Joshua 9:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The Israelites sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the LORD.

New Living Translation
So the Israelites examined their food, but they did not consult the LORD.

English Standard Version
So the men took some of their provisions, but did not ask counsel from the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
So the men of Israel took some of their provisions, and did not ask for the counsel of the LORD.

King James Bible
And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the men of Israel took some of their provisions, but did not seek the LORD's counsel.

International Standard Version
So the leaders of Israel sampled their provisions, but did not ask the LORD about it.

NET Bible
The men examined some of their provisions, but they failed to ask the LORD's advice.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The men believed the evidence they were shown, but they did not ask the LORD about it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the men of Israel took of their provision and did not ask counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
And the men took of their provisions, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

American King James Version
And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

American Standard Version
And the men took of their provision, and asked not counsel at the mouth of Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They took therefore of their victuals, and consulted not the mouth of the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And the men took of their victuals, but they did not inquire at the mouth of Jehovah.

English Revised Version
And the men took of their provision, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the men took of their provisions, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

World English Bible
The men sampled their provisions, and didn't ask counsel from the mouth of Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
And the men take of their provision, and the mouth of Jehovah have not asked;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:14-21 The Israelites, having examined the provisions of the Gibeonites, hastily concluded that they confirmed their account. We make more haste than good speed, when we stay not to take God with us, and do not consult him by the word and prayer. The fraud was soon found out. A lying tongue is but for a moment. Had the oath been in itself unlawful, it would not have been binding; for no obligation can render it our duty to commit a sin. But it was not unlawful to spare the Canaanites who submitted, and left idolatry, desiring only that their lives might be spared. A citizen of Zion swears to his own hurt, and changes not, Ps 15:4. Joshua and the princes, when they found that they had been deceived, did not apply to Eleazar the high priest to be freed from their engagement, much less did they pretend that no faith is to be kept with those to whom they had sworn. Let this convince us how we ought to keep our promises, and make good our bargains; and what conscience we ought to make of our words.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - And the men took of their victuals. Most commentators prefer this rendering to that of the margin, "and they received the men because of their victuals." The natural explanation - though several others are given, for which see Keil in loc. - would seem to be that the Israelites relied on the evidence of their senses, instead of upon the counsel of God. They could see the condition of the garments, sacks, and wine skins of the Gibeonites. They tasted of their victuals to convince themselves of the truth of those statements of which the sight was insufficient to take cognisance. And asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord. Even in the most obvious matter it is well not to trust too implicitly to our own judgment. Nothing could seem more clear or satisfactory than the account given of themselves by the Gibeonites - nothing more easy for the unassisted intellect to decide. And yet Joshua and the congregation were deceived. It is perhaps too much to say, with some commentators - Maurer, for instance - that Joshua disobeyed a plain command in acting thus. The passage in which Joshua is instructed to "stand up before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him at the judgment of Urim before the Lord" (Numbers 27:18-23), does not require him to do so in all cases. But it was clearly "an act of gross carelessness" (Calvin). And the inference may safely be drawn that in no case whatever is it wise to trust to ourselves. However obvious our course may be, we shall do well to take counsel with God by prayer.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the men took of their victuals,.... That is, the princes of Israel took thereof; not to eat of them, for it cannot be thought that such personages would eat of such dry and mouldy bread, and especially as they were now in a plentiful country, and possessed of the fruits of it; but to see whether it was in such a plight and condition as they said, whereby they might judge of the truth of what they said; and they learned and knew, as R. Jonah observes, from the dryness of their food, that it was truth they said; and so the Targum, the men hearkened to their words; and so Jarchi, they believed what they said on sight of their provisions; but, according to Kimchi and Ben Melech, they ate with them, to confirm the covenant they made with them; but had this been the case, as it sometimes was a custom to eat together at making covenants, see Genesis 26:30; the princes would doubtless have provided a better entertainment for such a purpose: the "margin" of our Bibles leads to the other sense,"they received the men by reason of their victuals:"

and asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord; as they might and should have done, by desiring the high priest to inquire of the Lord by Urim and Thummim; but this they neglected, which, had they attended to, the fraud would have been discovered; or however, they would have had the mind of God about making peace with the Gibeonites, which in all likelihood he would not have disapproved of, they becoming proselytes, and giving up their possessions to Israel; but this did not excuse their neglect.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14, 15. the men took of their victuals and asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord—The mouldy appearance of their bread was, after examination, accepted as guaranteeing the truth of the story. In this precipitate conclusion the Israelites were guilty of excessive credulity and culpable negligence, in not asking by the high priest's Urim and Thummim the mind of God, before entering into the alliance. It is not clear, however, that had they applied for divine direction they would have been forbidden to spare and connect themselves with any of the Canaanite tribes who renounced idolatry and embraced and worshipped the true God. At least, no fault was found with them for making a covenant with the Gibeonites; while, on the other hand, the violation of it was severely punished (2Sa 21:1; and Jos 11:19, 20).

Joshua 9:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Deceit of the Gibeonites
13"These wineskins which we filled were new, and behold, they are torn; and these our clothes and our sandals are worn out because of the very long journey." 14So the men of Israel took some of their provisions, and did not ask for the counsel of the LORD. 15Joshua made peace with them and made a covenant with them, to let them live; and the leaders of the congregation swore an oath to them.…
Cross References
Numbers 27:21
He is to stand before Eleazar the priest, who will obtain decisions for him by inquiring of the Urim before the LORD. At his command he and the entire community of the Israelites will go out, and at his command they will come in."

Joshua 9:13
And these wineskins that we filled were new, but see how cracked they are. And our clothes and sandals are worn out by the very long journey."
Treasury of Scripture

And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

the men took of their victuals. or, they received the men by reason of their victuals.

asked not

Exodus 28:30 And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the …

Numbers 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel …

Judges 1:1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children …

Judges 20:18,28 And the children of Israel arose, and went up to the house of God, …

1 Samuel 14:18,19 And Saul said to Ahiah, Bring here the ark of God. For the ark of …

1 Samuel 22:10 And he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave …

1 Samuel 23:9-12 And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him; …

1 Samuel 30:7,8 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray you, …

2 Samuel 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David inquired of the LORD, …

2 Samuel 5:19 And David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? …

1 Chronicles 10:13,14 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the …

Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might …

Proverbs 3:5,6 Trust in the LORD with all your heart; and lean not to your own understanding…

Isaiah 30:1,2 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, …

James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all …

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