Proverbs 12:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The righteous care for the needs of their animals, but the kindest acts of the wicked are cruel.

New Living Translation
The godly care for their animals, but the wicked are always cruel.

English Standard Version
Whoever is righteous has regard for the life of his beast, but the mercy of the wicked is cruel.

New American Standard Bible
A righteous man has regard for the life of his animal, But even the compassion of the wicked is cruel.

King James Bible
A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A righteous man cares about his animal's health, but even the merciful acts of the wicked are cruel.

International Standard Version
The righteous person looks out for the welfare of his livestock, but even the compassion of the wicked is cruel.

NET Bible
A righteous person cares for the life of his animal, but even the most compassionate acts of the wicked are cruel.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The righteous one is aware of the soul of his animal, and the evil withhold their compassions.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A righteous person cares [even] about the life of his animals, but the compassion of wicked people is [nothing but] cruelty.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The righteous is merciful even unto his beast, but the piety of the wicked is cruel.

King James 2000 Bible
A righteous man regards the life of his animal: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

American King James Version
A righteous man regards the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

American Standard Version
A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast; But the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The just regardeth the lives of his beasts: but the bowels of the wicked are cruel.

Darby Bible Translation
A righteous man is concerned for the life of his beast; but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

English Revised Version
A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

Webster's Bible Translation
A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

World English Bible
A righteous man respects the life of his animal, but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

Young's Literal Translation
The righteous knoweth the life of his beast, And the mercies of the wicked are cruel.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:10. A godly man would not put even an animal to needless pain. But the wicked often speak of others as well used, when they would not endure like treatment for a single day. 11. It is men's wisdom to mind their business, and follow an honest calling. But it is folly to neglect business; and the grace of God teaches men to disdain nothing but sin. 12. When the ungodly see others prosper by sin, they wish they could act in the same way. But the root of Divine grace, in the heart of the righteous, produces other desires and purposes. 13. Many a man has paid dear in this world for the transgression of his lips.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast. For "regardeth," the Hebrew word is literally "knoweth" (Exodus 23:9); he knows what animals want, what they can bear, and treats them accordingly (comp. Proverbs 27:23). The LXX. translates "pitieth." The care for the lower animals, and their kind treatment, are not the produce of modern sentiment and civilization. Mosaic legislation and various expressions in Scripture recognize the duty. God's mercies are over all his works; he saves both man and beast; he hateth nothing that he hath made (Psalm 36:6; Psalm 145:9; Jonah 4:11; Wisd. 11:24). So he enacted that the rest of the sabbath should extend to the domestic animals (Exodus 20:10); that a man should help the over-burdened beast, even of his enemy (Exodus 23:4, 5); that the unequal strength of the ox and the ass should not be yoked together in the plough (Deuteronomy 22:10); that the ox should not be muzzled when he was treading out the corn (Deuteronomy 25:4): that the sitting bird should not be taken from her little brood (Deuteronomy 22:6), nor a kid seethed in its mother's milk (Exodus 23:19). Such humane injunctions were perhaps specially needed at a time when man's life was little regarded, and animal sacrifices had a tendency to make men cruel and unfeeling, when their symbolical meaning was obscured by long familiarity. These enactments regarding animals, and the mysterious significance affixed to the blood (Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 17:10-14), afforded speaking lessons of tenderness and consideration for the inferior creatures, and a fortiori taught regard for the happiness and comfort of fellow men. Our blessed Lord has spoken of God's ears of flowers and the lower creatures of his hand. But the tender mercies; literally, the bowels, regarded as the seat of feeling. The wicked cannot be supposed to have "tender mercies;" hence it is best to take the word in the sense of "feelings," "affections." What should be mercy and love are in an evil man only hard-heartedness and cruelty.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast,.... Or "knoweth" it (q); knows the worth of it and values it, and takes care of it, and is concerned for the preservation of it; he provides sufficient food for it, and gives it; he does not overwork it, but allows it proper rest from labour; and, if in any disorder, will make use of all suitable means to heal it; see an instance of the care of Jacob, that righteous man, of his cattle, Genesis 33:14; and, on the other hand, see an instance of a wicked man's cruelty to his beast in Balaam, for which he was reproved, Numbers 22:28; by various laws and rules which God has given, it is his will that men should be merciful to their beasts, Deuteronomy 25:4; and such who are so will be more especially pitiful and tenderhearted to their fellow creatures;

but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel; or "are the mercies of a cruel one" (r); the most tender things which are expressed or done by them are nothing but cruelty; and what then must be their more severe expressions and actions? so the most tender concern which antichrist and his followers show to the souls of men breathes nothing but cruelty; the compassionate methods they take to convert heretics, as they call them, are dark dungeons and stinking prisons, racks and tortures, fire and faggots; these are their wholesome severities; this their kindness to men, to deliver them up to the secular power, to inflict pains and punishments on them the most grievous to save their souls. Thus, while the beast of Rome looks like a lamb, he speaks like a dragon, and exercises all the cruelty of the first beast, Rome Pagan, Revelation 13:11.

(q) "novit", Mercerus, Michaelis; so Vulgate Latin. (r) "sunt miserationes crudelis", Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Aben Ezra in Mercerus, so some Jewish writers in Vatablus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. regardeth—literally, "knoweth" (Ps 1:6).

mercies … cruel—as acts of compassion ungraciously rendered to the needy. The righteous more regards a beast than the wicked a man.

Proverbs 12:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Loving Discipline and Knowledge
9Better is he who is lightly esteemed and has a servant Than he who honors himself and lacks bread. 10A righteous man has regard for the life of his animal, But even the compassion of the wicked is cruel. 11He who tills his land will have plenty of bread, But he who pursues worthless things lacks sense.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 9:9
For it is written in the Law of Moses: "Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain." Is it about oxen that God is concerned?

Numbers 22:29
Balaam answered the donkey, "You have made a fool of me! If only I had a sword in my hand, I would kill you right now."

Deuteronomy 25:4
Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.

Proverbs 12:9
Better to be a nobody and yet have a servant than pretend to be somebody and have no food.
Treasury of Scripture

A righteous man regards the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

righteous

Genesis 33:13,14 And he said to him, My lord knows that the children are tender, and …

Numbers 22:28-32 And the LORD opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, …

Deuteronomy 25:4 You shall not muzzle the ox when he treads out the corn.

John 4:11 The woman said to him, Sir, you have nothing to draw with, and the …

but

Genesis 37:26-28 And Judah said to his brothers, What profit is it if we slay our …

Judges 1:7 And Adonibezek said, Three score and ten kings, having their thumbs …

1 Samuel 11:2 And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition will I make …

John 19:31,32 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies …

James 2:13-16 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; …

tender mercies

1 John 3:17 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, …

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