Acts 12:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Immediately, because Herod did not give praise to God, an angel of the Lord struck him down, and he was eaten by worms and died.

New Living Translation
Instantly, an angel of the Lord struck Herod with a sickness, because he accepted the people's worship instead of giving the glory to God. So he was consumed with worms and died.

English Standard Version
Immediately an angel of the Lord struck him down, because he did not give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and breathed his last.

New American Standard Bible
And immediately an angel of the Lord struck him because he did not give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and died.

King James Bible
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At once an angel of the Lord struck him because he did not give the glory to God, and he became infected with worms and died.

International Standard Version
Immediately the angel of the Lord struck him down because he did not give glory to God, and he was eaten by worms and died.

NET Bible
Immediately an angel of the Lord struck Herod down because he did not give the glory to God, and he was eaten by worms and died.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And because he did not give the glory to God, immediately The Angel of THE LORD JEHOVAH struck him and he was infested with worms and he died.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Immediately, an angel from the Lord killed Herod for not giving glory to God. Herod was eaten by maggots, and he died.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him because he did not give God the glory, and he expired eaten of worms.

King James 2000 Bible
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and died.

American King James Version
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

American Standard Version
And immediately an angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And forthwith an angel of the Lord struck him, because he had not given the honour to God: and being eaten up by worms, he gave up the ghost.

Darby Bible Translation
And immediately an angel of [the] Lord smote him, because he did not give the glory to God, and he expired, eaten of worms.

English Revised Version
And immediately an angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Webster's Bible Translation
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten by worms, and died.

Weymouth New Testament
Instantly an angel of the Lord struck him, because he had not given the glory to God, and being eaten up by worms, he died.

World English Bible
Immediately an angel of the Lord struck him, because he didn't give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and died.

Young's Literal Translation
and presently there smote him a messenger of the Lord, because he did not give the glory to God, and having been eaten of worms, he expired.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:20-25 Many heathen princes claimed and received Divine honours, but it was far more horrible impiety in Herod, who knew the word and worship of the living God, to accept such idolatrous honours without rebuking the blasphemy. And such men as Herod, when puffed with pride and vanity, are ripening fast for signal vengeance. God is very jealous for his own honour, and will be glorified upon those whom he is not glorified by. See what vile bodies we carry about with us; they have in them the seeds of their own dissolution, by which they will soon be destroyed, whenever God does but speak the word. We may learn wisdom from the people of Tyre and Sidon, for we have offended the Lord with our sins. We depend on him for life, and breath, and all things; it surely then behoves us to humble ourselves before him, that through the appointed Mediator, who is ever ready to befriend us, we may be reconciled to him, lest wrath come upon us to the utmost.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 23. - An angel for the angel, A.V. (Acts 5:19, note).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him,.... With a disease after mentioned; this angel, according to Josephus, appeared in the form of an owl; for he says, that a little after (the shout of the people) the king looked up, and saw an owl sitting upon a rope over his head; whom he immediately understood to be an angel, or messenger of evil things to him, as it had been before of good things; for it seems by the same historian (s), that when he was bound by the order of Caligula, he saw an owl sitting on that tree, on which he leaned; when a certain German predicted, that things would in a short time be changed with him, and he should be advanced to great honour; but remember, says he, whenever you see that bird again, you will die within five days. Eusebius (t), out of Josephus, makes no mention of the owl, but relates it thus; that a little after (the oration and the salutation of the people) the king looked up, and saw an angel sitting over his head, whom he immediately understood to be the cause of evil things to him, as he had formerly been of good: the reason of the angel's smiting him was,

because he gave not glory to God; or as the Jewish historian says, because he reproved not the flatterers, nor rejected their impious flattery, but tacitly took that to himself, which belonged to God:

and he was eaten of worms: Beza's most ancient copy adds, "while he was alive"; Josephus only makes mention of pains in his belly, but these were occasioned by the gnawing of the worms: this was accounted by the Jews a very accursed death; they say (u), that the spies which brought an ill report on the good land, died this death: their account is this, that

"their tongues swelled and fell upon their navels, and worms came out of their tongues and went into their navels, and out of their navels they went into their tongues,''

of this death died many tyrants, oppressors, and persecutors! as Antiochus,

"So that the worms rose up out of the body of this wicked man, and whiles he lived in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell away, and the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all his army.'' (2 Maccabees 9:9)

and Herod the great, the grandfather of this, according to Josephus (w); and Maximianus Galerius, according to Eusebius (x), and many others:

and gave up the ghost: not directly, but five days after, as Josephus relates, in the fifty fourth year of his age, and when he had reigned seven years; but before he died, and as soon as he was smitten, he turned to his friends and said, I your God am obliged to depart this life, and now fate reproves the lying words you have just now spoke of me; and I who was called immortal by you, am led away to die, with more, as related by Josephus: by such a token as this, a man was discovered to be a murderer with the Jews; for so they say (y), that

"out of the beheaded heifer went a vast number of worms, and went to the place where the murderer was, and ascended upon him, and then the sanhedrim laid hold on him and condemned him.''

(s) Ib. l. 18. c. 7. sect. 7. (t) Eccl. Hist. l. 2. c. 10. (u) T. Bab. Sota, fol. 35. 1.((w) Antiqu. l. 17. c. 6. sect. 5. (x) Hist. Eccl. l. 8. c. 16. (y) Targum Jon. in Deuteronomy 21.8.



Acts 12:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Death of Herod
22The people kept crying out, "The voice of a god and not of a man!" 23And immediately an angel of the Lord struck him because he did not give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and died. 24But the word of the Lord continued to grow and to be multiplied.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 24:16
When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, "Enough! Withdraw your hand." The angel of the LORD was then at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.

2 Kings 19:35
That night the angel of the LORD went out and put to death a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the Assyrian camp. When the people got up the next morning--there were all the dead bodies!

Acts 5:19
But during the night an angel of the Lord opened the doors of the jail and brought them out.

Acts 12:22
They shouted, "This is the voice of a god, not of a man."
Treasury of Scripture

And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

the angel.

Exodus 12:12,23,29 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite …

1 Samuel 25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, …

2 Samuel 24:17 And David spoke to the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the …

1 Chronicles 21:14-18 So the LORD sent pestilence on Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy …

2 Chronicles 32:21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valor, …

because.

Acts 10:25,26 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his …

Acts 14:14,15 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their …

Exodus 9:17 As yet exalt you yourself against my people, that you will not let them go?

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said …

Psalm 115:1 Not to us, O LORD, not to us, but to your name give glory, for your …

Isaiah 37:23 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you …

Ezekiel 28:2,9 Son of man, say to the prince of Tyrus, Thus said the Lord GOD; Because …

Daniel 4:30-37 The king spoke, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have …

Daniel 5:18-24 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, …

Luke 12:47,48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, …

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that …

and he.

2 Chronicles 21:18,19 And after all this the LORD smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease…

Job 7:5 My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, …

Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh …

Isaiah 14:11 Your pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of your viols: …

Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall …

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look on the carcasses of the men that …

Mark 9:44-48 Where their worm dies not, and the fire is not quenched…

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