Numbers 25:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So Israel yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor. And the LORD's anger burned against them.

New Living Translation
In this way, Israel joined in the worship of Baal of Peor, causing the LORD's anger to blaze against his people.

English Standard Version
So Israel yoked himself to Baal of Peor. And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

New American Standard Bible
So Israel joined themselves to Baal of Peor, and the LORD was angry against Israel.

King James Bible
And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Israel aligned itself with Baal of Peor, and the LORD's anger burned against Israel.

International Standard Version
The people joined the Baal-peor cult. As a result, the anger of the LORD flared up against Israel,

NET Bible
When Israel joined themselves to Baal-peor, the anger of the LORD flared up against Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Since the Israelites joined in worshiping the god Baal of Peor, the LORD became angry with Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor; and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
And Israel joined itself unto Baal of Peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

American King James Version
And Israel joined himself to Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

American Standard Version
And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor: and the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Israel was initiated to Beelphegor: upon which the Lord being angry,

Darby Bible Translation
And Israel joined himself to Baal-Peor; and the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel.

English Revised Version
And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Israel joined himself to Baal-peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

World English Bible
Israel joined himself to Baal Peor: and the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
and Israel is joined to Baal-Peor, and the anger of Jehovah burneth against Israel.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

25:1-5 The friendship of the wicked is more dangerous than their enmity; for none can prevail against God's people if they are not overcome by their inbred lusts; nor can any enchantment hurt them, but the enticements of worldly interests and pleasures. Here is the sin of Israel, to which they are enticed by the daughters of Moab and Midian. Those are our worst enemies who draw us to sin, for that is the greatest mischief any man can do us. Israel's sin did that which all Balaam's enchantments could not do; it set God against them. Diseases are the fruits of God's anger, and the just punishments of prevailing sins; one infection follows the other. Ringleaders in sin ought to be made examples of justice.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Israel joined himself unto Baal-Peor. This is a technical phrase, repeated in verse 5, and quoted in Psalm 106:28, expressing the quasi-sacramental union into which they entered with the heathen deity by partaking of his sacrificial meats and by sharing in his impure rites (cf. Hosea 9:10 and the argument of St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 10). There can be little doubt that Peor (פְּעור, from פָעַר, to open) has the sense of aperiens, in usu obsceno, and that it was the distinguishing name of Baal or Chemosh when worshipped as the god of reproduction with the abominable rites proper to this cultus. For a notice of the same thing in the last days of Israel see Hosea 4:14, and for the practice of Babylonian and (to some degree) Egyptian women, see Herodotus, 1:199; 2:60). The Septuagint has here ἐτελέσθη τῷ Βεελφεγώρ, "was consecrated," or "initiated," unto Baal-Peor, which admirably expressed the sense.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor,.... The name of an idol; one of the Baals, Baal being a general name for an idol; and, to distinguish this from other Baals or idols, it was called Peor, either from its opening its mouth in prophecy, as Ainsworth; or from some obscene posture and action used in the worship of it, being, as it is by many thought to be, the same with Priapus; or rather from the mountain Peor, where it was worshipped, as Jupiter is called Jupiter Olympius, Capitolinus, &c. from the mountains where he had a temple, or was worshipped; or from the name of some great personage, called Lord Peor, who was deified after his death; hence these Israelites are said to "eat the sacrifices of the dead", Psalm 106:28. Mr. Bedford (t) takes him to be Mizraim the son of Ham, the Osiris of the Egyptians, and the Priapus of other Heathens: and Father Calmet (u) is of opinion that he is the same with Orus, Osiris, and Adonis; and that Pe is only a prepositive article, and that Or is the name, and no other than Orus; but such a criticism the word will not bear: this idol, the chief god of the Moabites, was, in all probability, the same with Chemosh, who is expressly called the abomination of Moab, 1 Kings 11:7 of whom See Gill on Jeremiah 48:7 so Chemosh and Peor are thought to be the same by our English poet (w): to him the Israelites joined themselves, forsook the true God in a great measure, and were initiated into the rites of this deity, and constantly attended the worship of it, and cleaved unto it with their hearts and directions, and joined with their harlots in all parts of service performed unto it; See Gill on Hosea 9:10,

and the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel; for no sin is more provoking to God than idolatry, that being so directly opposite to his nature, honour, and glory, as well as to his will and worship; and hereby the end of Balaam and Balak was, in a great measure, answered, and Balaam obtained that by his evil counsel which he could not by all his conjuring; this was seen by the plague sent among them; See Gill on Numbers 24:14.

(t) Scripture Chronology, p. 267. (u) Dictionary, on word "Baal". (w) "Next Chemos, the obscene dread of Moab's sons, Peor his other name, -----" Milton, B. 1. l. 406, 412.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor—Baal was a general name for "lord," and Peor for a "mount" in Moab. The real name of the idol was Chemosh, and his rites of worship were celebrated by the grossest obscenity. In participating in this festival, then, the Israelites committed the double offense of idolatry and licentiousness.

Numbers 25:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Baal Worship at Peor
2For they invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. 3So Israel joined themselves to Baal of Peor, and the LORD was angry against Israel. 4The LORD said to Moses, "Take all the leaders of the people and execute them in broad daylight before the LORD, so that the fierce anger of the LORD may turn away from Israel."…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:3
You saw with your own eyes what the LORD did at Baal Peor. The LORD your God destroyed from among you everyone who followed the Baal of Peor,

Psalm 106:28
They yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor and ate sacrifices offered to lifeless gods;

Psalm 106:29
they aroused the LORD's anger by their wicked deeds, and a plague broke out among them.

Hosea 9:10
"When I found Israel, it was like finding grapes in the desert; when I saw your ancestors, it was like seeing the early fruit on the fig tree. But when they came to Baal Peor, they consecrated themselves to that shameful idol and became as vile as the thing they loved.
Treasury of Scripture

And Israel joined himself to Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

all the heads

Numbers 25:14,15,18 Now the name of the Israelite that was slain, even that was slain …

Exodus 18:25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over …

Deuteronomy 4:3 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all …

Joshua 22:17 Is the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not …

Joshua 23:2 And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their …

and hang. Dr. Kennicott remarks, that the Samaritan and Hebrew texts must be united to make the sense of this verse complete: And the Lord said unto Moses, Speak unto all the heads of the people; and let them slay the men that were joined to Baal-peor; and hang them up before the Lord, against the sun.

Deuteronomy 13:6-9,13,15 If your brother, the son of your mother, or your son, or your daughter, …

Deuteronomy 21:23 His body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall in …

2 Samuel 21:6,9 Let seven men of his sons be delivered to us, and we will hang them …

Esther 7:9,10 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold …

that the fierce

Numbers 25:11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, has turned …

Deuteronomy 13:17 And there shall stick nothing of the cursed thing to your hand: that …

Joshua 7:25,26 And Joshua said, Why have you troubled us? the LORD shall trouble …

Psalm 85:3,4 You have taken away all your wrath: you have turned yourself from …

Jonah 3:9 Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his …

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