Though no vapour darkens the air, it becomes so grey and thick with the floating clouds of impalpable sand, that it is sometimes necessary to use candles at noonday" (Russell, 'Ancient and Modern Egypt,' p. 55). Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it,.... Let there be such darkness on it as on persons when dying, or in the state of the dead; hence the sorest afflictions, and the state of man in unregeneracy, are compared unto it, Psalm 23:4; let there be nothing but foul weather, dirt, and darkness in it, which may make it very uncomfortable and undesirable; some render the word, "let darkness and the shadow of death redeem it" (z), challenge and claim it as their own, and let light have no share or property in it:

let a cloud dwell upon it; as on Mount Sinai when the law was given; a thick dark cloud, even an assemblage of clouds, so thick and close together, that they seem but one cloud which cover the whole heavens, and obscure them, and hinder the light of the sun from shining on the earth; and this is wished to abide not for an hour or two, but to continue all the day:

let the blackness of the day terrify it; let it be frightful to itself; or rather, let the blackness be such, or the darkness of it such gross darkness, like that as was felt by the Egyptians; that the inhabitants of the earth may be terrified with it, as Moses and the Israelites were at Mount Sinai, at the blackness, tempest, thunders, and lightnings, there seen and heard: as some understand this of black vapours exhaled by the sun, with which the heavens might be filled, so others of sultry weather and scorching heat, which is intolerable: others render the words, "let them terrify it as the bitternesses of the day" (a); either with bitter cursings on it, or through bitter calamities in it; or, "as those who have a bitter (b) day", as in the margin of our Bibles, and in others.

(z) "vindicassent", Junius & Tremellius; "vendicent", Cocceius; "vindicent", Schultens. (a) "tanquam amaritudines dici", Schmidt, Michaelis; "velut amarulenta diei", Schultens; so the Targum. (b) "Velut amari diei", Mercerus; "tanquam amari diei", Montanus. 5. Let … the shadow of death—("deepest darkness," Isa 9:2).

stain it—This is a later sense of the verb [Gesenius]; better the old and more poetic idea, "Let darkness (the ancient night of chaotic gloom) resume its rights over light (Ge 1:2), and claim that day as its own."

a cloud—collectively, a gathered mass of dark clouds.

the blackness of the day terrify it—literally, "the obscurations"; whatever darkens the day [Gesenius]. The verb in Hebrew expresses sudden terrifying. May it be suddenly affrighted at its own darkness. Umbreit explains it as "magical incantations that darken the day," forming the climax to the previous clauses; Job 3:8 speaks of "cursers of the day" similarly. But the former view is simpler. Others refer it to the poisonous simoom wind.3:1-10 For seven days Job's friends sat by him in silence, without offering consolidation: at the same time Satan assaulted his mind to shake his confidence, and to fill him with hard thoughts of God. The permission seems to have extended to this, as well as to torturing the body. Job was an especial type of Christ, whose inward sufferings, both in the garden and on the cross, were the most dreadful; and arose in a great degree from the assaults of Satan in that hour of darkness. These inward trials show the reason of the change that took place in Job's conduct, from entire submission to the will of God, to the impatience which appears here, and in other parts of the book. The believer, who knows that a few drops of this bitter cup are more dreadful than the sharpest outward afflictions, while he is favoured with a sweet sense of the love and presence of God, will not be surprised to find that Job proved a man of like passions with others; but will rejoice that Satan was disappointed, and could not prove him a hypocrite; for though he cursed the day of his birth, he did not curse his God. Job doubtless was afterwards ashamed of these wishes, and we may suppose what must be his judgment of them now he is in everlasting happiness.
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