Micah 4:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.

New Living Translation
The LORD will mediate between peoples and will settle disputes between strong nations far away. They will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will no longer fight against nation, nor train for war anymore.

English Standard Version
He shall judge between many peoples, and shall decide disputes for strong nations far away; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore;

New American Standard Bible
And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war.

King James Bible
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He will settle disputes among many peoples and provide arbitration for strong nations that are far away. They will beat their swords into plows, and their spears into pruning knives. Nation will not take up the sword against nation, and they will never again train for war.

International Standard Version
And he will judge among many people, rebuking strong nations far away; and they will reshape their swords as plowshares and their spears as pruning hooks. No nation will threaten another, nor will they train for war anymore.

NET Bible
He will arbitrate between many peoples and settle disputes between many distant nations. They will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nations will not use weapons against other nations, and they will no longer train for war.

New Heart English Bible
and he will judge between many peoples, and will decide concerning strong nations afar off. They will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war any more.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he will judge disputes between many people and settle arguments between many nations far and wide. They will hammer their swords into plowblades and their spears into pruning shears. Nations will never fight against each other, and they will never train for war again.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And He shall judge between many peoples, And shall decide concerning mighty nations afar off; And they shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruninghooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war any more.

New American Standard 1977
And He will judge between many peoples
            And render decisions for mighty, distant nations.
            Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares
            And their spears into pruning hooks;
            Nation will not lift up sword against nation,
            And never again will they train for war.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he shall judge among many peoples and correct strong nations even afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruninghooks; nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they train for war any more.

King James 2000 Bible
And he shall judge between many peoples, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

American King James Version
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

American Standard Version
and he will judge between many peoples, and will decide concerning strong nations afar off: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off: and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into spades: nation shall not take sword against nation: neither shall they learn war any more.

Darby Bible Translation
And he shall judge among many peoples, and reprove strong nations, even afar off; and they shall forge their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-knives: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

English Revised Version
and he shall judge between many peoples, and shall reprove strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

World English Bible
and he will judge between many peoples, and will decide concerning strong nations afar off. They will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war any more.

Young's Literal Translation
And He hath judged between many peoples, And given a decision to mighty nations afar off, They have beaten their swords to ploughshares, And their spears to pruning-hooks, Nation lifteth not up sword unto nation, Nor do they learn war any more.
Study Bible
The Mountain of the Lord's Temple
2Many nations will come and say, "Come and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD And to the house of the God of Jacob, That He may teach us about His ways And that we may walk in His paths." For from Zion will go forth the law, Even the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 3And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. 4Each of them will sit under his vine And under his fig tree, With no one to make them afraid, For the mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken.…
Cross References
Psalm 46:9
He makes wars to cease to the end of the earth; He breaks the bow and cuts the spear in two; He burns the chariots with fire.

Psalm 72:3
Let the mountains bring peace to the people, And the hills, in righteousness.

Psalm 110:6
He will judge among the nations, He will fill them with corpses, He will shatter the chief men over a broad country.

Isaiah 2:4
And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples; And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war.

Isaiah 11:3
And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what His ears hear;

Isaiah 65:25
"The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent's food. They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain," says the LORD.

Joel 3:10
Beat your plowshares into swords And your pruning hooks into spears; Let the weak say, "I am a mighty man."

Zechariah 8:20
"Thus says the LORD of hosts, 'It will yet be that peoples will come, even the inhabitants of many cities.
Treasury of Scripture

And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

he shall judge.

1 Samuel 2:10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven …

Psalm 82:8 Arise, O God, judge the earth: for you shall inherit all nations.

Psalm 96:13 Before the LORD: for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth: he …

Psalm 98:9 Before the LORD; for he comes to judge the earth: with righteousness …

Isaiah 11:3-5 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: …

Isaiah 51:5 My righteousness is near; my salvation is gone forth, and my arms …

Matthew 25:31,32 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels …

John 5:22,23,27-29 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son…

John 16:8-11 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, …

Acts 17:31 Because he has appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world …

Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat …

and rebuke.

Micah 5:15 And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury on the heathen, such …

Micah 7:16,17 The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they …

Psalm 2:5-12 Then shall he speak to them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore …

Psalm 68:30,31 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with …

Psalm 110:1,2,5,6 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make …

Isaiah 25:3 Therefore shall the strong people glorify you, the city of the terrible …

Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish; …

Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, …

Joel 3:2,9-16 I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the …

Zechariah 12:3-6 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all …

Zechariah 14:3,12-19 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as …

Revelation 19:17-21 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud …

Revelation 20:8,9 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters …

they shall.

Psalm 46:9 He makes wars to cease to the end of the earth; he breaks the bow, …

Isaiah 2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: …

Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie …

Hosea 2:18 And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of …

Joel 3:10 Beat your plowshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears: …

Zechariah 9:10 And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, …

pruninghooks. or, scythes. neither.

Psalm 72:7 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace …

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, …

Isaiah 60:17,18 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and …

Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat …

(3) The name of the Messiah is the Prince of Peace; and we still look into the dim future out of a present life, rife with wars and rumours of wars, for the full realisation of His reign of peace. And we are sure that the time will come, for "the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it."

They shall beat their swords . . .--See Note on Joel 3:10.

Verse 3. - The effect of this reception of true religion shall be universal peace. He shall judge among many people; or better, between many peoples. The Lord shall be the Arbiter to whom all disputes shall be referred, as in the next clause. When his reign is acknowledged and his Law obeyed, all war and all causes of war shall cease. The gospel is a gospel of peace and love, and when "the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and his Christ" (Revelation 11:15), peace and love shall everywhere abound. (For the phrase in the text, comp. Judges 11:27; 1 Samuel 24:12, 15.) Rebuke strong nations afar off. The word rendered '"rebuke" means here "decide concerning," "act as umpire for." The arbitration of the sword shall no more be resorted to. The words "afar off" are omitted in the similar passage of Isaiah. Beat their swords into ploughshares; i.e. they shall practise the arts of peace instead of war. Literally, the short broad sword of the Israelites might readily be converted into a share, and the spear forged into a pruning hook (comp. Hosea 2:18; Zechariah 9:10). Martial has an epigram entitled, "Falx ex ense" (14:34) -

"Pax me certa ducis placidos curvavit in usus:
Agricolae nunc sum, militis ante fui."
The reverse process is seen in Joel 3:10, where ploughshares are beaten into swords. Thus Virgil, 'Georg.,' 1:508 -

"El curvae rigidum falces conflantur in ensem."

(Comp. Ovid, 'Fast.,' 1:699, etc.) And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off,.... That are in the most distant parts of the world; not only the isles afar off, but the remotest parts of the continent, the American nations found out since. In Isaiah 2:4, it is, "and he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people"; that is, the King Messiah, as Aben Ezra, Kimchi, and Ben Melech. Some render it, "it shall judge", &c. and interpret it either of the Church, the mountain of the Lord's house; or of the word and doctrine of the Lord; or of the Lord in the church, by the ministry of the word, The phrase, "afar off", is not in Isaiah 2:4; which the Targum interprets "for ever", and the "strong nations" of strong kings; signifying that the kingdom of Christ should not only be to the ends or the earth, but should endure for ever, unto distant time, even till it shall be no more; as well as shall reach to distant lands, as to situation, and to the Gentiles afar off, as to state and condition; see Ephesians 2:14;

and they shall beat their swords into plough shares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up a sword against nation,

neither shall they learn war any more; which as yet has never been fulfilled; but will be the case when Christ's kingdom appears in its glory, and the kingdoms of this world become his, and all the enemies of the church are destroyed; See Gill on Isaiah 2:4. These words are by the Jews (o) applied to the days of the Messiah.

(o) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 63. 1.3. rebuke—convict of sin (Joh 16:8, 9); and subdue with judgments (Ps 2:5, 9; 110:5, 6; Re 2:27; 12:5).

many people … strong nations afar off—In Isa 2:4 it is "the nations … many people."4:1-8 The nations have not yet so submitted to the Prince of Peace, as to beat their swords into ploughshares, nor has war ceased. But very precious promises these are, relating to the gospel church, which will be more and more fulfilled, for He is faithful that has promised. There shall be a glorious church for God set up in the world, in the last days, in the days of the Messiah. Christ himself will build it upon a rock. The Gentiles worshipped their idol gods; but in the period spoken of, the people will cleave to the Lord with full purpose of heart, and delight in doing his will. The word halteth, describes those who walk not according to the Divine word. The collecting the captives from Babylon was an earnest of healing, purifying, and prospering the church; and the reign of Christ shall continue till succeeded by the everlasting kingdom of heaven. Let us stir up each other to attend the ordinances of God, that we may learn his holy ways, and walk in them, receiving the law from his hands, which, being written in our hearts by his Spirit, may show our interest in the Redeemer's righteousness.
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OT Prophets: Micah 4:3 And he will judge between many peoples (Mc Mic. Mi) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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