Proverbs 7:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
till an arrow pierces his liver, like a bird darting into a snare, little knowing it will cost him his life.

New Living Translation
awaiting the arrow that would pierce its heart. He was like a bird flying into a snare, little knowing it would cost him his life.

English Standard Version
till an arrow pierces its liver; as a bird rushes into a snare; he does not know that it will cost him his life.

New American Standard Bible
Until an arrow pierces through his liver; As a bird hastens to the snare, So he does not know that it will cost him his life.

King James Bible
Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
until an arrow pierces its liver, like a bird darting into a snare-- he doesn't know it will cost him his life.

International Standard Version
until an arrow pierces his liver. As a bird darts into a snare, he doesn't realize his fatal decision.

NET Bible
till an arrow pierces his liver--like a bird hurrying into a trap, and he does not know that it will cost him his life.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And like a stag when an arrow flies into its liver, he hastens like a living bird to a snare, and does not know that it is to the death of his soul that he goes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
until an arrow pierces his heart, like a bird darting into a trap. He does not realize that it will cost him his life.

Jubilee Bible 2000
until the arrow pierces through his liver. He is as a bird struggling in the snare and not knowing that it is against his own life.

King James 2000 Bible
Till an arrow strikes through his liver; as a bird hastens to the snare, and knows not that it is for his life.

American King James Version
Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hastens to the snare, and knows not that it is for his life.

American Standard Version
Till an arrow strike through his liver; As a bird hasteth to the snare, And knoweth not that it is for his life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Till the arrow pierce his liver: as if a bird should make haste to the snare, and knoweth not that his life is in danger.

Darby Bible Translation
till an arrow strike through his liver: as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for its life.

English Revised Version
Till an arrow strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life.

Webster's Bible Translation
Till a dart striketh through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life.

World English Bible
Until an arrow strikes through his liver, as a bird hurries to the snare, and doesn't know that it will cost his life.

Young's Literal Translation
Till an arrow doth split his liver, As a bird hath hastened unto a snare, And hath not known that it is for its life.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

7:6-27 Here is an affecting example of the danger of youthful lusts. It is a history or a parable of the most instructive kind. Will any one dare to venture on temptations that lead to impurity, after Solomon has set before his eyes in so lively and plain a manner, the danger of even going near them? Then is he as the man who would dance on the edge of a lofty rock, when he has just seen another fall headlong from the same place. The misery of self-ruined sinners began in disregard to God's blessed commands. We ought daily to pray that we may be kept from running into temptation, else we invite the enemies of our souls to spread snares for us. Ever avoid the neighbourhood of vice. Beware of sins which are said to be pleasant sins. They are the more dangerous, because they most easily gain the heart, and close it against repentance. Do nothing till thou hast well considered the end of it. Were a man to live as long as Methuselah, and to spend all his days in the highest delights sin can offer, one hour of the anguish and tribulation that must follow, would far outweigh them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 23. - Till a dart strike through his liver. This clause would be better taken with the preceding verse, as in the Septuagint, or else placed in a parenthesis; then the following clause introduces a new come parison. The youth follows the harlot till his liver, the seat of the passions, is thoroughly inflamed, or till fatal consequences ensue. Theocr., 'Id,' 11:15 -

Ἔχθιστον ἔχων ὑποκάρδιον ἕλκος
Κύπριος ἐκ μεγάλας τὸ οἱ ἥπατι πᾶξε βέλεμνον.
"Beneath his breast
A hateful wound he bore by Cypris given,
Who in his liver fixed the fatal dart."
Delitzsch would relegate the hemistich to the end of the verse, making it denote the final result of mad and illicit love. The sense thus gained is satisfactory, but the alteration is quite arbitrary, and unsupported by ancient authority. As a bird hasteth to the snare. This is another comparison (see Proverbs 1:17, the first proverb in the book, and note there). And knoweth not that it is for his life; i.e. the infatuated youth does not consider that his life is at stake, that he is bringing upon himself, by his vicious rashness, temporal and spiritual ruin (Proverbs 5:11).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Till a dart strike through his liver,.... The fountain of blood, and so of life; which, being pierced through and poured out, is certain death, Lamentations 2:11; the meaning is, till he is slain either by the hand of God, or by the civil magistrate, or by the jealous husband; and be thrust through by him, as Zimri and Cozbi were by Phinehas. The "liver" may be particularly mentioned, not only for the reason before given, but because it is the seat of lust (l); so he is stricken in the part where his lust begins, where he has been smitten by Cupid's darts: or this dart through the liver may denote some disease, infecting the blood through sinful lust. The Targum is,

"as an hart into whose liver an arrow flies;''

or is wounded by an arrow in the liver, as the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions: and so the meaning is, that this young man went as swiftly after the harlot as a hart does when it is wounded;

as a bird hasteth to the snare; it has its eye upon the bait, and flies swiftly to that, insensible of the snare that is laid for it;

and knoweth not that it is for his life; the bird knows not that the snare is set for its life, as Jarchi; or the fool knows not that it is for his soul; that it shall die, which hates correction, as Aben Ezra. The man that goes after the harlot knows not, or does not consider, that it is to the destruction of his precious and immortal soul; so the Targum,

"he knows not that it tends to the death of his soul;''

and to the same sense the Syriac and Arabic versions; the second death, which adulterers and idolaters shall have their part in, Revelation 21:8. The souls of men, and the ruin of them, are what the whore of Rome deals in, Revelation 18:13; she goes into perdition, into the bottomless pit, herself, and carries all her worshippers with her, Revelation 17:8.

(l) "Spleu ridere facit, cogit amare jecur", Ovid. "Si torrere jecur quaeris idoneum", Horat. Carmin. l. 4. Ode 1. v. 12. "Cum tibi flagrans amor et libido saeviet circa jecur ulcerosum". lbid l. 1. Ode 25. v. 13, 15.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. Till—He is now caught (Pr 6:26).

Proverbs 7:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
Warnings about the Adulteress
22Suddenly he follows her As an ox goes to the slaughter, Or as one in fetters to the discipline of a fool, 23Until an arrow pierces through his liver; As a bird hastens to the snare, So he does not know that it will cost him his life. 24Now therefore, my sons, listen to me, And pay attention to the words of my mouth.…
Cross References
Proverbs 6:26
For a prostitute can be had for a loaf of bread, but another man's wife preys on your very life.

Proverbs 6:32
But a man who commits adultery has no sense; whoever does so destroys himself.

Proverbs 7:22
All at once he followed her like an ox going to the slaughter, like a deer stepping into a noose

Ecclesiastes 7:26
I find more bitter than death the woman who is a snare, whose heart is a trap and whose hands are chains. The man who pleases God will escape her, but the sinner she will ensnare.

Ecclesiastes 9:12
Moreover, no one knows when their hour will come: As fish are caught in a cruel net, or birds are taken in a snare, so people are trapped by evil times that fall unexpectedly upon them.
Treasury of Scripture

Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hastens to the snare, and knows not that it is for his life.

a dart

Numbers 25:8,9 And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both …

as a bird

Proverbs 1:17 Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird.

Ecclesiastes 9:12 For man also knows not his time: as the fishes that are taken in …

knoweth

Proverbs 9:18 But he knows not that the dead are there; and that her guests are …

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