Exodus 23:32
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not make a covenant with them or with their gods.

New Living Translation
"Make no treaties with them or their gods.

English Standard Version
You shall make no covenant with them and their gods.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall make no covenant with them or with their gods.

King James Bible
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not make a covenant with them or their gods.

International Standard Version
You are not to make a covenant with them or with their gods.

NET Bible
"You must make no covenant with them or with their gods.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never make a treaty with them and their gods.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

American King James Version
You shall make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not enter into league with them, nor with their gods.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

World English Bible
You shall make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

Young's Literal Translation
thou dost not make a covenant with them, and with their gods;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:20-33 It is here promised that they should be guided and kept in their way through the wilderness to the land of promise, Behold, I send an angel before thee, mine angel. The precept joined with this promise is, that they be obedient to this angel whom God would send before them. Christ is the Angel of Jehovah; this is plainly taught by St. Paul, 1Co 10:9. They should have a comfortable settlement in the land of Canaan. How reasonable are the conditions of this promise; that they should serve the only true God; not the gods of the nations, which are no gods at all. How rich are the particulars of this promise! The comfort of their food, the continuance of their health, the increase of their wealth, the prolonging their lives to old age. Thus hath godliness the promise of the life that now is. It is promised that they should subdue their enemies. Hosts of hornets made way for the hosts of Israel; such mean creatures can God use for chastising his people's enemies. In real kindness to the church, its enemies are subdued by little and little; thus we are kept on our guard, and in continual dependence on God. Corruptions are driven out of the hearts of God's people, not all at once, but by little and little. The precept with this promise is, that they should not make friendship with idolaters. Those that would keep from bad courses, must keep from bad company. It is dangerous to live in a bad neighbourhood; others' sins will be our snares. Our greatest danger is from those who would make us sin against God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 32, 33. - FINAL WARNING AGAINST IDOLATRY. The "Book of the Covenant" ends as it began, with a solemn warning against idolatry. (See Exodus 20:23.) "Thou shalt make no covenant with them nor with their gods." Thou shalt not even suffer them to dwell side by side with thee in the land, on peaceable terms, with their own laws and religion, lest thou be ensnared thereby, and led to worship their idols and join in their unhallowed rites (ver. 33). The after history of the people of Israel shows the need of the warning. From the exodus to the captivity, every idolatry with which they came into close contact proved a sore temptation to them. As the author of Kings observes of the Ten Tribes" - The children of Israel did secretly those things which were not right against the Lord their God, and they built them high places in all their cities... And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree; and there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the Lord carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger; for they served idols, whereof the Lord had said unto them, "Ye shall not do this thing" (2 Kings 17:9-12). Verse 32. - Thou shalt make no covenant with them. See below, Exodus 34:12-15. According to the forms usual at the time, a treaty of peace would have contained an acknowledgment of the gods of either nation, and words in honour of them. (See the "Treaty of Rameses II. with the Hittites," given in the Records of the Past, vol. 4. pp. 27-32.) This would have been equivalent to "making a covenant with their gods."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou shalt make no covenant with them,.... A covenant of peace, a league, a confederacy, so as to take them to be their allies and friends; but they were always to consider them as their enemies, until they had made an utter end of them; though the Gibeonites by craft and guile obtained a league of them; but the methods they took to get it show they had some knowledge of this law, that the Israelites might not, or at least would not, make any league or covenant with the inhabitants of the land of Canaan. This may be also extended to marriage covenants, which they were forbid to make with them; which yet they did, and proved a snare to them, for this brought them to makes a covenant with their gods, and serve them, which is here also forbidden:

nor with their gods; making vows unto them, promising to serve them, if they would do such and such things for them.



Exodus 23:32 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Angel to Lead
31"I will fix your boundary from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the River Euphrates; for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you. 32"You shall make no covenant with them or with their gods. 33"They shall not live in your land, because they will make you sin against Me; for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you."
Cross References
Exodus 23:13
"Be careful to do everything I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips.

Exodus 23:24
Do not bow down before their gods or worship them or follow their practices. You must demolish them and break their sacred stones to pieces.

Exodus 34:12
Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land where you are going, or they will be a snare among you.

Deuteronomy 7:2
and when the LORD your God has delivered them over to you and you have defeated them, then you must destroy them totally. Make no treaty with them, and show them no mercy.

Joshua 9:7
The Israelites said to the Hivites, "But perhaps you live near us, so how can we make a treaty with you?"

Joshua 9:15
Then Joshua made a treaty of peace with them to let them live, and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath.

Judges 2:2
and you shall not make a covenant with the people of this land, but you shall break down their altars.' Yet you have disobeyed me. Why have you done this?
Treasury of Scripture

You shall make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

shalt make

Exodus 34:12,15 Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants …

Deuteronomy 7:2 And when the LORD your God shall deliver them before you; you shall …

Joshua 9:14-23 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the …

2 Samuel 21:1,2 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

Psalm 106:35 But were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works.

2 Corinthians 6:15 And what concord has Christ with Belial? or what part has he that …

nor with

Numbers 25:1,2 And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution …

Deuteronomy 7:16 And you shall consume all the people which the LORD your God shall …

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