Joshua 9:3
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New International Version
However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

New Living Translation
But when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

English Standard Version
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

New American Standard Bible
When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

King James Bible
And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

Christian Standard Bible
When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

Contemporary English Version
The people of Gibeon had also heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai.

Good News Translation
But the people of Gibeon, who were Hivites, heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

International Standard Version
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

NET Bible
When the residents of Gibeon heard what Joshua did to Jericho and Ai,

New Heart English Bible
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the people living in Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

JPS Tanakh 1917
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

New American Standard 1977
When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

King James 2000 Bible
And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

American King James Version
And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

American Standard Version
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they that dwelt in Gabaon, hearing all that Josue had done to Jericho and Hai:

Darby Bible Translation
And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

English Revised Version
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

World English Bible
But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

Young's Literal Translation
And the inhabitants of Gibeon have heard that which Joshua hath done to Jericho and to Ai,
Study Bible
The Deceit of the Gibeonites
2that they gathered themselves together with one accord to fight with Joshua and with Israel. 3When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai, 4they also acted craftily and set out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and mended,…
Cross References
Joshua 6:27
So the LORD was with Joshua, and his fame was in all the land.

Joshua 9:4
they also acted craftily and set out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and mended,

Joshua 9:17
Then the sons of Israel set out and came to their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon and Chephirah and Beeroth and Kiriath-jearim.

Joshua 9:22
Then Joshua called for them and spoke to them, saying, "Why have you deceived us, saying, 'We are very far from you,' when you are living within our land?

Joshua 10:2
that he feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.

Joshua 11:19
There was not a city which made peace with the sons of Israel except the Hivites living in Gibeon; they took them all in battle.

Joshua 21:17
From the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with its pasture lands, Geba with its pasture lands,

2 Samuel 21:2
So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them (now the Gibeonites were not of the sons of Israel but of the remnant of the Amorites, and the sons of Israel made a covenant with them, but Saul had sought to kill them in his zeal for the sons of Israel and Judah).

Jeremiah 28:1
Now in the same year, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year, in the fifth month, Hananiah the son of Azzur, the prophet, who was from Gibeon, spoke to me in the house of the LORD in the presence of the priests and all the people, saying,
Treasury of Scripture

And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai,

Gibeon

Joshua 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came to their cities on …

Joshua 10:2 That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one …

2 Samuel 21:1,2 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

Jericho

Joshua 6:1-27 Now Jericho was straightly shut up because of the children of Israel: …

Joshua 8:1-35 And the LORD said to Joshua, Fear not, neither be you dismayed: take …

THE GIBEONITES MAKE PEACE WITH JOSHUA (Joshua 9:3-27).

(3) The inhabitants of Gibeon.--Hivites, as appears by Joshua 9:7. Gibeon was one member of a tetrapolis, or community of four cities, as is seen in Joshua 9:17. Their deception of Joshua and the Israelites on this occasion is a curious compensation for what was done by Simeon and Levi to the Hivites long before, when Jacob first came to Shechem from Padan-Aram (see Genesis 34). On that occasion, the inhabitants of a single city of the Hivites were put to the sword by Israel, by means of a stratagem; on this occasion, a stratagem saved four Hivite cities from destruction by Israel's sword.

Verse 3. - The inhabitants of Gibeon. That is, of a confederation of cities (see ver. 17), of which Gibeon was the head. Gibeon was a city of some importance (Joshua 10:2). Though it was for size and importance "as one of the royal cities," we hear nothing of a king there. Hengstenberg, in his history, describes it (p. 227) as "eine freie Stadt," with daughter cities dependent on it. In fact, the Phoenician cities (see Introduction) seem to have had as great a variety of constitution as those of ancient Greece. Its inhabitants were Hivites (ver. 7, and Joshua 11:19). Its name (compare Gibeah and גִבְעָה a hill) signifies hill city, like the termination dunum in Latin, as Lugdunum, or Lyons; dune in Anglo-Saxon, as Ethandune. Compare also Dunkirk. Robinson, in his 'Biblical Researches,' 2:135-9, identifies it with el-Jib, a village on an eminence in the midst of a fertile plain, where the remains of large buildings may still be seen. (So Vandevelde and Condor.) "Onely the Hivites are wiser than their fellowes, and will rather yeeld and live. Their intelligence was not diverse from the rest; all had equally heard of the miraculous conduct and successe of Israel; but their resolution was diverse. As Rahab saved her family in the midst of Jericho, so these foure cities preserved themselves in the midst of Canaan; and both of them by beleeving what God would do. The efficacie of God's marvellous works is not in the acts themselves, but in our apprehension" (Bp. Hall). And when the inhabitants of Gibeon,.... A large and royal city, a metropolitan one, which had three others belonging to it, and under it, mentioned Joshua 9:17; see Joshua 10:2; no mention is made of any king over them, perhaps they were governed by elders, Joshua 9:11. Though an Arabic writer (h) says, the king of Gibeon wrote to Joshua, and desired security, and sent him large gifts, whom having preserved in safety, Joshua placed on his throne: when these

heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai; had taken the one in a miraculous way, and the other by a stratagem, and had burnt them both, destroyed the inhabitants, plundered their substance, and slew both their kings, all which struck them with terror.

(h) Patricides, p. 30. apud Hottinger. Smegm. Oriental. l. 1. c. 8. p. 507. Jos 9:3-15. The Gibeonites Obtain a League by Craft.

3-15. when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard—This town, as its name imports, was situated on a rocky eminence, about six miles northwest from Jerusalem, where the modern village of El Jib now stands. It was the capital of the Hivites, and a large important city (Jos 10:2). It seems to have formed, in union with a few other towns in the neighborhood, a free independent state (Jos 9:17) and to have enjoyed a republican government (Jos 9:11).9:3-13 Other people heard these tidings, and were driven thereby to make war upon Israel; but the Gibeonites were led to make peace with them. Thus the discovery of the glory and the grace of God in the gospel, is to some a savour of life unto life, but to others a savour of death unto death, 2Co 2:16. The same sun softens wax and hardens clay. The falsehood of the Gibeonites cannot be justified. We must not do evil that good may themselves to the God of Israel, we have reason to think Joshua would have been directed by the oracle of God to spare their lives. But when they had once said, We are come from a far country, they were led to say it made of skins, and their clothes: one lie brings on another, and that a third, and so on. The way of that sin is especially down-hill. Yet their faith and prudence are to be commended. In submitting to Israel they submitted to the God of Israel, which implied forsaking their idolatries. And how can we do better than cast ourselves upon the mercy of a God of all goodness? The way to avoid judgment is to meet it by repentance. Let us do like these Gibeonites, seek peace with God in the rags of abasement, and godly sorrow; so our sin shall not be our ruin. Let us be servants to Jesus, our blessed Joshua, and we shall live.
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