Job 3:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Why did I not perish at birth, and die as I came from the womb?

New Living Translation
"Why wasn't I born dead? Why didn't I die as I came from the womb?

English Standard Version
“Why did I not die at birth, come out from the womb and expire?

New American Standard Bible
"Why did I not die at birth, Come forth from the womb and expire?

King James Bible
Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly?

Christian Standard Bible
Why was I not stillborn; why didn't I die as I came from the womb?

Contemporary English Version
Why didn't I die at birth?

Good News Translation
I wish I had died in my mother's womb or died the moment I was born.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why was I not stillborn; why didn't I die as I came from the womb?

International Standard Version
Why didn't I die while I was still in the womb, or die while I was being born?

NET Bible
"Why did I not die at birth, and why did I not expire as I came out of the womb?

New Heart English Bible
"Why did I not die from the womb? Why did I not give up the spirit when my mother bore me?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Why didn't I die as soon as I was born and breathe my last breath when I came out of the womb?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Why died I not from the womb? Why did I not perish at birth?

New American Standard 1977
“Why did I not die at birth, Come forth from the womb and expire?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Why did I not die from the womb? Why did I not give up the spirit when I came out of the belly?

King James 2000 Bible
Why died I not from the womb? why did I not expire when I came out of the womb?

American King James Version
Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly?

American Standard Version
Why died I not from the womb? Why did I not give up the ghost when my mother bare me?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why did I not die in the womb, why did I not perish when I came out of the belly?

Darby Bible Translation
Wherefore did I not die from the womb, -- come forth from the belly and expire?

English Revised Version
Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why died I not from the womb? why did I not expire at the time of my birth?

World English Bible
"Why didn't I die from the womb? Why didn't I give up the spirit when my mother bore me?

Young's Literal Translation
Why from the womb do I not die? From the belly I have come forth and gasp!
Study Bible
Job Laments his Birth
10Because it did not shut the opening of my mother's womb, Or hide trouble from my eyes. 11"Why did I not die at birth, Come forth from the womb and expire? 12"Why did the knees receive me, And why the breasts, that I should suck?…
Cross References
Job 3:10
Because it did not shut the opening of my mother's womb, Or hide trouble from my eyes.

Job 3:12
"Why did the knees receive me, And why the breasts, that I should suck?

Job 10:18
'Why then have You brought me out of the womb? Would that I had died and no eye had seen me!

Job 10:19
'I should have been as though I had not been, Carried from womb to tomb.'

Ecclesiastes 4:2
So I congratulated the dead who are already dead more than the living who are still living.

Ecclesiastes 4:3
But better off than both of them is the one who has never existed, who has never seen the evil activity that is done under the sun.

Jeremiah 20:17
Because he did not kill me before birth, So that my mother would have been my grave, And her womb ever pregnant.
Treasury of Scripture

Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly?

died I.

Psalm 58:8 As a snail which melts, let every one of them pass away: like the …

Jeremiah 15:10 Woe is me, my mother, that you have borne me a man of strife and …

Hosea 9:14 Give them, O LORD: what will you give? give them a miscarrying womb …

when I came.

Psalm 22:9,10 But you are he that took me out of the womb: you did make me hope …

Psalm 71:6 By you have I been held up from the womb: you are he that took me …

Psalm 139:13-16 For you have possessed my reins: you have covered me in my mother's womb…

Isaiah 46:3 Listen to me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house …

Verse 11. - Why died I not from the womb? "From the womb" must mean, "as soon as I came out of the womb," not "while I yet remained within it" (comp. Jeremiah 20:17, "Because he slew me not from the womb"). Many of the ancients thought that it was best not to be born; and next best, if one were born, to quit the earth as soon as possible. Herodotus says that with the Trauri, a tribe of Thracians, it was the custom, whenever a child was born, for all its kindred to sit round it in a circle, and weep for the woes that it would have to endure now that it was come into the world; while, on the other hand, whenever a person died, they buried him with laughter and rejoicings, since they said that he was now free from a host of sufferings, and enjoyed the completest happiness (Herod., 5:4). Sophocles expresses the feeling with great terseness and force: Μὴ φῦναι τὸν ἅπαντα νικᾷ λόγον τὸ δ ἐπεὶ φαςῆ βῆναι κεῖθεν ὅθεν περ ἥκει πολὺ δεύτερον ὡστάχιστα (Ed. Col., 1225-1228): "Not to be born is best of all; once born, next best it is by far to go back there from whence one came as speedily as possible." Modern pessimism sums up all in the phrase that "life is not worth living." Why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly? As so often, the second clause of the distich repeats the idea of the first, merely varying the phraseology. Why died I not from the womb?.... That is, as soon as he came out of it; or rather, as soon as he was in it, or from the time that he was in it; or however, while he was in it, that so he might not have come alive out of it; which sense seems best to agree both with what goes before and follows after; for since his conception in the womb was not hindered, he wishes he had died in it; and so some versions render it to this sense (n):

why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly? since he died not in the womb, which was desirable to him, he wishes that the moment he came out of it he had expired, and is displeased because it was not so, see Jeremiah 20:17; thus what is the special favour of Providence, to be taken out of the womb alive, and preserved, he wishes not to have enjoyed, see Psalm 22:9.

(n) , Sept. "in vulva", V. L. "aut, in utero", Beza, Mercerus, Cocceius, Junius, Michaelis; so R. Abraham Peritzol, and Simeon Bar Tzemach. 3:11-19 Job complained of those present at his birth, for their tender attention to him. No creature comes into the world so helpless as man. God's power and providence upheld our frail lives, and his pity and patience spared our forfeited lives. Natural affection is put into parents' hearts by God. To desire to die that we may be with Christ, that we may be free from sin, is the effect and evidence of grace; but to desire to die, only that we may be delivered from the troubles of this life, savours of corruption. It is our wisdom and duty to make the best of that which is, be it living or dying; and so to live to the Lord, and die to the Lord, as in both to be his, Ro 14:8. Observe how Job describes the repose of the grave; There the wicked cease from troubling. When persecutors die, they can no longer persecute. There the weary are at rest: in the grave they rest from all their labours. And a rest from sin, temptation, conflict, sorrows, and labours, remains in the presence and enjoyment of God. There believers rest in Jesus, nay, as far as we trust in the Lord Jesus and obey him, we here find rest to our souls, though in the world we have tribulation.
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