Numbers 25:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
While Israel was staying in Shittim, the men began to indulge in sexual immorality with Moabite women,

New Living Translation
While the Israelites were camped at Acacia Grove, some of the men defiled themselves by having sexual relations with local Moabite women.

English Standard Version
While Israel lived in Shittim, the people began to whore with the daughters of Moab.

New American Standard Bible
While Israel remained at Shittim, the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab.

King James Bible
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
While Israel was staying in the Acacia Grove, the people began to have sexual relations with the women of Moab.

International Standard Version
While Israel remained encamped in Shittim, the people began to commit sexual immorality with Moabite women,

NET Bible
When Israel lived in Shittim, the people began to commit sexual immorality with the daughters of Moab.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While Israel was staying at Shittim, the men began to have sex with Moabite women

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to fornicate with the daughters of Moab,

King James 2000 Bible
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit harlotry with the daughters of Moab.

American King James Version
And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution with the daughters of Moab.

American Standard Version
And Israel abode in Shittim; and the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Israel at that time abode in Settim, and the people committed fornication with the daughters of Moab,

Darby Bible Translation
And Israel abode in Shittim; and the people began to commit fornication with the daughters of Moab.

English Revised Version
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit lewdness with the daughters of Moab.

World English Bible
Israel stayed in Shittim; and the people began to play the prostitute with the daughters of Moab:

Young's Literal Translation
And Israel dwelleth in Shittim, and the people begin to go a-whoring unto daughters of Moab,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

25:1-5 The friendship of the wicked is more dangerous than their enmity; for none can prevail against God's people if they are not overcome by their inbred lusts; nor can any enchantment hurt them, but the enticements of worldly interests and pleasures. Here is the sin of Israel, to which they are enticed by the daughters of Moab and Midian. Those are our worst enemies who draw us to sin, for that is the greatest mischief any man can do us. Israel's sin did that which all Balaam's enchantments could not do; it set God against them. Diseases are the fruits of God's anger, and the just punishments of prevailing sins; one infection follows the other. Ringleaders in sin ought to be made examples of justice.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Abode in Shittim. For a considerable time; from their first arrival in the Arboth Moab until the crossing of the Jordan. Shittim is the shortened form of Abel-Shittim, "Field of Acacias" (Numbers 33:49). It seems to have been the northernmost part of the last encampment of Israel on that side Jordan, and the head-quarters of the host (Joshua 2:1; Joshua 3:1). Began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. This commencement of sin seems to have been made by Israel without special provocation. The very victories won, and the comparative ease and affluence now enjoyed, after long marches and hardships, may well have predisposed them to this sin, for which they now for the first time found abundant opportunity.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Israel abode in Shittim,.... A place in the plains of Moab, so called from the shittim wood, which grew here in great abundance, so often mentioned in the building of the tabernacle; which was a sort of white thorn, or rather the acacia tree, since there was scarcely any thing else grew in the deserts of Arabia; see Gill on Exodus 25:5 its full name was Abelshittim, Numbers 33:49, here the Israelites abode even to the death of Moses, for this was their last station in the wilderness; they were now on the borders of the land of Canaan, and just ready to enter into it, which is an aggravation of the sins they here fell into, and are next observed:

and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab; and of Midian also, as appears from Numbers 25:6 by the advice of Balaam, the Moabites and Midianites found ways and means to become familiar with the Israelites, and to introduce their daughters into their company and conversation, and being ensnared and enamoured with them, they were drawn to commit lewdness with them, and hereby were led on to commit other abominations, which brought the divine displeasure upon them; so that what they dared not attempt by war, and could not effect by sorceries and divinations, they accomplished by those iniquitous arts, namely, bringing the wrath, the curse, and plague of God upon them.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 25

Nu 25:1-18. The Israelites' Whoredom and Idolatry with Moab.

1. Israel abode in Shittim—a verdant meadow, so called from a grove of acacia trees which lined the eastern side of the Jordan. (See Nu 33:49).

Numbers 25:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Baal Worship at Peor
1While Israel remained at Shittim, the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab. 2For they invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:8
We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did--and in one day twenty-three thousand of them died.

Revelation 2:14
Nevertheless, I have a few things against you: There are some among you who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin so that they ate food sacrificed to idols and committed sexual immorality.

Exodus 34:15
"Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices.

Numbers 25:17
"Treat the Midianites as enemies and kill them.

Numbers 31:2
"Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people."

Numbers 31:16
"They were the ones who followed Balaam's advice and enticed the Israelites to be unfaithful to the LORD in the Peor incident, so that a plague struck the LORD's people.

Numbers 33:49
There on the plains of Moab they camped along the Jordan from Beth Jeshimoth to Abel Shittim.

Deuteronomy 3:29
So we stayed in the valley near Beth Peor.

Deuteronomy 4:3
You saw with your own eyes what the LORD did at Baal Peor. The LORD your God destroyed from among you everyone who followed the Baal of Peor,

Deuteronomy 32:38
the gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up to help you! Let them give you shelter!

Joshua 2:1
Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. "Go, look over the land," he said, "especially Jericho." So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.

Joshua 22:17
Was not the sin of Peor enough for us? Up to this very day we have not cleansed ourselves from that sin, even though a plague fell on the community of the LORD!

Jeremiah 40:11
When all the Jews in Moab, Ammon, Edom and all the other countries heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant in Judah and had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, as governor over them,

Ezekiel 20:21
"'But the children rebelled against me: They did not follow my decrees, they were not careful to keep my laws, of which I said, "The person who obeys them will live by them," and they desecrated my Sabbaths. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in the wilderness.

Hosea 9:10
"When I found Israel, it was like finding grapes in the desert; when I saw your ancestors, it was like seeing the early fruit on the fig tree. But when they came to Baal Peor, they consecrated themselves to that shameful idol and became as vile as the thing they loved.

Micah 6:5
My people, remember what Balak king of Moab plotted and what Balaam son of Beor answered. Remember your journey from Shittim to Gilgal, that you may know the righteous acts of the LORD."
Treasury of Scripture

And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution with the daughters of Moab.

bowed

Exodus 20:5 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the …

Exodus 23:24 You shall not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after …

Joshua 23:7,16 That you come not among these nations, these that remain among you; …

1 Kings 19:18 Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which …

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