Song of Solomon 2:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Flowers appear on the earth; the season of singing has come, the cooing of doves is heard in our land.

New Living Translation
The flowers are springing up, the season of singing birds has come, and the cooing of turtledoves fills the air.

English Standard Version
The flowers appear on the earth, the time of singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land.

New American Standard Bible
The flowers have already appeared in the land; The time has arrived for pruning the vines, And the voice of the turtledove has been heard in our land.

King James Bible
The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The blossoms appear in the countryside. The time of singing has come, and the turtledove's cooing is heard in our land.

International Standard Version
Blossoms have appeared in the land. The season of songbirds has arrived, and cooing of turtledoves is heard in our land.

NET Bible
The pomegranates have appeared in the land, the time for pruning and singing has come; the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Blossoms appear in the land. The time of the songbird has arrived. The cooing of the mourning dove is heard in our land.

Jubilee Bible 2000
the flowers appear on the earth; the time of the song is come, and the voice of the turtle dove has been heard in our land;

King James 2000 Bible
The flowers appear on the earth; the time of singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land;

American King James Version
The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

American Standard Version
The flowers appear on the earth; The time of the singing of birds is come, And the voice of the turtle-dove is heard in our land;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The flowers have appeared in our land, the time of pruning is come: the voice of the turtle is heard in our land:

Darby Bible Translation
The flowers appear on the earth; The time of singing is come, And the voice of the turtle-dove is heard in our land;

English Revised Version
The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

Webster's Bible Translation
The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

World English Bible
The flowers appear on the earth. The time of the singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land.

Young's Literal Translation
The flowers have appeared in the earth, The time of the singing hath come, And the voice of the turtle was heard in our land,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:8-13 The church pleases herself with thoughts of further communion with Christ. None besides can speak to the heart. She sees him come. This may be applied to the prospect the Old Testament saints had of Christ's coming in the flesh. He comes as pleased with his own undertaking. He comes speedily. Even when Christ seems to forsake, it is but for a moment; he will soon return with everlasting loving-kindness. The saints of old saw him, appearing through the sacrifices and ceremonial institutions. We see him through a glass darkly, as he manifests himself through the lattices. Christ invites the new convert to arise from sloth and despondency, and to leave sin and worldly vanities, for union and communion with him. The winter may mean years passed in ignorance and sin, unfruitful and miserable, or storms and tempests that accompanied his conviction of guilt and danger. Even the unripe fruits of holiness are pleasant unto Him whose grace has produced them. All these encouraging tokens and evidences of Divine favour, are motives to the soul to follow Christ more fully. Arise then, and come away from the world and the flesh, come into fellowship with Christ. This blessed change is owing wholly to the approaches and influences of the Sun of righteousness.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The flowers appear on the earth,.... One of the first signs of the spring being come (t); and make the season delightful and pleasant; the sun returning with its warming influences, herbs and plants are quickened and spring up; fields and meadows, as well as gardens, are covered with a variety of beautiful flowers, which make walking abroad very delightful. By these "flowers" may be meant either the graces of the spirit in the saints, which, when a wintertime with them, seem to be dead, at least are hid; but, upon a return of the sun of righteousness, revive and are seen again: or the saints themselves, when in a flourishing condition, and in the exercise of grace; who may be compared to the flowers of the field for the production of them in the spring, which is a kind of re-creation of them, Psalm 104:30; and fitly expresses the renovation of the Holy Ghost, to which the revival of them is owing; and for the fragrancy of them, their persons and services being of a sweet savour through the grace and righteousness of Christ; and for their beauty and ornament to the fields in which they grow, as saints are through Christ in themselves, and to the churches and interest of Christ; and for the gaiety and cheerfulness in which the flowers appear in the spring season, and so a proper emblem of the joy and consolation of the saints; where grace revives, Christ returns, and they are favoured with communion with him. It may not be improper to observe, that this may represent the large conversions of souls to Christ, and the numerous appearance of so many beautiful flowers in the church of Christ in the first ages of Christianity, after a long winter of Jewish and Gentile darkness;

the time of the singing of birds is come; another sign of spring, and suits the Gospel dispensation, in which the churches of Christ, and the members of them, sing the praises of the Lord in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs; and particularly young converts, those little birds that sing in warbling notes and tuneful lays the songs of electing, redeeming, calling, justifying, pardoning, and adopting grace, to the glory of God, and to their mutual comfort and edification. Some render it, "the time of the branch" (u), of the vine putting forth its branches; or "the time of cutting" (w), of pruning vines, of lopping trees, and cutting off unfruitful branches; as in the Gospel dispensation, when the Jewish branches were broken off, and the Gentiles were ingrafted in, and being pruned brought forth more fruit; and this agrees with the season of the year, the spring being the time of cutting and pruning vines (x); though this is by some objected to as unseasonable;

and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land; so one part of rural pleasures is described by the poet (y), not only by the singing of birds of various kinds, but particularly by the note of the turtle; which is a kind of dove that lies hid in the wintertime, or is gone, being a bird of passage, and appears and returns at the spring, when its voice is heard again (z); see Jeremiah 8:7; for its voice is never heard in winter, unless on a fine day (a); by which may be meant, not the voice of the law, as the Jewish writers (b), rather of the Gospel, the joyful sound, which for a while was heard only in the land of Judea, called by way of specialty "our land": but either of the voice of the Messiah himself (c), preaching the everlasting Gospel in the land of Israel when here on earth; or of John the Baptist his forerunner; and so Alshech interprets it of Elijah, who was to come before the Messiah, and refers to Malachi 4:5. It may design the voice of all the apostles of Christ, and first ministers of the Gospel (d); or of the Holy Ghost, as the Targum, who appeared as a dove at Christ's baptism; and whose voice in the hearts of his people, speaking peace and pardon, and witnessing their adoption, causes joy and gladness; or of the church itself, compared to a turtledove for its harmlessness, meekness, chastity, &c. whose voice in prayer and praise is heard, and is acceptable to Christ, Sol 2:14.

(t) "Ver praebet flores", Ovid. de Remed. Amor. l. 1. v. 188. "Omnia tum florent", ibid. Metamorph. l. 15. Fab. 9. So flowers are called , "the children of the spring", in Athenaei Deipnosoph. l. 13. c. 9. p. 608. "Vernus sequitur color, omnis in herbas turget humus", Claudian. de Rapt. Proserp. l. 2. v. 90. (u) "tempus palmitis", Gussetius, p. 231. (w) , Sept. "tempus putationis", V. L. Pagninus; so the Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions. (x) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 17. c. 22. Hesiod. Opera & Dies, l. 2.((y) , Theocrit. Idyll. 7. (z) Plin. ut supra, l. 18. c. 28. (a) Myndius apud Athenaeum in Deipnosophist. l. 9. c. 11. p. 394. So Pliny, "hyeme mutis, vere vocalibus", l. 10. c. 35. Vid. l. 18. c. 28. (b) In Zohar in Gen. fol. 121. 3.((c) So Pesikta in Yalkut in loc. (d) Vid. Stockium, p. 1181.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. flowers—tokens of anger past, and of grace come. "The summoned bride is welcome," say some fathers, "to weave from them garlands of beauty, wherewith she may adorn herself to meet the King." Historically, the flowers, &c., only give promise; the fruit is not ripe yet; suitable to the preaching of John the Baptist, "The kingdom of heaven is at hand"; not yet fully come.

the time of … singing—the rejoicing at the advent of Jesus Christ. Gregory Nyssenus refers the voice of the turtledove to John the Baptist. It with the olive branch announced to Noah that "the rain was over and gone" (Ge 8:11). So John the Baptist, spiritually. Its plaintive "voice" answers to his preaching of repentance (Jer 8:6, 7). Vulgate and Septuagint translate, "The time of pruning," namely, spring (Joh 15:2). The mention of the "turtle's" cooing better accords with our text. The turtledove is migratory (Jer 8:7), and "comes" early in May; emblem of love, and so of the Holy Ghost. Love, too, shall be the keynote of the "new song" hereafter (Isa 35:10; Re 1:5; 14:3; 19:6). In the individual believer now, joy and love are here set forth in their earlier manifestations (Mr 4:28).

Song of Solomon 2:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Bride's Adoration
11For behold, the winter is past, The rain is over and gone. 12The flowers have already appeared in the land; The time has arrived for pruning the vines, And the voice of the turtledove has been heard in our land. 13The fig tree has ripened its figs, And the vines in blossom have given forth their fragrance. Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, And come along!'"
Cross References
Genesis 15:9
So the LORD said to him, "Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon."

Psalm 74:19
Do not hand over the life of your dove to wild beasts; do not forget the lives of your afflicted people forever.

Song of Solomon 2:11
See! The winter is past; the rains are over and gone.

Jeremiah 8:7
Even the stork in the sky knows her appointed seasons, and the dove, the swift and the thrush observe the time of their migration. But my people do not know the requirements of the LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

flowers

Songs 6:2,11 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to …

Isaiah 35:1,2 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and …

Hosea 14:5-7 I will be as the dew to Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast …

time

Psalm 40:1-3 I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined to me, and heard my cry…

Psalm 89:15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, …

Psalm 148:7-13 Praise the LORD from the earth, you dragons, and all deeps…

Isaiah 42:10-12 Sing to the LORD a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, …

Isaiah 55:12 For you shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains …

Ephesians 5:18-20 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit…

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching …

of the turtle

Romans 15:9-13 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, …

Ephesians 1:13,14 In whom you also trusted, after that you heard the word of truth, …

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