Acts 13:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."

New Living Translation
One day as these men were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Dedicate Barnabas and Saul for the special work to which I have called them."

English Standard Version
While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.”

New American Standard Bible
While they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."

King James Bible
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work I have called them to."

International Standard Version
While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set Barnabas and Saul apart for me to do the work for which I called them."

NET Bible
While they were serving the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And as they were fasting and beseeching God, The Spirit of Holiness said to them, “Separate to me Shaul and BarNaba for the work to which I have called them.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set Barnabas and Saul apart for me. I want them to do the work for which I called them."

Jubilee Bible 2000
As they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work unto which I have called them.

King James 2000 Bible
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.

American King James Version
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

American Standard Version
And as they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And as they were ministering to the Lord, and fasting, the Holy Ghost said to them: Separate me Saul and Barnabas, for the work whereunto I have taken them.

Darby Bible Translation
And as they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me now Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.

English Revised Version
And as they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

Webster's Bible Translation
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate for me Barnabas and Saul, for the work to which I have called them.

Weymouth New Testament
While they were worshipping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for Me, now at once, Barnabas and Saul, for the work to which I have called them."

World English Bible
As they served the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, "Separate Barnabas and Saul for me, for the work to which I have called them."

Young's Literal Translation
and in their ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, 'Separate ye to me both Barnabas and Saul to the work to which I have called them,'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

13:1-3 What an assemblage was here! In these names we see that the Lord raises up instruments for his work, from various places and stations in life; and zeal for his glory induces men to give up flattering connexions and prospects to promote his cause. It is by the Spirit of Christ that his ministers are made both able and willing for his service, and taken from other cares that would hinder in it. Christ's ministers are to be employed in Christ's work, and, under the Spirit's guidance, to act for the glory of God the Father. They are separated to take pains, and not to take state. A blessing upon Barnabas and Saul in their present undertaking was sought for, and that they might be filled with the Holy Ghost in their work. Whatever means are used, or rules observed, the Holy Ghost alone can fit ministers for their important work, and call them to it.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - And as for as, A.V. They ministered; i.e. not, as Meyer explains it, the whole Church, but the prophets and teachers, doubtless at an assembly of the Church. The word λειτουργούντων, here rendered "they ministered" (from which the word "Liturgy" is derived), signifies any solemn ministration or holy service. In the Old Testament the LXX. use it as the rendering of שֵׁרֵת, to minister (often with the addition "to God," or "to the Lord "), which is a general word applying to the ministrations of priests and Levites (Exodus 28:35; Numbers 8:26, etc.). Hence its use in Hebrews 10:11 (see too Luke 1:23; Hebrews 9:21). Joshua too is called Moses'minister (מְשָׁרֵת) in Joshua 1:1, etc., and the angels are called λριτουργικὰ πνεύματα, "ministering spirits" (Hebrews 1:14). Just as the Church transferred from the Jewish congregation so many other words and things, so also the use of the words λειτουργία λειτουργεῖν, to Sicily "Divine service," without specifying the particular office, whether prayer, or preaching, or Holy Communion, or ordination, or any ether part of the worship of God. Its classical use was to designate any office performed by an individual for the public good. Hence in the New Testament its application to Church alms (2 Corinthians 9:12), to gifts for the support of the ministry (Philippians 2:30), to the office of magistrates (Romans 13:6), etc. The restricted application of the term λειτουργία to the service used in the celebration of the Eucharist was of much later growth, as is evident from Chrysostom explaining the word here of preaching. "What means ministering? Preaching" (Hom. 27.). It seems to have arisen from the fact that the first forms of prayer were those come posed for the office of the Holy Communion. This passage, therefore, does not give the slightest support to fasting Communion. What was the exact occasion of the service and fast here spoken of it is impossible to say. The Holy Ghost said, etc. This is the origin of the question in the Ordination of Deacons, "Do you trust that you are inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost to take upon you this office?" Separate me (ἀφορίσατε). The act of separation, or ordination, would be by the laying on of the hands of Symeon and Lucius and Manaen, as Chrysostom says (at least of the two last named), in the presence of the whole Church, but the separation by the Holy Ghost, at least as regards Saul (ὁ ἀφορίσας με), bad been from his mother's womb (Galatians 1:15). Observe, too, the καλέσας of Galatians 1:15, and the προσκέκλημαι here. This is another instance of the very close resemblance between parts of the Acts and the Epistle to the Galatians, which looks as if St. Paul was writing it about the same time as he was giving to St. Luke the details of his own history (see Acts 8:19, note). The ordination was to the apostolate (Chrysostom). Barnabas and Saul are never called apostles till after their ordination or consecration (Acts 14:14).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

As they ministered to the Lord,.... That is, the five prophets and teachers before mentioned; and whose ministry lay in preaching the Gospel, teaching the people the doctrines of it, and expounding prophecies, and also in prayer; to which latter the Syriac version restrains their ministry, rendering it, "as they prayed to God"; but the phrase seems to be more extensive: "and fasted"; which the Jews were much used to, and the believing ones had not yet left it off; their custom was to fast on Mondays and Thursdays: See Gill on Luke 18:12. Whether it was on one of those days, that these men were ministering and fasting, is not certain; but this we may be sure of, it was not on the Jewish sabbath, for on that day they never fasted; very likely that this was a fast appointed and fixed among themselves, on some particular occasion; it may be on account of the famine, which was at this time, Acts 11:28.

The Holy Ghost said; either with an articulate voice, or by an internal impulse, upon the minds of three of the prophets:

separate me Barnabas and Saul, for the work whereunto I have called them; the work which the Holy Ghost had appointed, and called them to before this, was to go and preach the Gospel among the Gentiles, distinct from the Jews, of which we read in the latter part of this chapter; and now he would have them be separated from their brethren, as Aaron and his sons were from theirs, and be sent forth from hence directly, upon that work: this shows the Spirit to be a person, since speaking and commanding in an authoritative way, and calling to a work, are ascribed unto him; and that he is a divine person, and truly God, and equal with God, since calling to a sacred office is attributed to him; and a separation to it is ordered for himself, for his service, honour, and glory; he does not say separate them to the Lord, or to God, but to me.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. As they ministered to the Lord—The word denotes the performance of official duties of any kind, and was used to express the priestly functions under the Old Testament. Here it signifies the corresponding ministrations of the Christian Church.

and fasted—As this was done in other cases on special occasions (Ac 13:3, 14, 23), it is not improbable that they had been led to expect some such prophetic announcement at this time.

the Holy Ghost said—through some of the prophets mentioned in Ac 13:1.

Separate me—So Ro 1:1.

for the work whereunto I have called them—by some communication, perhaps, to themselves: in the case of Saul at least, such a designation was indicated from the first (Ac 22:21). Note.—While the personality of the Holy Ghost is manifest from this language, His supreme divinity will appear equally so by comparing it with Heb 5:4.

Acts 13:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Paul's First Missionary Journey
1Now there were at Antioch, in the church that was there, prophets and teachers: Barnabas, and Simeon who was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 2While they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them." 3Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.
Cross References
Acts 4:36
Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (which means "son of encouragement"),

Acts 8:29
The Spirit told Philip, "Go to that chariot and stay near it."

Acts 9:15
But the Lord said to Ananias, "Go! This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel.

Acts 13:4
The two of them, sent on their way by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus.

Romans 1:1
Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God--
Treasury of Scripture

As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

they.

Acts 6:4 But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry …

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark …

1 Samuel 2:11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister …

1 Chronicles 16:4,37 And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark …

Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering …

Colossians 4:17 And say to Archippus, Take heed to the ministry which you have received …

2 Timothy 1:11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher …

2 Timothy 4:5,11 But watch you in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an …

fasted.

Acts 13:3 And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, …

Acts 10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; …

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, …

Matthew 6:16 Moreover when you fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: …

Matthew 9:14,15 Then came to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the …

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed …

1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud you not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, …

2 Corinthians 6:5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings;

2 Corinthians 11:27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, …

the Holy.

Acts 10:19 While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said to him, Behold, …

Acts 16:6,7 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, …

1 Corinthians 12:11 But all these works that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to …

Separate.

Acts 22:21 And he said to me, Depart: for I will send you far hence to the Gentiles.

Numbers 8:11-14 And Aaron shall offer the Levites before the LORD for an offering …

Romans 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated …

Romans 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, …

Galatians 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, …

Galatians 2:8,9 (For he that worked effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the …

2 Timothy 2:2 And the things that you have heard of me among many witnesses, the …

the work.

Acts 9:15 But the Lord said to him, Go your way: for he is a chosen vessel …

Acts 14:26 And there sailed to Antioch, from where they had been recommended …

Matthew 9:38 Pray you therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth …

Luke 10:1 After these things the LORD appointed other seventy also, and sent …

Ephesians 3:7 Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace …

1 Timothy 2:7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the …

2 Timothy 1:11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher …

Hebrews 5:4 And no man takes this honor to himself, but he that is called of …

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