Isaiah 57:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You burn with lust among the oaks and under every spreading tree; you sacrifice your children in the ravines and under the overhanging crags.

New Living Translation
You worship your idols with great passion beneath the oaks and under every green tree. You sacrifice your children down in the valleys, among the jagged rocks in the cliffs.

English Standard Version
you who burn with lust among the oaks, under every green tree, who slaughter your children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?

New American Standard Bible
Who inflame yourselves among the oaks, Under every luxuriant tree, Who slaughter the children in the ravines, Under the clefts of the crags?

King James Bible
Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clifts of the rocks?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
who burn with lust among the oaks, under every green tree, who slaughter children in the wadis below the clefts of the rocks?

International Standard Version
you who burn with lust among the oaks, under every spreading tree, who slaughter your children in the ravines, under the clefts of the rocks?

NET Bible
you who practice ritual sex under the oaks and every green tree, who slaughter children near the streams under the rocky overhangs.

New Heart English Bible
you who inflame yourselves among the oaks, under every green tree; who kill the children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You burn with lust under oak trees and under every large tree. You slaughter children in the valleys and under the cracks in the rocks.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ye that inflame yourselves among the terebinths, Under every leafy tree; That slay the children in the valleys, Under the clefts of the rocks?

New American Standard 1977
Who inflame yourselves among the oaks,
            Under every luxuriant tree,
            Who slaughter the children in the ravines,
            Under the clefts of the crags?

Jubilee Bible 2000
inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

King James 2000 Bible
Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

American King James Version
Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

American Standard Version
ye that inflame yourselves among the oaks, under every green tree; that slay the children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who seek your comfort in idols under every green tree, sacrificing children in the torrents, under the high rocks?

Darby Bible Translation
inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

English Revised Version
ye that inflame yourselves among the oaks, under every green tree; that slay the children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?

Webster's Bible Translation
Inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the cliffs of the rocks?

World English Bible
you who inflame yourselves among the oaks, under every green tree; who kill the children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?

Young's Literal Translation
Who are inflamed among oaks, under every green tree, Slaughtering the children in valleys, Under clefts of the rocks.
Study Bible
God Condemns Idolatry
4"Against whom do you jest? Against whom do you open wide your mouth And stick out your tongue? Are you not children of rebellion, Offspring of deceit, 5Who inflame yourselves among the oaks, Under every luxuriant tree, Who slaughter the children in the ravines, Under the clefts of the crags? 6"Among the smooth stones of the ravine Is your portion, they are your lot; Even to them you have poured out a drink offering, You have made a grain offering. Shall I relent concerning these things?…
Cross References
1 Kings 14:23
For they also built for themselves high places and sacred pillars and Asherim on every high hill and beneath every luxuriant tree.

2 Kings 16:4
He sacrificed and burned incense on the high places and on the hills and under every green tree.

2 Kings 23:10
He also defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire for Molech.

Psalm 106:37
They even sacrificed their sons and their daughters to the demons,

Psalm 106:38
And shed innocent blood, The blood of their sons and their daughters, Whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; And the land was polluted with the blood.

Isaiah 1:29
Surely you will be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, And you will be embarrassed at the gardens which you have chosen.

Jeremiah 2:20
"For long ago I broke your yoke And tore off your bonds; But you said, 'I will not serve!' For on every high hill And under every green tree You have lain down as a harlot.

Jeremiah 3:13
'Only acknowledge your iniquity, That you have transgressed against the LORD your God And have scattered your favors to the strangers under every green tree, And you have not obeyed My voice,' declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 7:31
"They have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, and it did not come into My mind.

Ezekiel 6:13
"Then you will know that I am the LORD, when their slain are among their idols around their altars, on every high hill, on all the tops of the mountains, under every green tree and under every leafy oak-- the places where they offered soothing aroma to all their idols.
Treasury of Scripture

Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

inflaming

Exodus 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, …

Numbers 25:1,2,6 And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution …

Jeremiah 50:38 A drought is on her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it is …

Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon has been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the …

Hosea 4:11-13 Prostitution and wine and new wine take away the heart…

Hosea 7:4-7 They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, who ceases …

Amos 2:7,8 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and …

Revelation 17:1-5 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, …

Revelation 18:3 For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, …

with idols. or, among the oaks

Isaiah 1:29 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, and …

under

Deuteronomy 12:2 You shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which …

1 Kings 14:23 For they also built them high places, and images, and groves, on …

2 Kings 16:3,4 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yes, and made his …

2 Kings 17:10 And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under …

Jeremiah 2:20 For of old time I have broken your yoke, and burst your bands; and …

Jeremiah 3:6,13 The LORD said also to me in the days of Josiah the king, Have you …

Jeremiah 17:2 Whilst their children remember their altars and their groves by the …

Ezekiel 6:13 Then shall you know that I am the LORD, when their slain men shall …

slaying

Leviticus 18:21 And you shall not let any of your seed pass through the fire to Molech, …

Leviticus 20:2-5 Again, you shall say to the children of Israel, Whoever he be of …

2 Kings 16:3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yes, and made his …

2 Kings 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom…

2 Chronicles 28:3 Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and …

Jeremiah 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley …

Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of …

Ezekiel 16:20 Moreover you have taken your sons and your daughters, whom you have …

Ezekiel 20:26,31 And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass …

(5) Enflaming yourselves.--The best illustration of the phrase is found in the real or supposed derivation of "fanatic" as meaning one who is circa fana calefactus. No word could better describe the orgiastic excitement of heathen rites. For "with idols read among the terebinths, which were prominent, with other trees, in the groves dedicated to idol-worship (Hosea 4:13; Ezekiel 6:13).

Under every green tree is almost a stereotyped formula in this connection (Deuteronomy 12:2; 1Kings 14:23; Jeremiah 2:20), the tree itself becoming a direct object of the cultus.

Slaying the children in the valleys . . .--This had been done by Ahaz (2Chronicles 28:3). It was perfectly natural that it should be done by Manasseh. There is not the slightest trace of the revival of the practice among the exiles in Babylon or after their return. The scenery described--the torrent-stream, the clefts of the rock--belongs distinctively to Palestine.

Verse 5. - Inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree (comp. Isaiah 1:29; Isaiah 65:3; Isaiah 66:17; and see also 2 Kings 16:4; 2 Kings 17:10; Jeremiah 2:20; Jeremiah 3:6, etc.). The reference is, as Mr. Cheyne says, to the "orgiastic cults' in the sacred groves of Palestinian heathenism." The nature of these cults is well stated by Professor Dollinger ('Jew and Gentile,' vol. 1. p. 430): "At the spring festival, called by some the 'brand-feast,' by others that of torches, which was attended by streams of visitors from every country, huge trees were burnt, with the offerings suspended on them. Even children were sacrificed; they were put into a leathern bag, and thrown the whole height of the temple to the bottom, with the shocking expression that they were calves, and not children. In the fore-court stood two gigantic phalli. To the exciting din of drums, flutes, and inspired songs, the Galli cut themselves on the arms; and the effect of this act, and of the music accompanying it, was so strong upon mere spectators, that all their bodily and mental powers were thrown into a tumult of excitement; and they too, seized by the desire to lacerate themselves, deprived themselves of their manhood by means of potsherds lying ready for the purpose." Slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks. The sacrifice of their children to Moloch was largely practised by the Jews in the later period of the kingdom of Judah. It seems to have been originally introduced by the superstitious Ahaz, the father of Hezekiah, who "made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen" (2 Kings 16:3; 2 Chronicles 28:3). Suspended during the reign of Hezekiah, it was renewed under Manasseh, who followed the example of his grandfather in himself sacrificing one of his sons (2 Kings 21:6). Under the last three kings it prevailed to a very wide extent, and the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel are loud in their denunciations of it (Jeremiah 7:31, 32; Jeremiah 19:2-6; Jeremiah 32:35; Ezekiel 16:20; Ezekiel 20:26; Ezekiel 23:37, etc.). Arguments have been brought forward to prove that the child was merely passed before a fire, or between two fires, and not burnt; but the evidence to the contrary is overwhelming (see the article on "Moloch" in Dr. W. Smith's 'Dictionary of the Bible,' vol. 2, pp. 403, 404). The rite belonged especially to the worship of Chemosh and Moloch by the Moabites and Ammonites (2 Kings 3:27; Micah 6:7), from whom it was adopted by the Israelites (2 Kings 17:7) and Jews. The sacrifice was supposed to be expiatory (Micah 6:7). In the later times of the Jewish kingdom the place of sacrifice was the valley of Hinnom, west and north of Jerusalem, which is overhung by rugged rocks. Inflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree,.... Or, "inflamed with or among oaks" (h); with images made of oaken wood, such as the Papists worship, Revelation 9:20 expressing a burning zeal for their idols, and being as hot upon them, as impure persons burn in lust one towards another: or "with mighty ones" (i); the kings and potentates of the earth, with whom the whore of Rome commits her fornication, even in every flourishing kingdom and state in Europe, compared to a green tree; alluding to the custom of the Heathens, who used to set up their idols under green trees and groves, and there worship them, which were pleasing to the flesh; and I wish, says Musculus on the text, there were no instances of this kind in the Papacy.

Slaying the children in the valleys, under the clifts of the rocks? this may refer to the cruelty of these idolatrous worshippers; for, as they burn with zeal to their idols, so with rage against those that oppose their idolatrous practices, not sparing men, women, and children; and such butcheries have been committed in many places, and especially in the "valleys" of Piedmont; nor could the cragged rocks secure them from their falling a sacrifice unto them. Or it may intend the ruining and destroying the souls of such, who, before they fell into their hands, were innocent as children, by their superstitious worship and idolatry, committed in low and dark places, under cragged rocks, and in caves and dens; such as the above mentioned commentator speaks of, a very dark one, under a prominent rock, in which the ignorant and unhappy people, some time ago, worshipped and invoked a certain blessed saint, he knew not who, which could scarce be looked into without horror; and such was the cave in which they worshipped the angel Michael.

(h) "inflammati inter quercus", Gataker; "incalescentes, vel incalescitis inter quercus, vel ulmos", Vatablus. (i) "In potentibus", Cocceius. 5. Enflaming yourselves—burning with lust towards idols [Gesenius]; or else (compare Margin), in the terebinth groves, which the Hebrew and the parallelism favor (see on [857]Isa 1:29) [Maurer].

under … tree—(2Ki 17:10). The tree, as in the Assyrian sculptures, was probably made an idolatrous symbol of the heavenly hosts.

slaying … children—as a sacrifice to Molech, etc. (2Ki 17:31; 2Ch 28:3; 33:6).

in … valleys—the valley of the son of Hinnom. Fire was put within a hollow brazen statue, and the child was put in his heated arms; kettle drums (Hebrew, toph) were beaten to drown the child's cries; whence the valley was called Tophet (2Ch 33:6; Jer 7:3).

under … clifts—the gloom of caverns suiting their dark superstitions.57:3-12 The Lord here calls apostates and hypocrites to appear before him. When reproved for their sins, and threatened with judgments, they ridiculed the word of God. The Jews were guilty of idolatry before the captivity; but not after that affliction. Their zeal in the worship of false gods, may shame our indifference in the worship of the true God. The service of sin is disgraceful slavery; those who thus debase themselves to hell, will justly have their portion there. Men incline to a religion that inflames their unholy passions. They are led to do any evil, however great or vile, if they think it will atone for crimes, or purchase indulgence for some favourite lust. This explains idolatry, whether pagan, Jewish, or antichristian. But those who set up anything instead of God, for their hope and confidence, never will come to a right end. Those who forsake the only right way, wander in a thousand by-paths. The pleasures of sin soon tire, but never satisfy. Those who care not for the word of God and his providences, show they have no fear of God. Sin profits not; it ruins and destroys.
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