Isaiah 30:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Though they have officials in Zoan and their envoys have arrived in Hanes,

New Living Translation
For though his power extends to Zoan and his officials have arrived in Hanes,

English Standard Version
For though his officials are at Zoan and his envoys reach Hanes,

New American Standard Bible
"For their princes are at Zoan And their ambassadors arrive at Hanes.

King James Bible
For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For though his princes are at Zoan and his messengers reach as far as Hanes,

International Standard Version
And it will turn out that his officials are at Zoan, and his envoys will reach Hanes.

NET Bible
Though his officials are in Zoan and his messengers arrive at Hanes,

New Heart English Bible
For their princes are at Zoan, and their ambassadors have come to Hanes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Although Pharaoh's officials are in Zoan and his messengers have reached Hanes,

JPS Tanakh 1917
For his princes are at Zoan, And his ambassadors are come to Hanes.

New American Standard 1977
“For their princes are at Zoan,
            And their ambassadors arrive at Hanes.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When his princes shall be in Zoan, and his ambassadors have come to Hanes,

King James 2000 Bible
For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

American King James Version
For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

American Standard Version
For their princes are at Zoan, and their ambassadors are come to Hanes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For thy princes were in Tanis, and thy messengers came even to Hanes.

Darby Bible Translation
For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

English Revised Version
For his princes are at Zoan, and his ambassadors are come to Hanes.

Webster's Bible Translation
For his princes were at Zoan, and his embassadors came to Hanes.

World English Bible
For their princes are at Zoan, and their ambassadors have come to Hanes.

Young's Literal Translation
For in Zoan were his princes, And his messengers reach Hanes.
Study Bible
The Worthless Treaty with Egypt
3"Therefore the safety of Pharaoh will be your shame And the shelter in the shadow of Egypt, your humiliation. 4"For their princes are at Zoan And their ambassadors arrive at Hanes. 5"Everyone will be ashamed because of a people who cannot profit them, Who are not for help or profit, but for shame and also for reproach."…
Cross References
Psalm 78:12
He wrought wonders before their fathers In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Isaiah 19:11
The princes of Zoan are mere fools; The advice of Pharaoh's wisest advisers has become stupid. How can you men say to Pharaoh, "I am a son of the wise, a son of ancient kings "?

Jeremiah 49:14
I have heard a message from the LORD, And an envoy is sent among the nations, saying, "Gather yourselves together and come against her, And rise up for battle!"

Obadiah 1:1
The vision of Obadiah. Thus says the Lord GOD concerning Edom-- We have heard a report from the LORD, And an envoy has been sent among the nations saying, "Arise and let us go against her for battle "--
Treasury of Scripture

For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

his princes

Isaiah 57:9 And you went to the king with ointment, and did increase your perfumes, …

2 Kings 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent …

Hosea 7:11,12,16 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, …

Zoan

Isaiah 19:11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors …

Numbers 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came to Hebron; where Ahiman, …

Ezekiel 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and …

Hanes

Jeremiah 43:7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice …

Tahpanhes

Ezekiel 30:18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break …

(4) His princes were at Zoan . . .--Better, are, in the vivid use of the historic present of prophecy. Zoan, the Tanis of the Greeks, was one of the oldest of Egyptian cities. Hanes, identified with the Greek Heracleopolis, as lying in the delta of the Nile, would be among the first Egyptian cities which the embassy would reach.

Verse 4. - His princes were at Zoan. "Zoan" is undoubtedly Tanis, which is now "San," a heap of ruins in the Delta, where some interesting remains of the shepherd-kings have been discovered. It was a favorite capital of the monarchs of the nineteenth dynasty, and seems to have been the scene of the struggle between Moses and the Pharaoh of the Exodus (Psalm 78:12, 43). It then declined, but is said to have been the birthplace of the first king of the twenty-first dynasty. In the Ethiopian period it rose once more to some importance, and was at one time the capital of a principality (see G. Smith's 'Asshur-bani-pal,' pp. 21, 26, 32). The "princes" here spoken of are probably Hezekiah's ambassadors. His ambassadors came to Hanes. "Hanes" has been generally identified with the modern Esnes, a village between Memphis and Thebes, which is thought to mark the site of Hera-cleopolis Magna. But it has been well remarked that the Jewish envoys would scarcely have proceeded so far. Mr. R.S. Peele suggests, instead of Esnes, Tahpenes, or Daphnae ('Dict. of the Bible,' vol. 1. p. 753); but that name is somewhat remote from Hanes. Perhaps it would be best to acknowledge that "Hanes" cannot at present be identified. It was probably not very far from Tanis. For his princes were at Zoan,.... That is, the princes of the king of Judah, or of the people of Judah; though it can hardly be thought that princes should be sent ambassadors into Egypt, to enter into an alliance, or request help, without the knowledge, leave, and consent, and indeed order, of the king, under which character they went, as appears from the following clause:

and his ambassadors came to Hanes; these are the same with the princes, for such were sent on this embassy, both for the honour of the kingdom, and for the more easy obtaining of their end; the two places mentioned, to which they went, were two principal cities in Egypt, where probably the king of Egypt was, and his court kept, sometimes at one place, and sometimes at another. Zoan is the same with Tanis, the metropolis of one of the nomes or provinces of Egypt, called from it the Tanitic nome; and so the Targum here renders it, "Tanes": and the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, "Tanis"; See Gill on Isaiah 19:11. The Jews (g) say there is not a more excellent place in all Egypt than Zoan, because kings were brought up in it, as it is here said, "his princes were at Zoan"; the other, here called "Hanes", is the same with Tahapanes in Jeremiah 2:16 and Tahpanhes, Jeremiah 43:7 and so the Targum here calls it; it is thought to be the same with Daphnae Pelusiae; here Pharaoh had a house or palace; see Jeremiah 43:9 and this is the reason of the ambassadors going thither.

(g) T. Bab. Cetubot, fol. 112. 1. & Sota, fol. 34. 2.4. his—Judah's (compare Isa 9:21).

at Zoan—are already arrived there on their errand to Pharaoh (see Isa 19:11).

came to Hanes—are come there. West of the Nile, in central Egypt: Egyptian Hnes; the Greek Heracleopolis: perhaps the Anysis of Herodotus (2.137); according to Grotius, Tahpanhes contracted (Jer 43:7-9); the seat of a reigning prince at the time, as was Zoan, hence the Jewish ambassadors go to both.30:1-7 It was often the fault and folly of the Jews, that when troubled by their neighbours on one side, they sought for succour from others, instead of looking up to God. Nor can we avoid the dreadful consequences of adding sin to sin, but by making the righteousness of Christ our refuge, and seeking for the sanctification of the Holy Spirit. Men have always been prone to lean to their own understandings, but this will end in their shame and misery. They would not trust in God. They took much pains to gain the Egyptians. The riches so spent turned to a bad account. See what dangers men run into who forsake God to follow their carnal confidences. The Creator is the Rock of ages, the creature a broken reed; we cannot expect too little from man, or too much from God. Our strength is to sit still, in humble dependence upon God and his goodness, and quiet submission to his will.
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OT Prophets: Isaiah 30:4 For their princes are at Zoan (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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