John 13:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already prompted Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus.

New Living Translation
It was time for supper, and the devil had already prompted Judas, son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus.

English Standard Version
During supper, when the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him,

Berean Study Bible
The evening meal was underway, and the devil had already put into the heart of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus.

Berean Literal Bible
And supper taking place, the devil already having put into the heart of Judas son of Simon Iscariot that he should betray Him,

New American Standard Bible
During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him,

King James Bible
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now by the time of supper, the Devil had already put it into the heart of Judas, Simon Iscariot's son, to betray Him.

International Standard Version
By supper time, the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray him.

NET Bible
The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, that he should betray Jesus.

New Heart English Bible
And during the meal, the devil had already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when it was supper he cast Satan into the heart of Yehuda son of Shimeon Scariota, so that he would betray him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While supper was taking place, the devil had already put the idea of betraying Jesus into the mind of Judas, son of Simon Iscariot.

New American Standard 1977
And during supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him,

King James 2000 Bible
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

American King James Version
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

American Standard Version
And during supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's'son , to betray him,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when supper was done, (the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray him,)

Darby Bible Translation
And during supper, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas [son] of Simon, Iscariote, that he should deliver him up,

English Revised Version
And during supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him,

Webster's Bible Translation
And supper being ended (the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;)

Weymouth New Testament
While supper was proceeding, the Devil having by this time suggested to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, the thought of betraying Him, Jesus,

World English Bible
During supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him,

Young's Literal Translation
And supper being come, the devil already having put it into the heart of Judas of Simon, Iscariot, that he may deliver him up,
Study Bible
Jesus Washes His Disciples' Feet
1It was now just before the Passover Feast, and Jesus knew that His hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father. Having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the very end. 2The evening meal was underway, and the devil had already put into the heart of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus. 3Jesus knew that the Father had delivered all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was returning to God.…
Cross References
Matthew 10:4
Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus.

Luke 22:3
Then Satan entered Judas Iscariot, who was one of the Twelve.

John 6:70
Jesus answered them, "Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!"

John 6:71
He was speaking about Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. For although Judas was one of the Twelve, he was later to betray Jesus.

John 13:11
For He knew who would betray Him. That is why He said, "Not all of you are clean."

John 13:27
After Judas took the piece of bread, Satan entered into him. Then Jesus said to Judas, "What you are about to do, do quickly."

Acts 5:3
Then Peter said, "Ananias, how is it that Satan has filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and withhold some of the proceeds from the land?
Treasury of Scripture

And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

supper.

John 13:4,26 He rises from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, …

the devil.

John 13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus to him, …

John 6:70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

Luke 22:3,31 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number …

Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to …

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the …

put.

Ezra 7:27 Blessed be the LORD God of our fathers, which has put such a thing …

Nehemiah 2:12 And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me; neither told …

2 Corinthians 8:16 But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart …

James 1:13-17 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot …

Revelation 17:17 For God has put in their hearts to fulfill his will, and to agree, …

(2) And supper being ended.--The reading here is uncertain, but neither reading justifies our translation. It should probably be, "And it now becoming supper time." As a matter of fact, the supper was not ended (John 13:12; John 13:26); but they had already reclined, and were, as we say, ready for supper.

The devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot.--The better reading is, The devil having now put it into the heart, that Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, should betray Him. But the sense must be that of our version, "The heart of Judas" (the devil having suggested). The alternative interpretation, "the heart of the devil" (the devil having conceived) is opposed to all scriptural analogy. For the fact, comp. Notes on Matthew 26:14, and Luke 22:3.

For "Judas Iscariot," comp. Notes on Matthew 10:4; Matthew 26:14. The name is given here in the sad fulness of this mournful record. The fact is recorded hero to explain the references to Judas which follow in our Lord's words (John 13:10; John 13:18; John 13:21; John 13:26-27; John 13:30).

Verse 2. - A supper having commenced; or, being then in progress - without doubt the meal in which our Lord terminated the Old Testament dispensation and introduced the New, and which John discriminates, therefore, from the Passover proper referred to in ver. 1. The evangelist now reverts to the diabolic design which had been injected into the heart of Judas. The devil having already cast into the heart (of Judas) that he - Meyer's suggestion that the devil put this design into his own heart, does not lighten the construction, and encumbers the passage with ideas which are foreign to the Bible - (even) Judas, (the son) of Simon, the Iscariot, should betray him. The idea came from the devil, but the purpose of the devil was not irrevocable. The evangelist looked through his tears of love to the traitor's face as he sat at meat, and felt how the very excess and uttermost and hyperbole of love was reached and scaled by the contact between the treachery of the one and the Divine humiliation of the other. The contrast between these two mental states is one of the most striking antitheses in the Gospel. But how should John know that Judas had already plotted the betrayal of his Master? Hengstenberg makes the wise suggestion that the fourth evangelist was acquainted with the synoptic tradition of the priority of Judas's bargain with the chief priests (Matthew 26:14-16; Mark 14:10, 11; Luke 22:3-6). And supper being ended,.... Or rather "supper being", or it "being supper time", for it was not ended; not the paschal supper, nor the Lord's supper, but the supper in Simon's house at Bethany, two days before the passover. There is no mention made in this whole chapter of the passover supper, or of any of its rites: the washing of the disciples' feet was a peculiar action of our Lord's, and had no manner of regard to any usage among the Jews at such a time; nor was it ever usual with them, at the passover, to wash the feet of those that ate of it; there is not the least trace of any such custom in any of their writings: besides, it is said in so many words, in John 13:1, that this was "before the feast of the passover"; and by comparing it with Matthew 26:2, it appears to be two days before it; and so much time seems necessary to be allowed, for Judas to do what he did after this supper, in which he was first instigated to it: and that the feast of the passover was yet to come, when this supper was ended, and Judas had taken the sop, and was bid to do quickly what he did, is manifest from the sense the disciples put upon those words of Christ, who thought he ordered him to get the necessaries for the feast, John 13:29, which can be understood of no other than the feast of the passover, which was at hand, and for which many things were to be got ready; to which may be added, that Satan's entering into Judas, and putting it into his heart to betray his master, and his covenanting with the high priests to do it for such a sum, were before the passover supper, as is clear from Luke 22:1. Nor is it reasonable to suppose that Judas could meet that night, after the supper, with the chief priests, captains, and all the council, the great sanhedrim, who could not be together; since by the law of the passover, every head of a family was to be with his respective family: and if this could be supposed, yet there seems to be some time between this agreement, and the execution of it, in which he sought for a proper opportunity, Matthew 26:16. Nor can it be thought there was time enough to do all he did, as to covenant with the chief priests, form his scheme for apprehending Christ, and get such a number of men together for that purpose, between the supper, and the time of night in which Christ was betrayed. Besides, certain it is, that Christ and his disciples arose from the place where he ate his supper, and went from thence elsewhere, John 14:31, which cannot be understood very well of any other departure than his going from Bethany to Jerusalem, and not of his going from Jerusalem to the garden, which is afterwards spoken of as a distinct thing, John 18:1. And to say no more, there is not in this chapter the least hint of the institution of the Lord's supper, which all the other evangelists make mention of, when they relate the last passover of our Lord. The reader may be more fully satisfied of the truth of this by consulting Dr. Lightfoot on Matthew 26:6.

The devil having now put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him; the person Satan influenced and acted upon, for his purpose, was Judas iscariot, Simon's son: whether this was Simon the Pharisee, or Simon the leper, in whose house Christ and his disciples were, or who he was, is not certain: was there any reason to think it might be Simon the tanner that was the father of Judas, or that either he or his father were tanners, I would venture to add one conjecture more to what has been made on Matthew 10:4, concerning Judas's surname, Iscariot, as that it may come from "Iscortia", which signifies a tanner's coat: for so it is said in the (q) Talmud,

"what is "Iscortia?" says Rabba bar Chanah, it is , "a tanner's coat":''

a sort of a leathern garment, as the gloss says, which tanners put over their clothes. However, this man was an apostle of Christ's whom Satan tempted to betray him; so that we see that the highest office, and greatest gifts, cannot secure men from the temptations of Satan: the manner in which he tempted him was, he "put", or "cast it into his heart"; it was a dart, and a fiery one, he threw into him, into his very heart; which shows the access Satan has into, and the influence he has upon the minds of men: his end in this temptation was to work upon him "to betray" Christ, his Lord and master, who had chosen him to be an apostle of his, and had invested him with this high office, into the hands of his enemies, in order to be put to death. This was an affair determined by God, known by Christ, and which he foretold to his disciples; yet all this did not in the least excuse the malice of Satan, and the wickedness of Judas: it was an action devilish indeed, and which, one would think, could never have entered into his heart, had not the devil put it there; and this was at supper time, whilst they were at table together, that this thought was darted into his mind; which is mentioned to show, that no place and company can preserve persons from the evil suggestions of the devil, and to aggravate the sin of Judas, who when, and while he was eating bread with Christ, first thought of, and determined to lift up his heel against him: moreover, it was when the ointment was poured on the head of Christ, and whilst Judas was fretting at it, that Satan took the opportunity of his choler and wrath, to stir him up to so vile an action. This account is prefaced to Christ's washing the feet of his disciples, to show the great composure of mind Christ was in, though he knew what was doing; and his wonderful condescension in washing the feet of so vile a creature, into whose heart Satan had already put it to betray him; and also his care of, and love to the rest of the disciples, when Satan had got possession of one of them.

(q) T. Bab. Nedarim, fol. 55. 2. Vid. Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Celim. c. 16. sect. 4. & Oholot, c. 8. sect. 1.2. supper being ended—rather, "being prepared," "being served," or, "going on"; for that it was not "ended" is plain from Joh 13:26.

the devil having now—or, "already."

put into the heart of Judas … to betray him—referring to the agreement he had already made with the chief priests (Lu 22:3-6).13:1-17 Our Lord Jesus has a people in the world that are his own; he has purchased them, and paid dear for them, and he has set them apart for himself; they devote themselves to him as a peculiar people. Those whom Christ loves, he loves to the end. Nothing can separate a true believer from the love of Christ. We know not when our hour will come, therefore what we have to do in constant preparation for it, ought never to be undone. What way of access the devil has to men's hearts we cannot tell. But some sins are so exceedingly sinful, and there is so little temptation to them from the world and the flesh, that it is plain they are directly from Satan. Jesus washed his disciples' feet, that he might teach us to think nothing below us, wherein we may promote God's glory, and the good of our brethren. We must address ourselves to duty, and must lay aside every thing that would hinder us in what we have to do. Christ washed his disciples' feet, that he might signify to them the value of spiritual washing, and the cleansing of the soul from the pollutions of sin. Our Lord Jesus does many things of which even his own disciples do not for the present know the meaning, but they shall know afterward. We see in the end what was the kindness from events which seemed most cross. And it is not humility, but unbelief, to put away the offers of the gospel, as if too rich to be made to us, or too good news to be true. All those, and those only, who are spiritually washed by Christ, have a part in Christ. All whom Christ owns and saves, he justifies and sanctifies. Peter more than submits; he begs to be washed by Christ. How earnest he is for the purifying grace of the Lord Jesus, and the full effect of it, even upon his hands and head! Those who truly desire to be sanctified, desire to be sanctified throughout, to have the whole man, with all its parts and powers, made pure. The true believer is thus washed when he receives Christ for his salvation. See then what ought to be the daily care of those who through grace are in a justified state, and that is, to wash their feet; to cleanse themselves from daily guilt, and to watch against everything defiling. This should make us the more cautious. From yesterday's pardon, we should be strengthened against this day's temptation. And when hypocrites are discovered, it should be no surprise or cause of stumbling to us. Observe the lesson Christ here taught. Duties are mutual; we must both accept help from our brethren, and afford help to our brethren. When we see our Master serving, we cannot but see how ill it becomes us to domineer. And the same love which led Christ to ransom and reconcile his disciples when enemies, still influences him.
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