John 12:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so they can neither see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, nor turn--and I would heal them."

New Living Translation
"The Lord has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts--so that their eyes cannot see, and their hearts cannot understand, and they cannot turn to me and have me heal them."

English Standard Version
“He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them.”

New American Standard Bible
"HE HAS BLINDED THEIR EYES AND HE HARDENED THEIR HEART, SO THAT THEY WOULD NOT SEE WITH THEIR EYES AND PERCEIVE WITH THEIR HEART, AND BE CONVERTED AND I HEAL THEM."

King James Bible
He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so that they would not see with their eyes or understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I would heal them.

International Standard Version
"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, so that they might not perceive with their eyes, and understand with their mind and turn, and I would heal them."

NET Bible
"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, so that they would not see with their eyes and understand with their heart, and turn to me, and I would heal them."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“They have put out their eyes and darkened their hearts lest they shall see with their eyes and understand in their hearts and should be converted and I would heal them.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"God blinded them and made them close-minded so that their eyes don't see and their minds don't understand. And they never turn to me for healing!"

Jubilee Bible 2000
He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, that they should not see with their eyes nor understand with their heart and be converted, and I should heal them.

King James 2000 Bible
He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their hearts; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I should heal them.

American King James Version
He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

American Standard Version
He hath blinded their eyes, and he hardened their heart; Lest they should see with their eyes, and perceive with their heart, And should turn, And I should heal them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart, that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

Darby Bible Translation
He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, that they may not see with their eyes, and understand with their heart and be converted, and I should heal them.

English Revised Version
He hath blinded their eyes, and he hardened their heart; Lest they should see with their eyes, and perceive with their heart, And should turn, And I should heal them.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

Weymouth New Testament
"He has blinded their eyes and made their minds callous, lest they should see with their eyes and perceive with their minds, and should turn, and I should heal them."

World English Bible
"He has blinded their eyes and he hardened their heart, lest they should see with their eyes, and perceive with their heart, and would turn, and I would heal them."

Young's Literal Translation
'He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart, that they might not see with the eyes, and understand with the heart, and turn back, and I might heal them;'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:37-43 Observe the method of conversion implied here. Sinners are brought to see the reality of Divine things, and to have some knowledge of them. To be converted, and truly turned from sin to Christ, as their Happiness and Portion. God will heal them, will justify and sanctify them; will pardon their sins, which are as bleeding wounds, and mortify their corruptions, which are as lurking diseases. See the power of the world in smothering convictions, from regard to the applause or censure of men. Love of the praise of men, as a by-end in that which is good, will make a man a hypocrite when religion is in fashion, and credit is to be got by it; and love of the praise of men, as a base principle in that which is evil, will make a man an apostate, when religion is in disgrace, and credit is to be lost for it.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 40. - There are several illustrations in this verse that the diction of the evangelist differs from that which he uses when recording the words of Christ. Thus ὅμως μέντοι is peculiar to John himself, and thus is an ἅπαξ λεγόμενον; but μέντοι occurs five times in the style of John himself (see John 4:27; John 7:13; John 12:42; John 20:5; John 21:4), not once by our Lord. Ὁμολογεῖν again is used four times by the evangelist, and seven times in the Epistles and Apocalypse, but never put by him into the lips of Jesus. Nevertheless many of the rulers believed on him. These words are used, not to mitigate the charge, but to show that, though individuals did believe, even among the rulers, they had not courage to avow their faith. The instances of Nicodemus and Joseph and others lie upon the surface. Godet thinks rather of Gamaliel and the like, "the Eras-muses of those days." Theirs was, indeed, an hypocrisy of unbelief, and it is not 'altogether banished from the modern world, and notwithstanding Christ's rejection by the nation as a nation, individuals saw his glory and believed. It is still true of municipalities, nations, even Churches, that they reject Christ, while individuals among them are molded by and obedient to the faith. But by reason of the Pharisees - our Lord's most deadly enemies, from John 1. to John 12. - they were making no confession - or, acknowledgment - of his claims, lest they should be put out of the synagogue; become the excommunicate, fall under the terrible ban (see John 9:22). The fear of class exclusion, the dread of running counter to the current opinion of the Church or the world, has led to much of the misery of both.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart,.... It is of no great moment, whether the he, who is said to blind and harden, be God or Christ, or whether the words be rendered, "it hath blinded", &c. that is, malice or wickedness; or whether they be read impersonally, "their eyes are blinded", &c. since God or Christ blind and harden not by any positive act, but by leaving and giving men up to the blindness and hardness of their hearts, and denying them the grace which could only cure them, and which they are not obliged to give; and which was the case of these Jews, so as never to be converted, or be turned even by external repentance and reformation, that they might be healed in a national way, and be preserved from national ruin, as it follows,

that they should not see with their eyes,.... See Gill on Matthew 13:14, See Gill on Matthew 13:15. The Syriac and Persic versions read, "they have blinded their eyes", &c.



John 12:40 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Unbelief of the People
39For this reason they could not believe, for Isaiah said again, 40"HE HAS BLINDED THEIR EYES AND HE HARDENED THEIR HEART, SO THAT THEY WOULD NOT SEE WITH THEIR EYES AND PERCEIVE WITH THEIR HEART, AND BE CONVERTED AND I HEAL THEM." 41These things Isaiah said because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him.
Cross References
Exodus 4:21
The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 9:12
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.

Exodus 10:1
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these signs of mine among them

Exodus 11:10
Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country.

Isaiah 6:9
He said, "Go and tell this people: "'Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.'

Isaiah 6:10
Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed."

Jeremiah 5:21
Hear this, you foolish and senseless people, who have eyes but do not see, who have ears but do not hear:

Ezekiel 12:2
"Son of man, you are living among a rebellious people. They have eyes to see but do not see and ears to hear but do not hear, for they are a rebellious people.

Matthew 13:14
In them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah: "'You will be ever hearing but never understanding; you will be ever seeing but never perceiving.

Mark 4:12
so that, "'they may be ever seeing but never perceiving, and ever hearing but never understanding; otherwise they might turn and be forgiven!'"

Mark 6:52
for they had not understood about the loaves; their hearts were hardened.

John 12:39
For this reason they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere:

Romans 9:18
Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
Treasury of Scripture

He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

hath.

John 9:39 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they …

1 Kings 22:20 And the LORD said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and …

Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you the spirit of deep sleep, and …

Ezekiel 14:9 And if the prophet be deceived when he has spoken a thing, I the …

Matthew 13:13-15 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; …

Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind …

Mark 4:12 That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may …

Luke 8:10 And he said, To you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom …

Acts 28:26 Saying, Go to this people, and say, Hearing you shall hear, and shall …

Romans 11:8-11 (According as it is written, God has given them the spirit of slumber, …

hardened.

Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said to Moses, When you go to return into Egypt, see …

Exodus 7:3,13 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders …

Exodus 14:4,8,17 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; …

Joshua 11:20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come …

Romans 9:18 Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Romans 11:7 What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the …

that they.

Deuteronomy 29:4 Yet the LORD has not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to …

Psalm 135:10-18 Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings…

Isaiah 26:11 LORD, when your hand is lifted up, they will not see: but they shall …

Isaiah 42:19,20 Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I sent? …

Jeremiah 5:21 Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which …

Ezekiel 12:2 Son of man, you dwell in the middle of a rebellious house, which …

Mark 8:17,18 And when Jesus knew it, he said to them, Why reason you, because …

and be.

Acts 3:19 Repent you therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out…

Acts 15:3 And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through …

James 5:19,20 Brothers, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him…

heal.

Psalm 6:2 Have mercy on me, O LORD; for I am weak: O LORD, heal me; for my …

Psalm 41:4 I said, LORD, be merciful to me: heal my soul; for I have sinned against you.

Psalm 147:3 He heals the broken in heart, and binds up their wounds.

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our …

Isaiah 57:18,19 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and …

Jeremiah 3:22 Return, you backsliding children, and I will heal your backslidings. …

Hosea 6:1 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will …

Hosea 14:4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for my anger …

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach …

Jump to Previous
Blind Blinded Callous Changed Converted Eyes Fear Hard Hardened Heal Heart Hearts Minds Perceive Turn Understand
Jump to Next
Blind Blinded Callous Changed Converted Eyes Fear Hard Hardened Heal Heart Hearts Minds Perceive Turn Understand
Links
John 12:40 NIV
John 12:40 NLT
John 12:40 ESV
John 12:40 NASB
John 12:40 KJV

John 12:40 Bible Apps
John 12:40 Bible Suite
John 12:40 Biblia Paralela
John 12:40 Chinese Bible
John 12:40 French Bible
John 12:40 German Bible

Alphabetical: and be blinded can converted deadened eyes hardened has He heal heart hearts I neither nor not perceive see so that their them they turn understand with would

NT Gospels: John 12:40 He has blinded their eyes and he (Jhn Jo Jn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
John 12:39
Top of Page
Top of Page