Job 3:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

New Living Translation
At last Job spoke, and he cursed the day of his birth.

English Standard Version
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

New American Standard Bible
Afterward Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

King James Bible
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After this, Job began to speak and cursed the day he was born.

International Standard Version
After this, Job spoke up solemnly, cursing the day he was born.

NET Bible
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day he was born.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After all this, Job [finally] opened his mouth and cursed the day he was born.

Jubilee Bible 2000
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed his day.

King James 2000 Bible
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

American King James Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

American Standard Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,

Darby Bible Translation
After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed his day.

English Revised Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Webster's Bible Translation
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day.

World English Bible
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed the day of his birth.

Young's Literal Translation
After this hath Job opened his mouth, and revileth his day.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:1-10 For seven days Job's friends sat by him in silence, without offering consolidation: at the same time Satan assaulted his mind to shake his confidence, and to fill him with hard thoughts of God. The permission seems to have extended to this, as well as to torturing the body. Job was an especial type of Christ, whose inward sufferings, both in the garden and on the cross, were the most dreadful; and arose in a great degree from the assaults of Satan in that hour of darkness. These inward trials show the reason of the change that took place in Job's conduct, from entire submission to the will of God, to the impatience which appears here, and in other parts of the book. The believer, who knows that a few drops of this bitter cup are more dreadful than the sharpest outward afflictions, while he is favoured with a sweet sense of the love and presence of God, will not be surprised to find that Job proved a man of like passions with others; but will rejoice that Satan was disappointed, and could not prove him a hypocrite; for though he cursed the day of his birth, he did not curse his God. Job doubtless was afterwards ashamed of these wishes, and we may suppose what must be his judgment of them now he is in everlasting happiness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - After this opened Job his mouth. The first to take the word is Job, as, indeed, etiquette made necessary, when the visit paid was one of condolence. It can only be conjectured what the feelings were which had kept him silent so long. We may, perhaps, suggest that in the countenances and manner of his friends he saw something which displeased him, something indicative of their belief that he had brought his afflictions upon himself by secret sins of a heinous character. Pharisaism finds it very difficult to conceal itself; signs of it are almost sure to escape; often it manifests itself, without a word spoken, most offensively. The phrase, "opened his mouth," is not to be dismissed merely as a Hebraism. It is one used only on solemn occasions, and implies the utterance of deep thoughts, well considered beforehand (Psalm 78:21; Matthew 5:2), or of feelings long repressed, and now at length allowed expression. And cursed his day; "cursed," i.e., the "day of his birth." Some critics think that "cursed" is too strong a word, and suggest "reviled;" but it cannot be denied that "to curse" is a frequent meaning of קָלַל and it is difficult to see in Job's words (vers. 3-10) anything but a "curse" of a very intense character. To curse one's natal day is not, perhaps, a very wise act, since it can have no effect on the day or on anything else; but so great a prophet as Jeremiah imitated Job in this respect (Jeremiah 20:14-18), so that before Christianity it would seem that men were allowed thus to relieve their feelings. All that such cursing means is that one wishes one had never been born.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

After this opened Job his mouth,.... order to speak, and began to speak of his troubles and afflictions, and the sense he had of them; for though, this phrase may sometimes signify to speak aloud, clearly and distinctly, and with great freedom and boldness, yet here it seems to design no more than beginning to speak, or breaking silence after it had been long kept: be spake after his first trial and blessed the name of the Lord, and upon his second, and reproved his wife for her foolish speaking; but upon the visit of his three friends, and during the space of seven days, a profound silence was kept by him and them; and when he perceived that they chose not to speak to him, and perhaps his distemper also decreased, and his pain somewhat abated, he broke out into the following expressions:

and cursed his day: he did not curse his God, as Satan said he would, and his wife advised him to: nor did he curse his fellow creatures, or his friends, as wicked men in passion are apt to do, nor did he curse himself, as profane persons often do, when any evil befalls them; but he cursed his day; not the day on which his troubles came upon him, for there were more than one, and they were still continued, but the day of his birth, as appears from Job 3:3; and so the Syriac and Arabic versions add here, "in which he was born"; and what is meant by cursing it may be learnt from his own words in the following verses, the substance of which is, that he wished either it had never been, or he had never been born; but since that was impossible, that it might be forgotten, and never observed or had in esteem, but be buried oblivion and obscurity, and be branded with a black mark, as an unhappy day, for ever: the word (s) signifies, he made light of it, and spoke slightly and contemptibly of it; he disesteemed it, yea, detested it, and could not bear to think of it, and desired that it might be disrespected by God and men; so that there is no need of such questions, whether it is in the power of man to curse? and whether it is lawful to curse the creature? and whether a day is capable of a curse? The frame of mind in which Job was when he uttered these words is differently represented; some of the Jewish writers will have it that he denied the providence of God, and thought that all things depended upon the stars, or planets which rule on the day a man is born, and therefore cursed his stars; whereas nothing is more evident than that Job ascribes all that befell him to the purpose and providence of God, Job 23:14; some say he was in the utmost despair, and had no hope of eternal life and salvation, but the contrary to this is clear from Job 13:15; and many think he had lost all patience, for which he was so famous; but if he had, he would not have been so highly spoken of as he is in James 5:11; it is true indeed there may be a mixture of weakness with respect to the exercise of that grace at this time, and which may appear in some after expressions of his; yet were it not for these and the like, as we could not have such an idea of his sorrows and afflictions, and of that quick sense and perception he had of them, so neither of his exceeding great patience in enduring them as he did; and, besides, what impatience he was guilty of was not only graciously forgiven, but he through the grace of God was enabled to conquer; and patience had its perfect work in him, and he persevered therein to the end; though after all he is not to be excused of weakness and infirmity, since he is blamed not only by Elihu, but by the Lord himself; yea, Job himself owned his sin and folly, and repented of it, Job 40:4.

(s) "Opponitur verbum" "verbo" "significat se pronunciasse diem inglorium", Codurcus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 3

THE POEM OR DEBATE ITSELF (Job 3:2-42:6). FIRST SERIES IN IT (Job 3:1-14:22). JOB FIRST (Job 3:1-26).

Job 3:1-19. Job Curses the Day of His Birth and Wishes for Death.

1. opened his mouth—The Orientals speak seldom, and then sententiously; hence this formula expressing deliberation and gravity (Ps 78:2). He formally began.

cursed his day—the strict Hebrew word for "cursing:" not the same as in Job 1:5. Job cursed his birthday, but not his God.

Job 3:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job Laments his Birth
1Afterward Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. 2And Job said,…
Cross References
Job 2:13
Then they sat on the ground with him for seven days and seven nights. No one said a word to him, because they saw how great his suffering was.

Job 3:2
He said:

Jeremiah 15:10
Alas, my mother, that you gave me birth, a man with whom the whole land strives and contends! I have neither lent nor borrowed, yet everyone curses me.
Treasury of Scripture

After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

After.

Job 1:22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.

Job 2:10 But he said to her, You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. …

opened.

Job 35:16 Therefore does Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplies words without …

Psalm 39:2,3 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my …

Psalm 106:33 Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spoke unadvisedly with his lips.

cursed.

Job 3:3 Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it …

Job 1:11 But put forth your hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will …

Job 2:5,9 But put forth your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and …

Jeremiah 20:14,15 Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my …

his day. That is, the day of his birth.

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