Numbers 31:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people."

New Living Translation
"On behalf of the people of Israel, take revenge on the Midianites for leading them into idolatry. After that, you will die and join your ancestors."

English Standard Version
“Avenge the people of Israel on the Midianites. Afterward you shall be gathered to your people.”

New American Standard Bible
"Take full vengeance for the sons of Israel on the Midianites; afterward you will be gathered to your people."

King James Bible
Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Execute vengeance for the Israelites against the Midianites. After that, you will be gathered to your people."

International Standard Version
"Be sure to exact vengeance on behalf of the Israelis from the Midianites, after which you'll be taken home to your people."

NET Bible
"Exact vengeance for the Israelites on the Midianites--after that you will be gathered to your people."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Get even with the Midianites for what they did to the Israelites. After that you will join your ancestors [in death]."

Jubilee Bible 2000
Avenge the sons of Israel upon the Midianites; afterward thou shalt be gathered unto thy peoples.

King James 2000 Bible
Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shall you be gathered unto your people.

American King James Version
Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shall you be gathered to your people.

American Standard Version
Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Revenge first the children of Israel on the Madianites, and so thou shalt be gathered to thy people.

Darby Bible Translation
Avenge the children of Israel upon the Midianites; afterwards shalt thou be gathered unto thy peoples.

English Revised Version
Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered to thy people.

World English Bible
"Avenge the children of Israel for the Midianites. Afterward you shall be gathered to your people."

Young's Literal Translation
'Execute the vengeance of the sons of Israel against the Midianites -- afterwards thou art gathered unto thy people.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:1-6 All who, without commission from God, dare to execute private revenge, and who, from ambition, covetousness, or resentment, wage war and desolate kingdoms, must one day answer for it. But if God, instead of sending an earthquake, a pestilence, or a famine, be pleased to authorize and command any people to avenge his cause, such a commission surely is just and right. The Israelites could show such a commission, though no persons now can do so. Their wars were begun and carried on expressly by Divine direction, and they were enabled to conquer by miracles. Unless it can be proved that the wicked Canaanites did not deserve their doom, objectors only prove their dislike to God, and their love to his enemies. Man makes light of the evil of sin, but God abhors it. This explains the terrible executions of the nations which had filled the measure of their sins.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites. The war was to be distinctly one of vengeance on the part of Israel. On the grave moral question which arises out of this war, and of the manner in which it was carried on, see the note at the end of the chapter. Afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people. It is quite possible that Moses himself had been reluctant to order the expedition against Midian, either because it involved so much bloodshed, or, more probably, because he foresaw the difficulty which actually arose about the women of Midian. If so, he was here reminded that his place was to obey, and that his work on earth was not done so long as the Midianites remained unpunished.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites,.... For the injury they had done them, by sending their daughters among them, who enticed them to commit uncleanness with them, and then drew them into the worship of their idols, which brought the wrath of God upon them, and for which 24,000 persons were slain. Now, though the Moabites had a concern in this affair as well as the Midianites, yet they were spared; which some think was for the sake of Lot, from whom they descended; but why not the Midianites for the sake of Abraham, whose offspring they were by Keturah? Jarchi says, they were spared because of Ruth, who was to spring from them; and so she might, and yet vengeance be taken on great numbers of them: but the truer reason seems to be, either because the sin of the Moabites was not yet full, and they were reserved for a later punishment; or rather because they were not the principal actors in the above affair; but the Midianites, who seem to have advised Balak at first to send for Balaam to curse Israel, and who harboured that soothsayer after he had been dismissed by Balak, and to whom he gave his wicked counsel, and which they readily followed, and industriously pursued:

afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people; or die, see Numbers 27:13, it being some satisfaction to him to see the good land, as he did from Abarim, and the Israelites avenged on their enemies before his death.



Numbers 31:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Vengeance on Midian
1Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2"Take full vengeance for the sons of Israel on the Midianites; afterward you will be gathered to your people." 3Moses spoke to the people, saying, "Arm men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian to execute the LORD'S vengeance on Midian.…
Cross References
Numbers 20:24
"Aaron will be gathered to his people. He will not enter the land I give the Israelites, because both of you rebelled against my command at the waters of Meribah.

Numbers 20:26
Remove Aaron's garments and put them on his son Eleazar, for Aaron will be gathered to his people; he will die there."

Numbers 25:1
While Israel was staying in Shittim, the men began to indulge in sexual immorality with Moabite women,

Numbers 25:16
The LORD said to Moses,

Numbers 27:13
After you have seen it, you too will be gathered to your people, as your brother Aaron was,

Numbers 31:1
The LORD said to Moses,
Treasury of Scripture

Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shall you be gathered to your people.

Avenge

Numbers 31:3 And Moses spoke to the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves to …

Numbers 25:17,18 Vex the Midianites, and smite them…

Deuteronomy 32:35 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in …

Judges 16:24,28-30 And when the people saw him, they praised their god: for they said, …

Psalm 94:1-3 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, …

Isaiah 1:24 Therefore said the LORD, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, …

Nahum 1:2 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is …

Luke 21:22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written …

Romans 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place to wrath: …

Romans 13:4 For he is the minister of God to you for good. But if you do that …

1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because …

Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that has said, Vengeance belongs to me, I will recompense, …

Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true…

Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, you heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets; …

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great …

the Midianites

Numbers 25:6,14-18 And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought to his …

Genesis 25:1-4 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah…

Exodus 2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew …

gathered

Numbers 27:13 And when you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your people, …

Genesis 15:15 And you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried in …

Genesis 25:8,17 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old …

Judges 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers: and …

Acts 13:36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of …

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