1 Timothy 4:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Such teachings come through hypocritical liars, whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron.

New Living Translation
These people are hypocrites and liars, and their consciences are dead.

English Standard Version
through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared,

Berean Study Bible
influenced by the hypocrisy of liars, whose consciences are seared with a hot iron.

Berean Literal Bible
in the hypocrisy of liars, having been seared in the own conscience,

New American Standard Bible
by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron,

King James Bible
Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
through the hypocrisy of liars whose consciences are seared.

International Standard Version
and the hypocrisy of liars, whose consciences have been burned by a hot iron.

NET Bible
influenced by the hypocrisy of liars whose consciences are seared.

New Heart English Bible
through the hypocrisy of men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These persons who deceive by false appearances and speak lies and sear their consciences;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These people will speak lies disguised as truth. Their consciences have been scarred as if branded by a red-hot iron.

New American Standard 1977
by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron,

Jubilee Bible 2000
that in hypocrisy shall speak lies; having their conscience seared as with a hot iron;

King James 2000 Bible
Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

American King James Version
Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

American Standard Version
through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Speaking lies in hypocrisy, and having their conscience seared,

Darby Bible Translation
speaking lies in hypocrisy, cauterised as to their own conscience,

English Revised Version
through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;

Webster's Bible Translation
Speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

Weymouth New Testament
through the hypocrisy of men who teach falsely and have their own consciences seared as with a hot iron;

World English Bible
through the hypocrisy of men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;

Young's Literal Translation
in hypocrisy speaking lies, being seared in their own conscience,
Study Bible
Warnings against False Teachers
1Now the Spirit expressly states that in later times some will abandon the faith to follow deceitful spirits and the teachings of demons, 2influenced by the hypocrisy of liars, whose consciences are seared with a hot iron. 3They will prohibit marriage and require abstinence from certain foods that God has created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.…
Cross References
1 Kings 13:18
He said to him, "I also am a prophet like you, and an angel spoke to me by the word of the LORD, saying, 'Bring him back with you to your house, that he may eat bread and drink water.'" But he lied to him.

Jeremiah 23:26
"How long? Is there anything in the hearts of the prophets who prophesy falsehood, even these prophets of the deception of their own heart,

Ephesians 4:19
Having lost all sense of shame, they have given themselves over to sensuality for the practice of every kind of impurity, with a craving for more.
Treasury of Scripture

Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

lies.

1 Kings 13:18 He said to him, I am a prophet also as you are; and an angel spoke …

1 Kings 22:22 And the LORD said to him, With which? And he said, I will go forth, …

Isaiah 9:15 The ancient and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet that teaches …

Jeremiah 5:21 Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which …

Jeremiah 23:14,32 I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: …

Daniel 8:23-25 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are …

Matthew 7:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, …

Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall …

Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, …

Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly…

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried …

2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there …

Revelation 16:14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth …

their.

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God …

Ephesians 4:19 Who being past feeling have given themselves over to lasciviousness, …

(2) Speaking lies in hypocrisy.--The Greek words here should be translated, through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies. The lies that these men utter, refer to their teaching that it was pleasing to the eye of the All-seeing Creator for men and women to avoid certain meats, and to abstain from marriage. Their hypocrisy consisted in their assumption of a mask of holiness, which holiness they considered was derived from their false asceticism and their abstinence from things which the Apostle proceeded to show were lawful.

Having their conscience seared with a hot iron.--Better rendered, Branded in their own con-science as with a hot iron. The image is drawn from the practice of branding slaves and certain criminals on their forehead with a mark. "Qua nota turpitudinis non inusta tua vita est?" (Cic. Cat. i. 6.) These men tried to teach the efficacy of a substitution of certain counsels of perfection in place of a faithful loving life. They based their teaching on wild Oriental speculations about the evil nature of all matter. They were often themselves evil-livers, who, conscious of their own stained, scarred lives, strove with a show of outward sanctity and hypocritical self-denial to beguile and to lead astray others, and in the end to make them as vile as themselves.

Verse 2. - Through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies for speaking lies in hypocrisy, A.V.; branded in their own conscience as with for having their conscience seared with, A.V. Through the hypocrisy of men, etc. The construction is rather obscure, as the most obvious way of construing is that of the A.V., where ψευδόλογων must agree with δαιμονίων. But then the clause, "having their conscience seared with a hot iron," does not suit "devils." It is therefore, perhaps, best to translate the clause as the R.V. does, and to explain, with Bishop Ellicott, that the preposition ἐν, which precedes ὑποκρίσει, defines the instrument by which they were led to give heed to seducing spirits, viz. the hypocritical preterites of the men who spake lies, and whose consciences were seared. If ψευδολόγων agrees with δαιμονίων, we must conceive that St. Paul passes insensibly from "the devils" to the false teachers who spake as they taught them. In the Gospels, the speech of the devils, and of those possessed by devils, is often interchanged, as e.g., Luke 4:33, 34, 41; Mark 1:23, 24. Men that speak lies (ψευδολόγω); only found here in the New Testament, but occasionally in classical Greek. Branded (κεκαυτηριασμένων); here only in the New Testament, but used in Greek medical and other writers for "to brand," or "cauterize;" καυτήρ and καυτήριον, a branding-iron. The application of the image is somewhat uncertain. If the idea is that of "a brand," a mark burnt in upon the forehead of a slave or criminal, then the meaning is that these men have their own infamy stamped upon their own consciences. It is not patent only to others, but to themselves also. But if the metaphor is from the cauterizing a wound, as the A.V. takes it, then the idea is that these men's consciences are become as insensible to the touch as the skin that has been cauterized is. The metaphor, in this case, is somewhat similar to that of πωρόω πώρωσις (Mark 3:5; Mark 6:52; John 12:40, etc.). The latter interpretation seems to suit the general context best, and the medical use of the term, which St. Paul might have learnt from Luke. The emphasis of τῆς ἰδίας, "their own conscience," implies that they were not merely deceivers of others, but were self-deceived. Speaking lies in hypocrisy,.... Or "through the hypocrisy of those that speak lies"; for the apostle is still speaking of the means by which the apostasy should rise, and get ground; and it should be by the means of persons that should deliver lying or false doctrine under the colour of truth, and make great pretensions to religion and holiness, which would greatly take with men, and captivate and lead them aside: and this plainly points at the abettors of antichrist, the Romish priests, who deliver out the lying doctrines of merit, purgatory, invocation of saints, fastings, pilgrimages, &c. and the fabulous legends of saints, and the lying wonders and miracles done by them, and all under a show of godliness, and the promoting of religion and holiness:

having their conscience seared with a hot iron; which exactly describes the above mentioned persons, whose consciences are cauterized and hardened, and past feeling; and have no regard to what they say or do, make no conscience of anything, but under a cloak of sanctity commit the most shocking impieties; and are men of the most infamous characters, and of the most enormous and scandalous lives and conversations; so that the metaphor may be taken either from the searing of flesh with an iron, or cauterizing it, whereby it grows callous and hard; or from the stigmas or marks which used to be put on malefactors, or such who have been guilty of notorious crimes. 2. Rather translate, "Through (literally, 'in'; the element in which the apostasy has place) the hypocrisy of lying speakers"; this expresses the means through which "some shall (be led to) depart from the faith," namely, the reigned sanctity of the seducers (compare "deceivers," Tit 1:10).

having their conscience seared—Greek, "having their own conscience," etc., that is, not only "speaking lies" to others, but also having their own conscience seared. Professing to lead others to holiness, their own conscience is all the while defiled. Bad consciences always have recourse to hypocrisy. As faith and a good conscience are joined (1Ti 1:5); so hypocrisy (that is, unbelief, Mt 24:5, 51; compare Lu 12:46) and a bad conscience here. Theodoret explains like English Version, "seared," as implying their extreme insensibility; the effect of cauterizing being to deaden sensation. The Greek, however, primarily means "branded" with the consciousness of crimes committed against their better knowledge and conscience, like so many scars burnt in by a branding iron: Compare Tit 1:15; 3:11, "condemned of himself." They are conscious of the brand within, and yet with a hypocritical show of sanctity, they strive to seduce others. As "a seal" is used in a good sense (2Ti 2:19), so "a brand" in a bad sense. The image is taken from the branding of criminals.4:1-5 The Holy Spirit, both in the Old and the New Testament, spoke of a general turning from the faith of Christ, and the pure worship of God. This should come during the Christian dispensation, for those are called the latter days. False teachers forbid as evil what God has allowed, and command as a duty what he has left indifferent. We find exercise for watchfulness and self-denial, in attending to the requirements of God's law, without being tasked to imaginary duties, which reject what he has allowed. But nothing justifies an intemperate or improper use of things; and nothing will be good to us, unless we seek by prayer for the Lord's blessing upon it.
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