1 Samuel 13:20
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New International Version
So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plow points, mattocks, axes and sickles sharpened.

New Living Translation
So whenever the Israelites needed to sharpen their plowshares, picks, axes, or sickles, they had to take them to a Philistine blacksmith.

English Standard Version
But every one of the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, or his sickle,

New American Standard Bible
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.

King James Bible
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So all the Israelites went to the Philistines to sharpen their plows, mattocks, axes, and sickles.

International Standard Version
Everyone in Israel would have to go to the Philistines so each person could sharpen his plow, his mattock, his axe, and his sickle.

NET Bible
So all Israel had to go down to the Philistines in order to get their plowshares, cutting instruments, axes, and sickles sharpened.

New Heart English Bible
But all Israel would go down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, mattock, axe, and sickle;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Everyone in Israel had to go to the Philistines to sharpen the blade of his plow, his mattock, ax, or sickle.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

New American Standard 1977
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen each man his share and his coulter and his axe and his mattock

King James 2000 Bible
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, and his mattock, and his ax, and his sickle.

American King James Version
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his ax, and his mattock.

American Standard Version
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;

Douay-Rheims Bible
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his ploughshare, and his spade, and his axe, and his rake.

Darby Bible Translation
And all Israel went down to the Philistines, every man to get his ploughshare, and his hoe, and his axe, and his sickle sharpened,

English Revised Version
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;

Webster's Bible Translation
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his colter, and his ax, and his mattock.

World English Bible
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, mattock, axe, and sickle;

Young's Literal Translation
and all Israel go down to the Philistines, to sharpen each his ploughshare, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;
Study Bible
Israel without Weapons
19Now no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears." 20So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe. 21The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:41
If I sharpen My flashing sword, And My hand takes hold on justice, I will render vengeance on My adversaries, And I will repay those who hate Me.

1 Samuel 13:19
Now no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears."

1 Samuel 13:21
The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.

2 Chronicles 34:6
In the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, even as far as Naphtali, in their surrounding ruins,
Treasury of Scripture

But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his ax, and his mattock.

(20) To sharpen every man his share, and his coulter.--Porsenna, we read, in the time of the wars of the Republic, allowed the Romans iron implements for agriculture only. Coulter.--In Isaiah 2:4, Joel 3:10, this word is rendered "ploughshares "; so most of the older versions. We cannot now with any precision distinguish between these two implements of tillage.

And his mattock.--Jerome renders the Hebrew word here by "hoe" (sarculum). It was probably a kind of heavy hoe, used for turning up the ground.

Verse 20. - The Israelites went down to the Philistines. I.e. to their land. This could only have applied to the districts near the Philistines, unless we suppose that they set up forges also at their garrisons. To sharpen. The verb chiefly refers to such work as required an anvil and hammer. As regards the implements, not only do the versions disagree in their renderings, but the Septuagint has a very curious different reading, to the effect that at harvest time the Israelites had to pay the Philistines three shekels for repairing and whetting their tools. The share is more probably a sickle. The coulter is certainly a ploughshare, as rendered in Isaiah 2:4; Joel 3:10. Of the ax there is no doubt; and the mattock is a heavy hoe for turning up the ground, as spades for that purpose are scarcely anywhere used, except in our own country. But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines,.... Were obliged to go into Palestine, into some one or other of the cities of the Philistines, or to their garrisons, where the trade of a smith was exercised:

to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter; which are the parts of the plough made of iron, with which the earth is cut and thrown up:

and his axe and his mattock; or pick axe; with the one wood is felled and cut, and with the other stones are dug; and each of these for their several uses needed sharpening; and when they did, they were obliged to go to the Philistines to have them done, they having no smiths among them. 13:15-23 See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. Miserable is a guilty, defenceless nation; much more those who are destitute of the whole armour of God.
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Alphabetical: all and axe axes down each have his hoe Israel mattock mattocks Philistines plowshare plowshares sharpen sharpened sickles So the their to went

OT History: 1 Samuel 13:20 But all the Israelites went down (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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