Exodus 23:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.

New Living Translation
"See, I am sending an angel before you to protect you on your journey and lead you safely to the place I have prepared for you.

English Standard Version
“Behold, I send an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have prepared.

New American Standard Bible
"Behold, I am going to send an angel before you to guard you along the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

King James Bible
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I am going to send an angel before you to protect you on the way and bring you to the place I have prepared.

International Standard Version
"Look, I'm sending an angel in front of you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place I've prepared.

NET Bible
"I am going to send an angel before you to protect you as you journey and to bring you into the place that I have prepared.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I'm going to send a Messenger in front of you to protect you on your trip and bring you to the place I have prepared.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, I send the Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

American King James Version
Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

American Standard Version
Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold I will send my angel, who shall go before thee, and keep thee in thy journey, and bring thee into the place that I have prepared.

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee to the place that I have prepared.

English Revised Version
Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

World English Bible
"Behold, I send an angel before you, to keep you by the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

Young's Literal Translation
'Lo, I am sending a messenger before thee to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee in unto the place which I have prepared;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:20-33 It is here promised that they should be guided and kept in their way through the wilderness to the land of promise, Behold, I send an angel before thee, mine angel. The precept joined with this promise is, that they be obedient to this angel whom God would send before them. Christ is the Angel of Jehovah; this is plainly taught by St. Paul, 1Co 10:9. They should have a comfortable settlement in the land of Canaan. How reasonable are the conditions of this promise; that they should serve the only true God; not the gods of the nations, which are no gods at all. How rich are the particulars of this promise! The comfort of their food, the continuance of their health, the increase of their wealth, the prolonging their lives to old age. Thus hath godliness the promise of the life that now is. It is promised that they should subdue their enemies. Hosts of hornets made way for the hosts of Israel; such mean creatures can God use for chastising his people's enemies. In real kindness to the church, its enemies are subdued by little and little; thus we are kept on our guard, and in continual dependence on God. Corruptions are driven out of the hearts of God's people, not all at once, but by little and little. The precept with this promise is, that they should not make friendship with idolaters. Those that would keep from bad courses, must keep from bad company. It is dangerous to live in a bad neighbourhood; others' sins will be our snares. Our greatest danger is from those who would make us sin against God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 20-31. - THE REWARDS OF OBEDIENCE. God always places before men" the recompense of the reward." He does not require of them that they should serve him for nought. The "Book of the Covenant" appropriately ends with a number of promises, which God undertakes to perform, if Israel keeps the terms of the covenant. The promises are: -

1. That he will send an angel before them to be their guide, director, and helper (vers. 20 - 23).

2. That he will be the enemy of their enemies (ver. 22), striking terror into them miraculously (ver. 27), and subjecting them to other scourges also (ver. 28).

3. That he will drive out their enemies "by little and little" (ver. 30), not ceasing until he has destroyed them (ver. 23).

4. That he will give them the entire country between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean on the one hand, the Desert and the Euphrates on the other (ver. 31). And

5. That he will bless their sustenance, avert sickness from them, cause them to multiply, and prolong their days upon earth (vers. 25, 26). At the same time, all these promises - except the first - are made conditional. If they will "beware" of the angel and "obey his voice," then he will drive their enemies out (vers. 22, 23): if they will serve Jehovah, and destroy the idols of the nations, then he will multiply them, and give them health and long life (vers. 24-26), and "set their bounds from the Red Sea even unto the Sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river" (ver. 31). So far as they fall short of their duties, is he entitled to fall short of his promises. A reciprocity is established. Unless they keep their engagements, he is not bound to keep his. Though the negative side is not entered upon, this is sufficiently clear. None of the promises, except the promise to send the angel, is absolute. Their realisation depends on a strict and hearty obedience. Verse 20. - Behold, I send a messenger before thee. Jewish commentators regard the messenger as Moses, who, no doubt, was a specially commissioned ambassador for God, and who might, therefore, well be termed God's messenger. But the expressions - "He will not pardon your transgressions," and "My name is in him," are too high for Moses. An angel must be intended - probably "the Angel of the Covenant," - whom the best expositors identify with the Second Person of the Trinity, the Ever-Blessed Son of God. To keep thee in the way is not simply "to guide thee through the wilderness, and prevent thee from geographical error," but to keep thee altogether in the right path. s, to guard thy going out and thy coming m, to prevent thee from falling into any kind of wrong conduct. The place which I have prepared is not merely Palestine, but that place of which Palestine is the type - viz., Heaven. Compare John 14:2: - "I go to prepare a place for you."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Behold, I send an angel before thee,.... Not a created angel, but the uncreated one, the Angel of God's presence, that was with the Israelites at Sinai, and in the wilderness; who saved, redeemed, bore, and carried them all the days of old, whom they rebelled against and tempted in the wilderness; as appears by all the characters after given of him, which by no means agree with a created angel: Aben Ezra observes, that some say this is the book of the law, because it is said, "my name is in him", or "in the midst of it"; others say, the ark of the covenant; but he says this angel is Michael; and if indeed by Michael is intended the uncreated angel, as he always is in Scripture, he is right: Jarchi remarks, that their Rabbins say, this is Metatron, whose name is as the name of his master; Metatron, by gematry, is Shaddai, which signifies almighty or all-sufficient, and is an epithet of the divine Being; and Metatron seems to be a corruption of the word "mediator": some of the ancient Jewish writers say (k), this is the Angel that is the Redeemer of the world, and the keeper of the children of men: and Philo the Jew (l) applies the word unto the divine Logos, and says,"he (God) uses the divine Word as the guide of the way; for the oracle is, "behold, I send my Angel", &c.''which agrees with what follows:

to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared; to preserve the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness, from all their enemies that should set upon them, and to bring them safe at last to the land of Canaan, which he had appointed for them, and promised to them, and had prepared both in his purpose and gift for them, and would make way for their settlement in it by driving out the nations before them.

(k) In Zohar in Gen. fol. 124. 4. (l) "De migratione" Abraham, p. 415.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

20-25. Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way—The communication of these laws, made to Moses and by him rehearsed to the people, was concluded by the addition of many animating promises, intermingled with several solemn warnings that lapses into sin and idolatry would not be tolerated or passed with impunity.

Exodus 23:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Angel to Lead
20"Behold, I am going to send an angel before you to guard you along the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. 21"Be on your guard before him and obey his voice; do not be rebellious toward him, for he will not pardon your transgression, since My name is in him.…
Cross References
Genesis 24:7
"The LORD, the God of heaven, who brought me out of my father's household and my native land and who spoke to me and promised me on oath, saying, 'To your offspring I will give this land'--he will send his angel before you so that you can get a wife for my son from there.

Genesis 24:40
"He replied, 'The LORD, before whom I have walked faithfully, will send his angel with you and make your journey a success, so that you can get a wife for my son from my own clan and from my father's family.

Exodus 3:2
There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up.

Exodus 14:19
Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them,

Exodus 15:16
terror and dread will fall on them. By the power of your arm they will be as still as a stone-- until your people pass by, LORD, until the people you bought pass by.

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of your inheritance-- the place, LORD, you made for your dwelling, the sanctuary, Lord, your hands established.

Exodus 23:23
My angel will go ahead of you and bring you into the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites and Jebusites, and I will wipe them out.

Exodus 32:34
Now go, lead the people to the place I spoke of, and my angel will go before you. However, when the time comes for me to punish, I will punish them for their sin."

Exodus 33:2
I will send an angel before you and drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.

Numbers 22:22
But God was very angry when he went, and the angel of the LORD stood in the road to oppose him. Balaam was riding on his donkey, and his two servants were with him.

Deuteronomy 33:2
He said: "The LORD came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. He came with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes.

Joshua 23:5
The LORD your God himself will push them out for your sake. He will drive them out before you, and you will take possession of their land, as the LORD your God promised you.

Isaiah 63:9
In all their distress he too was distressed, and the angel of his presence saved them. In his love and mercy he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old.
Treasury of Scripture

Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

angel

Exodus 3:2-6 And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire out …

Exodus 14:19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed …

Exodus 32:34 Therefore now go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken …

Exodus 33:2,14 And I will send an angel before you; and I will drive out the Canaanite, …

Genesis 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let …

Numbers 20:16 And when we cried to the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, …

Joshua 5:13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up …

Joshua 6:2 And the LORD said to Joshua, See, I have given into your hand Jericho, …

Psalm 91:11 For he shall give his angels charge over you, to keep you in all your ways.

Isaiah 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence …

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before …

1 Corinthians 10:9,10 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were …

prepared

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your …

Matthew 25:34 Then shall the King say to them on his right hand, Come, you blessed …

John 14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive …

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