Matthew 10:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

New Living Translation
Simon (the zealot), Judas Iscariot (who later betrayed him).

English Standard Version
Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

New American Standard Bible
Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.

King James Bible
Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

International Standard Version
Simon the Cananaean and Judas Iscariot, who later betrayed Jesus.

NET Bible
Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Shimeon The Zealot, and Yehuda Skariota, he who betrayed him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who later betrayed Jesus.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Simon the Canaanite and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

King James 2000 Bible
Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

American King James Version
Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

American Standard Version
Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Simon the Cananean, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Darby Bible Translation
Simon the Cananaean, and Judas the Iscariote, who also delivered him up.

English Revised Version
Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Weymouth New Testament
Simon the Cananaean, and Judas the Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

World English Bible
Simon the Canaanite; and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Young's Literal Translation
Simon the Cananite, and Judas Iscariot, who did also deliver him up.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1-4 The word apostle signifies messenger; they were Christ's messengers, sent forth to proclaim his kingdom. Christ gave them power to heal all manner of sickness. In the grace of the gospel there is a slave for every sore, a remedy for every malady. There is no spiritual disease, but there is power in Christ for the cure of it. There names are recorded, and it is their honour; yet they had more reason to rejoice that their names were written in heaven, while the high and mighty names of the great ones of the earth are buried in the dust.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - Simon the Canaanite. Simon the Cananaean (Revised Version); ὁ Καναναῖος (cf. Φαρισαῖος Σαδδουκαῖος, vide Bishop Lightfoot's 'Revision,' p. 138, edit. 1871) representing Kann'an or Kan-'an (קנאן), the Aramaic for "Zealot" (parallel passage in Luke 1; Acts 1:13), the name given to members of the extreme nationalist party founded about A.D. by Judas of Gamala, a city that appears to have lain near the east coast of the sea of Galilee (vide Schurer, 1. 2:225). And Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him; delivered him up (Revised Version margin), which seems more in accordance with παραδίδωμι, for, unlike "betray," and usually πμοδίδωμι, this does not in itself connote treachery.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot,.... This is the last couple, for they are all mentioned by pairs, because they were sent forth "by two and two", as the Evangelist Mark says, Mark 6:7. The former of these is called Simon the Canaanite, to distinguish him from Simon Peter, before mentioned; not that he was a Canaanite, that is, an inhabitant of the land of Canaan, a man of Canaan, as a certain woman is called a woman of Canaan, Matthew 15:22 for all the disciples of Christ were Jews; though in Munster's Hebrew Gospel he is called , "Simeon the Canaanite", or of Canaan, as if he belonged to that country; nor is he so called from Cana of Galilee, as Jerorm and others have thought; but he was one of the "Kanaim", or "Zealots"; and therefore Luke styles him, "Simon called Zelotes", Luke 6:15. The Kanaites, or Zelotes, were a set of men, who, in imitation of Phinehas, who slew Zimri and Cozbi in the very act of uncleanness, when they found any persons in the act of adultery, idolatry, blasphemy, or theft, would immediately kill them without any more ado: this they did, from a pretended zeal for the honour and glory of God: nor were they accountable to any court of judicature for it; yea, such an action was highly applauded, as a very laudable one (z): under this specious name of Zealots, innumerable murders, and most horrible wickedness were committed, both before, and during the siege of Jerusalem, as Josephus (a) relates. Now Simon was one of this sect before his conversion, and still retained the name afterwards. Judas, the last of the twelve, is called Iscariot; concerning which name, the notation of it, and the reason of his being so called, many are the conjectures of learned men: some think that he belonged to the tribe of Issachar, and that he is called from thence, , "a man of Issachar", as a certain man is, in Judges 10:1 others, that he takes his name from the place he belonged to, and that he was called , "a man of Kerioth". A place of this name is mentioned, Joshua 15:25 and some manuscripts and copies in some places read Judas , of "Caryot". Caryota is said (b) to be a plain of the city of Jericho, about eighteen miles from Jerusalem, which abounded in palm trees, called "Caryotae", of which mention is made in the (c) Talmud, and other writers (d). Others think he is so called, from the Syriac word, "secariota", which signifies a "purse", or bag, because he carried the bag. Some copies read it, "scariotes": others are of opinion, that he is so called, from the manner of death he died, which was strangling: for "ascara", a word often used in the (e) Talmudic writings, signifies "strangling"; and is accounted by the Jews the hardest of deaths, and an evil one; and which seems to bid fair for the true reason of his name: however, it is mentioned here, as elsewhere, to distinguish him from Jude, or Judas, the true and faithful apostle of Christ; for this was he,

who also betrayed him; that is, Christ, as the Persic version reads it; and which is mentioned, not only for further distinction's sake, but to his great reproach. We learn from hence, that in the purest society on earth there has been an impure person; nor can it therefore be expected it should be otherwise in the best of churches, in the present state of imperfection; yea, that a man may have the highest gifts and attainments, as Judas had, ministerial gifts, and power of performing miracles, and yet be a vile person.

(z) Misn. Sanhedrim, c. 9. sect. 6. & Bartenora, in ib. T. Avoda Zara, fol. 36. 2. Maimon. Issure Bia, c. 12. sect. 4, 5, 6. 14. & Sanhedrim, c. 18. sect. 6. & Obede Cochabim, c. 2. sect. 9. Philo de Monarchia, l. 1. p. 818. (a) De Bello Jud. l. 5. c. 1, 2. & 6. 1. Vid. Abot R. Nathan, c. 6. fol. 3. 2. (b) Vid. Wolfi Heb. Bibl. p. 410. (c) T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 50. 2. & Avoda Zara, fol. 14. 2.((d) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 13. c. 4. (e) T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 8. 1. & Sabbat, fol. 33. 1. Sota, fol. 35. 1. Pesachim, fol. 105. 1. Taanith, fol. 19. 2. & 27. 2. Yebamot, fol. 62. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. Simon the Canaanite—rather "Kananite," but better still, "the Zealot," as he is called in Lu 6:15, where the original term should not have been retained as in our version ("Simon, called Zelotes"), but rendered "Simon, called the Zealot." The word "Kananite" is just the Aramaic, or Syro-Chaldaic, term for "Zealot." Probably before his acquaintance with Jesus, he belonged to the sect of the Zealots, who bound themselves, as a sort of voluntary ecclesiastical police, to see that the law was not broken with impunity.

and Judas Iscariot—that is, Judas of Kerioth, a town of Judah (Jos 15:25); so called to distinguish him from "Judas the brother of James" (Lu 6:16).

who also betrayed him—a note of infamy attached to his name in all the catalogues of the Twelve.

Matthew 10:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Twelve Apostles
3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; 4Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.
Cross References
Matthew 26:2
"As you know, the Passover is two days away--and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified."

Matthew 26:14
Then one of the Twelve--the one called Judas Iscariot--went to the chief priests

Matthew 26:15
and asked, "What are you willing to give me if I deliver him over to you?" So they counted out for him thirty pieces of silver.

Luke 22:3
Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve.

John 6:64
Yet there are some of you who do not believe." For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him.

John 6:71
(He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, who, though one of the Twelve, was later to betray him.)

John 13:2
The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already prompted Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus.

John 13:26
Jesus answered, "It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish." Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.
Treasury of Scripture

Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Simon.

Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, …

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Simon Zelotes.

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where …

and.

Matthew 26:14,47 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests…

Matthew 27:3 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, …

Mark 3:19 And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed him: and they went into an house.

Mark 14:10,43 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests, …

Luke 6:16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

Luke 22:3,47 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number …

John 6:71 He spoke of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should …

John 13:2,26-30 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of …

John 18:2-5 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus often …

Acts 1:16-20,25 Men and brothers, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled…

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