James 3:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But the wisdom that comes from heaven is first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial and sincere.

King James Bible
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

Darby Bible Translation
But the wisdom from above first is pure, then peaceful, gentle, yielding, full of mercy and good fruits, unquestioning, unfeigned.

World English Bible
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceful, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

Young's Literal Translation
and the wisdom from above, first, indeed, is pure, then peaceable, gentle, easily entreated, full of kindness and good fruits, uncontentious, and unhypocritical: --

James 3:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The wisdom that is from above - The pure religion of the Lord Jesus, bought by his blood, and infused by his Spirit. See the rabbinical meaning of this phrase at the end of this chapter.

Is first pure - Ἁγνη· Chaste, holy, and clean.

Peaceable - Ειρηνικη· Living in peace with others, and promoting peace among men.

Gentle - Επιεικης· Meek, modest, of an equal mind, taking every thing in good part, and putting the best construction upon all the actions of others.

Easy to be entreated - Ευπειθης· Not stubborn nor obstinate; of a yielding disposition in all indifferent things; obsequious, docile.

Full of mercy - Ready to pass by a transgression, and to grant forgiveness to those who offend, and performing every possible act of kindness.

Good fruits - Each temper and disposition producing fruits suited to and descriptive of its nature.

Without partiality - Αδιακριτος· Without making a difference - rendering to every man his due; and being never swayed by self-interest, worldly honor, or the fear of man; knowing no man after the flesh. One of the Itala has it irreprehensible.

Without hypocrisy - Ανυποκριτος· Without dissimulation; without pretending to be what it is not; acting always in its own character; never working under a mask. Seeking nothing but God's glory, and using no other means to attain it than those of his own prescribing.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the wisdom.

James 3:15 This wisdom descends not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

James 1:5,17 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men liberally, and upbraides not; and it shall be given him...

Genesis 41:38,39 And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is...

Exodus 36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart the LORD had put wisdom...

1 Kings 3:9,12,28 Give therefore your servant an understanding heart to judge your people, that I may discern between good and bad...

1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give you wisdom and understanding, and give you charge concerning Israel, that you may keep the law of the LORD your God.

Job 28:12,23,28 But where shall wisdom be found? and where is the place of understanding...

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Isaiah 11:2,3 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might...

Daniel 1:17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom...

Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.

1 Corinthians 2:6,7 However, we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world...

1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

first.

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double minded.

Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver...

Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brothers, whatever things are true, whatever things are honest, whatever things are just, whatever things are pure...

Titus 1:15 To the pure all things are pure: but to them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure...

1 John 3:3 And every man that has this hope in him purifies himself, even as he is pure.

peaceable.

1 Chronicles 22:9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about...

*marg:

Isaiah 2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares...

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful...

Isaiah 11:2-9 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might...

Isaiah 32:15-17 Until the spirit be poured on us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest...

Romans 12:18 If it be possible, as much as lies in you, live peaceably with all men.

Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord:

gentle.

Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom...

1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Charity suffers long, and is kind; charity envies not; charity braggs not itself, is not puffed up...

2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you...

Galatians 5:22,23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith...

Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)

1 Thessalonians 2:7 But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherishes her children:

2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient,

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all meekness to all men.

full.

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory...

Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas...

Acts 11:24 For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much people was added to the Lord.

Romans 15:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brothers, that you also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge...

2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministers seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown...

Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.

Colossians 1:10 That you might walk worthy of the Lord to all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;

without.

James 2:4 Are you not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?

Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as you have not kept my ways...

1 Timothy 5:21 I charge you before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels...

partiality. or, wrangling. hypocrisy.

Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villainy, and his heart will work iniquity, to practice hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD...

Matthew 23:28 Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but within you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

Luke 12:1,2 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, so that they stepped one on another...

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!

Romans 12:9 Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; hold to that which is good.

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned love of the brothers...

1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, all evil speakings,

1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

Library
January the Twenty-Sixth the Fire of Envy
"Where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work!" --JAMES iii. 13-18. In Milton's "Comus" we read of a certain potion which has the power to pervert all the senses of everyone who drinks it. Nothing is apprehended truly. Sight and hearing and taste are all disordered, and the victim is all unconscious of the confusion. The deadly draught is the minister of deceptive chaos. And envy is like that potion when it is drunk by the spirit. It perverts every moral and spiritual sense.
John Henry Jowett—My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year

Whether Wisdom Should be Reckoned among the Gifts of the Holy Ghost?
Objection 1: It would seem that wisdom ought not to be reckoned among the gifts of the Holy Ghost. For the gifts are more perfect than the virtues, as stated above ([2705]FS, Q[68], A[8]). Now virtue is directed to the good alone, wherefore Augustine says (De Lib. Arb. ii, 19) that "no man makes bad use of the virtues." Much more therefore are the gifts of the Holy Ghost directed to the good alone. But wisdom is directed to evil also, for it is written (James 3:15) that a certain wisdom is "earthly,
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether Our Atmosphere is the Demons' Place of Punishment?
Objection 1: It would seem that this atmosphere is not the demons' place of punishment. For a demon is a spiritual nature. But a spiritual nature is not affected by place. Therefore there is no place of punishment for demons. Objection 2: Further, man's sin is not graver than the demons'. But man's place of punishment is hell. Much more, therefore, is it the demons' place of punishment; and consequently not the darksome atmosphere. Objection 3: Further, the demons are punished with the pain of fire.
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether a Religious Sins More Grievously than a Secular by the Same Kind of Sin?
Objection 1: It would seem that a religious does not sin more grievously than a secular by the same kind of sin. For it is written (2 Paralip 30:18,19): "The Lord Who is good will show mercy to all them who with their whole heart seek the Lord the God of their fathers, and will not impute it to them that they are not sanctified." Now religious apparently follow the Lord the God of their fathers with their whole heart rather than seculars, who partly give themselves and their possessions to God and
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Matthew 5:9
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.

Luke 6:36
Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.

Romans 12:9
Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good.

2 Corinthians 6:6
in purity, understanding, patience and kindness; in the Holy Spirit and in sincere love;

2 Corinthians 7:11
See what this godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern, what readiness to see justice done. At every point you have proved yourselves to be innocent in this matter.

Titus 3:2
to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and always to be gentle toward everyone.

Hebrews 12:11
No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.

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