Acts 13:20
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New International Version
All this took about 450 years. "After this, God gave them judges until the time of Samuel the prophet.

New Living Translation
All this took about 450 years. "After that, God gave them judges to rule until the time of Samuel the prophet.

English Standard Version
All this took about 450 years. And after that he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

Berean Study Bible
All this took about four hundred fifty years. After this, God gave them judges until the time of Samuel the prophet.

Berean Literal Bible
during four hundred and fifty years. And after these things, He gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

New American Standard Bible
"After these things He gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

King James Bible
And after that he gave unto them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This all took about 450 years. After this, He gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

International Standard Version
for about 450 years. "After that, he gave them judges until the time of the prophet Samuel.

NET Bible
All this took about four hundred fifty years. After this he gave them judges until the time of Samuel the prophet.

New Heart English Bible
And after these things, about four hundred and fifty years, he gave them judges, until Samuel the prophet.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For four hundred fifty years he gave them Judges until Samuel The Prophet.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He did all this in about four hundred and fifty years. "After that he gave his people judges until the time of the prophet Samuel.

New American Standard 1977
“And after these things He gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And after that he gave unto them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

King James 2000 Bible
And after that he gave unto them judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

American King James Version
And after that he gave to them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

American Standard Version
and after these things he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As it were, after four hundred and fifty years: and after these things, he gave unto them judges, until Samuel the prophet.

Darby Bible Translation
And after these things he gave [them] judges till Samuel the prophet, [to the end of] about four hundred and fifty years.

English Revised Version
and after these things he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

Webster's Bible Translation
And after that he gave to them judges, about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

Weymouth New Testament
and afterwards He gave them judges down to the time of the Prophet Samuel.

World English Bible
After these things he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet.

Young's Literal Translation
'And after these things, about four hundred and fifty years, He gave judges -- till Samuel the prophet;
Study Bible
In Pisidian Antioch
19And having vanquished seven nations in Canaan, He gave their land to His people as an inheritance. 20All this took about four hundred fifty years. After this, God gave them judges until the time of Samuel the prophet. 21Then the people asked for a king, and God gave them forty years under Saul son of Kish, from the tribe of Benjamin.…
Cross References
Judges 2:16
Then the LORD raised up judges who delivered them from the hands of those who plundered them.

1 Samuel 3:20
All Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the LORD.

Acts 3:24
Indeed, all the prophets from Samuel on, as many as have spoken, have proclaimed these days.
Treasury of Scripture

And after that he gave to them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

he gave.

Judges 2:16 Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out …

Judges 3:10 And the Spirit of the LORD came on him, and he judged Israel, and …

Ruth 1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there …

1 Samuel 12:11 And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, …

2 Samuel 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people …

2 Kings 23:22 Surely there was not held such a passover from the days of the judges …

1 Chronicles 17:6 Wherever I have walked with all Israel, spoke I a word to any of …

until.

1 Samuel 3:20 And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established …

(20) After that he gave unto them judges . . .--The statement in the text, assigning 450 years to the period of the judges, and apparently reckoning that period from the distribution of the conquered territory, is at variance with that in 1Kings 6:1, which gives 480 years as the period intervening between the Exodus and the building of the temple. The better MSS., however, give a different reading--"He gave their land to them as an inheritance, about 450 years, and after these things he gave unto them judges," the 450 years in this case being referred to the interval between the choice of "our fathers," which may be reckoned from the birth of Isaac (B.C. 1897 according to the received chronology) to the distribution of the conquered country in B.C. 1444. So far as any great discrepancy is concerned, this is a sufficient explanation, but what has been said before as to the general tendency in a discourse of this kind to rest in round numbers, has also to be remembered. (See Note on Acts 7:6.) Josephus (Ant. viii. 3, 1) gives 592 years from the Exodus to the building of Solomon's Temple. Of this period sixty-five years were occupied by the wanderings in the wilderness and the conquest under Joshua, eighty-four by the reigns of Saul and David and the first four years of Solomon, leaving 443 years for the period of the Judges. This agrees, it will be seen, sufficiently with the Received text in this passage, but leaves the discrepancy with 1Kings 6:1 unexplained. There would of course, be nothing strange in St. Paul's following the same traditional chronology as Josephus, even where it differed from that of the present Hebrew text of the Old Testament.

And after that he gave unto them judges,.... As Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Abimelech, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Samson, and Eli:

about the space of four hundred and fifty years; not that from the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes, to Samuel the prophet, was such a space of years; for from the coming of the children of Israel out of Egypt, to the year that Solomon began to build the temple, were but four hundred and fourscore years, 1 Kings 6:1 and out of these must be taken the forty years the children of Israel were in the wilderness, and seven years in subduing the land of Canaan, before the division of it, which reduce this number to four hundred and thirty and three; and from hence must be deducted the time of Samuel's judging Israel, the reigns of Saul and David, and three years of Solomon's, which reduced the years of the judges to less than four hundred years; and according to some, the years of the judges were three hundred and fifty seven; and according to others, three hundred and thirty nine, and both fall short of the space of years here assigned. The Alexandrian copy and the Vulgate Latin version read this clause in connection with the preceding words, "he divided their land unto them, about the space of four hundred years, and after that he gave unto them judges"; agreeably hereunto the Ethiopic version renders it, "and after four hundred and fifty years, he set over them governors, &c". So that this account respects not the time of the judges, or how long they were, but refers to all that goes before, and measures out the space of time from God's choice of the Jewish fathers, to the division of the land of Canaan: and reckoning from the birth of Isaac, when the choice took place, and in whom Abraham's seed was called, there was much about such a number of years; for from the birth of Isaac to the birth of Jacob, were sixty years; from thence to his going down into Egypt, an hundred and thirty years; and from thence to the Israelites coming out of Egypt, two hundred and ten years; and from thence to their entrance into the land of Canaan, forty years; and from that time to the division of the land, seven years, which in all make four hundred and forty seven years: so that, according to this account, there were three years wanting of the sum in the text; hence the apostle might with great propriety say, that it was about the space of so many years. It follows,

until Samuel the prophet; the meaning of which, is not that there was such a space of time as before mentioned, from the distribution of the land of Canaan until the times of Samuel the prophet, during which space judges were given; but that after that term of time was expired, God gave them judges, or raised up one after another, until Samuel the prophet, who was the last of them: of his character as a prophet; see Gill on Acts 3:24 and which is a title frequently given him by Jewish writers (u).

(u) Maimon. Cele Hamikdash, c. 4. sect. 3.20. after that he gave … judges … about the space of four hundred and fifty years—As this appears to contradict 1Ki 6:1, various solutions have been proposed. Taking the words as they stand in the Greek, thus, "after that, by the space of four hundred fifty years, He gave judges," the meaning may be, that about four hundred fifty years elapsed from the time of the covenant with Abraham until the period of the judges; which is historically correct, the word "about" showing that chronological exactness was not aimed at. But taking the sense to be as in our version, that it was the period of the judges itself which lasted about four hundred fifty years, this statement also will appear historically correct, if we include in it the interval of subjection to foreign powers which occurred during the period of the judges, and understand it to describe the whole period from the settlement of the tribes in Canaan to the establishment of royalty. Thus, from the Exodus to the building of the temple were five hundred ninety-two years [Josephus, Antiquities, 8.3.1]; deduct forty years in the wilderness; twenty-five years of Joshua's rule [Josephus, Antiquities, 5.1.29]; forty years of Saul's reign (Ac 13:2); forty of David's and the first four years of Solomon's reign (1Ki 6:1), and there remain, just four hundred forty-three years; or, in round numbers, "about four hundred fifty years."13:14-31 When we come together to worship God, we must do it, not only by prayer and praise, but by the reading and hearing of the word of God. The bare reading of the Scriptures in public assemblies is not enough; they should be expounded, and the people exhorted out of them. This is helping people in doing that which is necessary to make the word profitable, to apply it to themselves. Every thing is touched upon in this sermon, which might best prevail with Jews to receive and embrace Christ as the promised Messiah. And every view, however short or faint, of the Lord's dealings with his church, reminds us of his mercy and long-suffering, and of man's ingratitude and perverseness. Paul passes from David to the Son of David, and shows that this Jesus is his promised Seed; a Saviour to do that for them, which the judges of old could not do, to save them from their sins, their worst enemies. When the apostles preached Christ as the Saviour, they were so far from concealing his death, that they always preached Christ crucified. Our complete separation from sin, is represented by our being buried with Christ. But he rose again from the dead, and saw no corruption: this was the great truth to be preached.
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