Numbers 5:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'If a man's wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him

New Living Translation
"Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. "Suppose a man's wife goes astray, and she is unfaithful to her husband

English Standard Version
“Speak to the people of Israel, If any man’s wife goes astray and breaks faith with him,

New American Standard Bible
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'If any man's wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him,

King James Bible
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Speak to the Israelites and tell them: If any man's wife goes astray, is unfaithful to him,

International Standard Version
"Instruct the Israelis what to do if a man's wife turns astray so that she unfaithfully acts against him,

NET Bible
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them, 'If any man's wife goes astray and behaves unfaithfully toward him,

New Heart English Bible
"Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them: If any man's wife goes astray, and is unfaithful to him,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: A man's wife may have been unfaithful to him

JPS Tanakh 1917
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: If any man's wife go aside, and act unfaithfully against him,

New American Standard 1977
“Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘If any man’s wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Speak unto the sons of Israel and say unto them, If any man's wife goes astray and betrays him,

King James 2000 Bible
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

American King James Version
Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

American Standard Version
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man whose wife shall have gone astray, and contemning her husband,

Darby Bible Translation
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go astray, and commit unfaithfulness against him,

English Revised Version
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Webster's Bible Translation
Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man's wife shall go astray, and commit a trespass against him,

World English Bible
"Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them: 'If any man's wife goes astray, and is unfaithful to him,

Young's Literal Translation
'Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, When any man's wife turneth aside, and hath committed against him a trespass,
Study Bible
The Adultery Test
11Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 12"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'If any man's wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him, 13and a man has intercourse with her and it is hidden from the eyes of her husband and she is undetected, although she has defiled herself, and there is no witness against her and she has not been caught in the act,…
Cross References
Numbers 5:11
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Numbers 5:19
The priest shall have her take an oath and shall say to the woman, "If no man has lain with you and if you have not gone astray into uncleanness, being under the authority of your husband, be immune to this water of bitterness that brings a curse;

Numbers 5:20
if you, however, have gone astray, being under the authority of your husband, and if you have defiled yourself and a man other than your husband has had intercourse with you"

Numbers 5:29
This is the law of jealousy: when a wife, being under the authority of her husband, goes astray and defiles herself,

Deuteronomy 24:1
"When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house,
Treasury of Scripture

Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Numbers 5:19,20 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say to the woman, …

Proverbs 2:16,17 To deliver you from the strange woman, even from the stranger which …

Verse 12. - If any man's wife... commit a trespass against him. The adultery of the wife is here regarded only from a social point of view; the injury to the husband, the destruction of his peace of mind, even by the bare suspicion, and the consequent troubling of Israel, is the thing dwelt upon. The punishment of adultery as a sin had been already prescribed (Leviticus 20:10). Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them,.... It being an affair which concerned them:

if any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him; the sin of adultery, which is a going aside out of the way of virtue and chastity, and a trespass against an husband, a breach of the marriage covenant with him, a defiling his bed, doing an injury and dishonour to him, bringing confusion into his family, and a spurious offspring to possess his substance: though this is to be understood, not of certain adultery, of which there is plain and full proof, for then there would be no occasion of such a trial, as is afterwards directed to; besides, her husband, in such a case, might put her away, and even, according to the law, she was to be put to death, Leviticus 20:10; but of her having committed it in the opinion of her husband, he having some ground of suspicion, though he could not be certain of it; and therefore, by this law, was allowed to make trial, that he might find it out, it at present only a suspected case, and a doubtful one; and the Jews (k) say,"they never gave the waters drink but in a doubtful case:''and so this may interpreted of her declining and departing from her husband's house, not keeping at home to mind the affairs of her family, but gadding abroad, and keeping company with another man, or other men; and that after she had been warned and charged by her husband to the contrary, and so had disobeyed him, and acted contrary to his will; and in that sense had committed a trespass, and so had given him suspicion of her unchastity, for which he might have some reason; if, as it is said in the Misnah (l), he gave her an admonition before two witnesses, saying, have no talk with such a man, and yet she talks with him; or, as the commentators add (m), be not secretly or in private with such an one, and yet goes into a private place with him, and stays so long with him that she may be defiled; this with them rendered her suspected.

(k) Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 9. fol. 195. 2.((l) Sotah, c. 1. sect. 1, 2.((m) Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Bava Kama, c. 9. sect. 11. 12-15. if any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him—This law was given both as a strong discouragement to conjugal infidelity on the part of a wife, and a sufficient protection of her from the consequences of a hasty and groundless suspicion on the part of the husband. His suspicions, however, were sufficient in the absence of witnesses (Le 20:10) to warrant the trial described; and the course of proceeding to be followed was for the jealous husband to bring his wife unto the priest with an offering of barley meal, because none were allowed to approach the sanctuary empty handed (Ex 23:15). On other occasions, there were mingled with the offering, oil which signified joy, and frankincense which denoted acceptance (Ps 141:2). But on the occasion referred to, both these ingredients were to be excluded, partly because it was a solemn appeal to God in distressing circumstances, and partly because it was a sin offering on the part of the wife, who came before God in the character of a real or suspected offender.5:11-31 This law would make the women of Israel watch against giving cause for suspicion. On the other hand, it would hinder the cruel treatment such suspicions might occasion. It would also hinder the guilty from escaping, and the innocent from coming under just suspicion. When no proof could be brought, the wife was called on to make this solemn appeal to a heart-searching God. No woman, if she were guilty, could say Amen to the adjuration, and drink the water after it, unless she disbelieved the truth of God, or defied his justice. The water is called the bitter water, because it caused the curse. Thus sin is called an evil and a bitter thing. Let all that meddle with forbidden pleasures, know that they will be bitterness in the latter end. From the whole learn, 1. Secret sins are known to God, and sometimes are strangely brought to light in this life; and that there is a day coming when God will, by Christ, judge the secrets of men according to the gospel, Ro 2:16. 2 In particular, Whoremongers and adulterers God will surely judge. Though we have not now the waters of jealousy, yet we have God's word, which ought to be as great a terror. Sensual lusts will end in bitterness. 3. God will manifest the innocency of the innocent. The same providence is for good to some, and for hurt to others. And it will answer the purposes which God intends.
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