Job 11:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But the eyes of the wicked will fail, and escape will elude them; their hope will become a dying gasp."

New Living Translation
But the wicked will be blinded. They will have no escape. Their only hope is death."

English Standard Version
But the eyes of the wicked will fail; all way of escape will be lost to them, and their hope is to breathe their last.”

New American Standard Bible
"But the eyes of the wicked will fail, And there will be no escape for them; And their hope is to breathe their last."

King James Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the sight of the wicked will fail. Their way of escape will be cut off, and their only hope is their last breath.

International Standard Version
But what the wicked look for will fail; their way of escape will be taken away from them; their only hope is to take their final breath."

NET Bible
But the eyes of the wicked fail, and escape eludes them; their one hope is to breathe their last."

New Heart English Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail. They shall have no way to flee. Their hope shall be the giving up of the spirit."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the wicked will lose their eyesight. Their escape route will be closed. Their only hope is to take their last breath."

JPS Tanakh 1917
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, And they shall have no way to flee, And their hope shall be the drooping of the soul.

New American Standard 1977
“But the eyes of the wicked will fail,
            And there will be no escape for them;
            And their hope is to breathe their last.”



Jubilee Bible 2000
But the eyes of the wicked shall consume themselves, and they shall have no refuge, and their hope shall be agony of the soul.

King James 2000 Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as one dying.

American King James Version
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

American Standard Version
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, And they shall have no way to flee; And their hope shall be the giving up of the ghost.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall decay, and the way to escape shall fail them, and their hope the abomination of the soul.

Darby Bible Translation
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and [all] refuge shall vanish from them, and their hope [shall be] the breathing out of life.

English Revised Version
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall have no way to flee, and their hope shall be the giving up of the ghost.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the expiration of the breath.

World English Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail. They shall have no way to flee. Their hope shall be the giving up of the spirit."

Young's Literal Translation
And the eyes of the wicked are consumed, And refuge hath perished from them, And their hope is a breathing out of soul!

Study Bible
Zophar Rebukes Job
19"You would lie down and none would disturb you, And many would entreat your favor. 20"But the eyes of the wicked will fail, And there will be no escape for them; And their hope is to breathe their last."
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:65
"Among those nations you shall find no rest, and there will be no resting place for the sole of your foot; but there the LORD will give you a trembling heart, failing of eyes, and despair of soul.

Job 6:9
"Would that God were willing to crush me, That He would loose His hand and cut me off!

Job 8:13
"So are the paths of all who forget God; And the hope of the godless will perish,

Job 12:1
Then Job responded,

Job 17:5
"He who informs against friends for a share of the spoil, The eyes of his children also will languish.

Job 27:8
"For what is the hope of the godless when he is cut off, When God requires his life?

Job 27:22
"For it will hurl at him without sparing; He will surely try to flee from its power.

Job 34:22
"There is no darkness or deep shadow Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Psalm 142:4
Look to the right and see; For there is no one who regards me; There is no escape for me; No one cares for my soul.

Proverbs 10:28
The hope of the righteous is gladness, But the expectation of the wicked perishes.
Treasury of Scripture

But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

the eyes

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this to you; I will even appoint over you terror, …

Deuteronomy 28:65 And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the …

Psalm 69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: my eyes fail while I …

Lamentations 4:17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching …

they shall not escape. Heb. flight shall perish from them

Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong …

Amos 5:19,20 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into …

Amos 9:1-3 I saw the LORD standing on the altar: and he said, Smite the lintel …

Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the …

their hope

Job 8:13,14 So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope …

Job 18:14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall …

Job 27:8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when …

Proverbs 10:24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come on him: but the desire of the …

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out …

Luke 16:23-26 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham …

the giving up of the ghost. or, a puff of breath

(20) As the giving up of the ghost.--Omit the as of comparison; or do so, and take the margin. Thus ends the first part of this mighty argument, the first fytte of this grand poem.

Verse 20. - Had Zophar ended with ver. 19 Job might possibly have taken some comfort from his speech, holding out, as it did, a hope of restoration to God's favour and a return to happiness. But, as if to accentuate the unfavourable view which he takes of Job's conduct and character, he will not end with words of good omen, but appends a passage which has a ring of malice, menace, and condemnation. But the eyes of the wicked shall fail; or, waste away grew weary, i.e. of looking for a help that does not come, and a deliverer who does not make his appearance. And they shall not escape; literally, their refuge is perished from them. And their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost; rather, shall be the giving up of the ghost. They shall have no other hope but death - a manifest allusion to Job's repeated declarations that he looks for death, longs for it, and has no expectation of any other deliverance (see Job 3:21, 22; Job 6:7, 8; Job 7:15; Job 10:1, 18. etc.). Such, says Zophar, is always the final condition of the wicked.



But the eyes of the wicked shall fail,.... Either through grief and envy at Job's prosperity, and with looking for his fall into troubles again; or rather through expectation of good things for themselves, and for deliverance out of trouble, but all in vain; see Lamentations 4:17;

and they shall not escape; afflictions and calamities in this life, nor the righteous judgment, nor wrath to come: or, "refuge shall perish from them" (a); there will be none to betake themselves unto for safety; in vain will they seek it from men; refuge will fail them, and no man care for them; and in vain will they fly to rocks and mountains to fall upon them:

and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost; it is with them as when a man is just expiring, and it is all over with him, and there is no hope of his reviving; so the hope of wicked men is a dying hope, a lost hope; it is not hope, but despair; their hope is gone, and they are lost and undone; and if they retain their hope in life, when they come to die they have none; though the righteous has hope in his death, their hope dies with them, if not before them: or, "their hope is the giving up of the ghost" (b); all they have to hope and wish for is death, to relieve them from their present troubles and agonies they are in; and sometimes are left amidst their guilt, despair, and horror, to destroy themselves: now Zophar by all this would suggest, that should not Job take his advice, he would appear to be such a wicked man, whose eyes would fail for his own help, and would not escape the judgments of God here and hereafter, and would die without hope, in black despair; or at least without any hope that would be of any avail.

(a) "et refugium peribit ab eis", Pagninus, Montanus, Bolducius; "perfugium", Junius & Tremellius; "effugium", Mercerus, Cocceius, Schmidt, Schultens. (b) "Spes vel expectatio eorum est, vel erit efflatio animae", Mercerus, Cocceius. 20. A warning to Job, if he would not turn to God.

The wicked—that is, obdurate sinners.

eyes … fail—that is, in vain look for relief (De 28:65). Zophar implies Job's only hope of relief is in a change of heart.

they shall not escape—literally, "every refuge shall vanish from them."

giving up of the ghost—Their hope shall leave them as the breath does the body (Pr 11:7). 11:13-20 Zophar exhorts Job to repentance, and gives him encouragement, yet mixed with hard thoughts of him. He thought that worldly prosperity was always the lot of the righteous, and that Job was to be deemed a hypocrite unless his prosperity was restored. Then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; that is, thou mayst come boldly to the throne of grace, and not with the terror and amazement expressed in ch. 9:34. If we are looked upon in the face of the Anointed, our faces that were cast down may be lifted up; though polluted, being now washed with the blood of Christ, they may be lifted up without spot. We may draw near in full assurance of faith, when we are sprinkled from an evil conscience, Heb 10:22.
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