Exodus 23:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Do not spread false reports. Do not help a guilty person by being a malicious witness.

New Living Translation
"You must not pass along false rumors. You must not cooperate with evil people by lying on the witness stand.

English Standard Version
“You shall not spread a false report. You shall not join hands with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked to be a malicious witness."

International Standard Version
"You are not to spread a false report, nor are you to join forces with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

NET Bible
"You must not give a false report. Do not make common cause with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall not spread a false report. Do not join your hand with the wicked to be an unjust witness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD continued,] "Never spread false rumors. Don't join forces with wicked people by giving false testimony.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not utter a false report; put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not admit a false rumour; put not thine hand with the wicked to be a false witness.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

American King James Version
You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not take up a false report: put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not receive the voice of a lie: neither shalt thou join thy hand to bear false witness for a wicked person.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not accept a false report; extend not thy hand to the wicked, to be an unrighteous witness.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not take up a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

World English Bible
"You shall not spread a false report. Don't join your hand with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not lift up a vain report; thou dost not put thy hand with a wicked man to be a violent witness.
Study Bible
Justice and Mercy
1"You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness. 2"You shall not follow the masses in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice;…
Cross References
Luke 3:14
Then some soldiers asked him, "And what should we do?" "Do not take money by force or false accusation," he said. "Be content with your wages."

John 7:51
"Does our Law convict a man without first hearing from him to determine what he has done?"

Acts 6:11
Then they prompted some men to say, "We heard Stephen speak words of blasphemy against Moses and against God."

Genesis 39:17
Then she spoke to him with these words, "The Hebrew slave, whom you brought to us, came in to me to make sport of me;

Exodus 20:16
"You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Leviticus 19:11
'You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lie to one another.

Deuteronomy 5:20
'You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Deuteronomy 19:16
"If a malicious witness rises up against a man to accuse him of wrongdoing,

Psalm 15:3
He does not slander with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor takes up a reproach against his friend;

Psalm 35:11
Malicious witnesses rise up; They ask me of things that I do not know.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

shalt not

Exodus 23:7 Keep you far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous …

Exodus 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Leviticus 19:16 You shall not go up and down as a talebearer among your people: neither …

2 Samuel 16:3 And the king said, And where is your master's son? And Ziba said …

2 Samuel 19:27 And he has slandered your servant to my lord the king; but my lord …

Psalm 15:3 He that backbites not with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, …

Psalm 101:5 Whoever privately slanders his neighbor, him will I cut off: him …

Psalm 120:3 What shall be given to you? or what shall be done to you, you false tongue?

Proverbs 10:18 He that hides hatred with lying lips, and he that utters a slander, is a fool.

Proverbs 17:4 A wicked doer gives heed to false lips; and a liar gives ear to a …

Proverbs 25:23 The north wind drives away rain: so does an angry countenance a backbiting …

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say …

Matthew 28:14,15 And if this come to the governor's ears, we will persuade him, and secure you…

Romans 3:8 And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm …

raise or receive. an unrighteous witness

Deuteronomy 5:20 Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbor.

Deuteronomy 19:16-21 If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him …

1 Kings 21:10-13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against …

Psalm 27:12 Deliver me not over to the will of my enemies: for false witnesses …

Psalm 35:11 False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.

Proverbs 6:19 A false witness that speaks lies, and he that sows discord among brothers.

Proverbs 12:17 He that speaks truth shows forth righteousness: but a false witness deceit.

Proverbs 19:5,9,28 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaks lies …

Proverbs 21:28 A false witness shall perish: but the man that hears speaks constantly.

Proverbs 24:28 Be not a witness against your neighbor without cause; and deceive …

Proverbs 25:18 A man that bears false witness against his neighbor is a maul, and …

Matthew 19:18 He said to him, Which? Jesus said, You shall do no murder, You shall …

Matthew 26:59-61 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false …

Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall …

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half …

Acts 6:11-13 Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous …

Ephesians 4:25 Why putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbor: …

2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, …

1 Peter 3:16 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as …

Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, …

XXIII.

(1-19) The "miscellaneous laws" are here continued. From Exodus 23:1 to Exodus 23:9 no kind of sequence in the laws can be traced; from Exodus 23:10 to the first clause of Exodus 23:19 there is, on the contrary, a certain connection, since the laws enunciated are concerned with ceremonial observance. The closing law, however, is not ceremonial, but the prohibition of a practice considered to be cruel. On the whole, it may be said that The Book of the Covenant maintains its unsystematic character to the close. (See Note on Exodus 20:22-26.)

(1) Thou shalt not raise a false report.--The LXX. and Vulg. Translate, "Thou shalt not receive a false report"--i.e., give it credit, accept it as true, and act upon it. This meaning accords well with the succeeding clause, which forbids our giving support to the false testimony of others. In both clauses the principle of the ninth commandment is extended from principals to accessories.

Verse 1. - The ninth commandment is here expanded and developed. Thou shalt not raise a false report, forbids the origination of a calumny; the other clause prohibits the joining with others in spreading one. Both clauses have a special reference to bearing witness in a court, but neither would seem to be confined to it. Thou shalt not raise a false report,.... Of a neighbour, or of any man whatever, either secretly by private slanders, whispers, backbiting and tale bearing, by innuendos, detracting from his good name and credit, suggesting things false and wicked concerning him; or publicly in a court of judicature, bringing a false accusation, laying a false charge, and bearing a false testimony against him: or "thou shall not receive a false report" (p); if there were not so many, that say, Report, and we will report it, that are ready to receive every ill thing of their neighbours, there would not be so many that would raise such ill things of them; everything of this kind should be discountenanced, and especially by judges in courts of judicature, who are chiefly spoken to and of in the context; these should not easily admit every charge and accusation brought; nor bear, or endure a false report, as the word also signifies, but discourage, and even punish it:

put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness; which is not a gesture used in swearing, such as with us, of putting the hand upon a book, which did not obtain so early; nor is there any instance of this kind in Scripture; the gesture used in swearing was either putting the hand under the thigh, which yet is questionable, or lifting of it up to heaven; but here it is expressive of confederacy, of joining hand in hand to carry on a prosecution in an unrighteous way, by bearing false testimony against another; and such were to be guarded against, and not admitted to give evidence in a cause, even a man that is known to be a wicked man, or to have been an unrighteous witness before; on the one hand, a man should be careful of joining with him in a testimony that is unrighteous; and, on the other hand, judges should take care not to suffer such to be witnesses. The Jews say (q), that everyone that is condemned to be scourged, or has been scourged for some crime committed, is reckoned a wicked man, and he is not to be admitted a witness, nor his testimony taken.

(p) "non suscipies", V. L. Pegninus, Vatablus, Drusius, Fagius. (q) Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 3. sect. 3.CHAPTER 23

Ex 23:1-33. Laws concerning Slander, etc.

1. put not thine hand—join not hands.23:1-9 In the law of Moses are very plain marks of sound moral feeling, and of true political wisdom. Every thing in it is suited to the desired and avowed object, the worship of one only God, and the separation of Israel from the pagan world. Neither parties, friends, witnesses, nor common opinions, must move us to lessen great faults, to aggravate small ones, excuse offenders, accuse the innocent, or misrepresent any thing.
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