Judges 5:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
God chose new leaders when war came to the city gates, but not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel.

New Living Translation
When Israel chose new gods, war erupted at the city gates. Yet not a shield or spear could be seen among forty thousand warriors in Israel!

English Standard Version
When new gods were chosen, then war was in the gates. Was shield or spear to be seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Berean Study Bible
When they chose new gods, then war came to their gates. Not a shield or spear was found among forty thousand in Israel.

New American Standard Bible
"New gods were chosen; Then war was in the gates. Not a shield or a spear was seen Among forty thousand in Israel.

King James Bible
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Christian Standard Bible
Israel chose new gods, then there was war in the city gates. Not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites worshiped other gods, and the gates of their towns were then attacked. But they had no shields or spears to fight with.

Good News Translation
Then there was war in the land when the Israelites chose new gods. Of the forty thousand men in Israel, did anyone carry shield or spear?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel chose new gods, then war was in the gates. Not a shield or spear was seen among 40,000 in Israel.

International Standard Version
New gods were chosen, then war came to the city gates, but there wasn't a shield or spear to be seen among 40,000 soldiers of Israel.

NET Bible
God chose new leaders, then fighters appeared in the city gates; but, I swear, not a shield or spear could be found, among forty military units in Israel.

New Heart English Bible
They chose new gods. Then war was in the gates. Was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the people chose new gods, war broke out inside the city gates. Not a weapon was seen among 40,000 in Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They chose new gods; Then was war in the gates; Was there a shield or spear seen Among forty thousand in Israel?

New American Standard 1977
“New gods were chosen; Then war was in the gates. Not a shield or a spear was seen Among forty thousand in Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When they chose new gods, the war was at the gates. Was there a shield or spear to be seen among forty thousand in Israel?

King James 2000 Bible
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

American King James Version
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

American Standard Version
They chose new gods; Then was war in the gates: Was there a shield or spear seen Among forty thousand in Israel?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord chose new wars, and he himself overthrew the gates of the enemies: a shield and spear was not seen among forty thousand of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: Was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

English Revised Version
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Webster's Bible Translation
They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

World English Bible
They chose new gods. Then war was in the gates. Was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

Young's Literal Translation
He chooseth new gods, Then war is at the gates! A shield is not seen -- and a spear Among forty thousand in Israel.
Study Bible
The Song of Deborah and Barak
7Life in the villages ceased, it ended in Israel, until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel. 8When they chose new gods, then war came to their gates. Not a shield or spear was found among forty thousand in Israel. 9My heart is with the princes of Israel, with the volunteers among the people. Bless the LORD!…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:17
They sacrificed to demons, not to God, to gods they had not known, to newly arrived gods, which your fathers did not fear.

Judges 5:7
Life in the villages ceased, it ended in Israel, until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.

Judges 5:11
the voices of the singers at the watering places. There they shall recount the righteous acts of the LORD, the righteous deeds of His warriors in Israel. Then the people of the LORD went down to the gates:

1 Samuel 13:19
And no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, "The Hebrews must not be allowed to make swords or spears."

1 Samuel 13:22
So on the day of battle not a sword or spear could be found in the hands of the troops with Saul and Jonathan; only Saul and his son Jonathan had weapons.

Treasury of Scripture

They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

new gods

Judges 2:12,17 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them …

Deuteronomy 32:16,17 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations …

was there

Judges 4:3 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD: for he had nine hundred …

1 Samuel 13:19-22 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for …

(8) They chose new gods.--The Chaldee and the LXX. agree in this interpretation, which is strongly supported by Deuteronomy 32:16-17. The Syriac and Vulgate render it "God chose new things," or "wars" (nova bella elegit Dominus, Vulg.); but this gives a poorer sense, and is open to the objection that Jehovah, not Elohim, is used throughout the rest of the song. It alludes to the idolatry (Jeremiah 2:11) which brought the retribution described in the next clause. Ewald and his pupil, Bertheau, render "gods" (Elohim) by "judges;" but this is very doubtful, though the word has that meaning in Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:7-8.

Then was war in the gates.--The Canaanites drove the Israelites from the city gates, where judgments were given, and expelled them from their towns; so the Targum explains it to mean, "the storming of gates," and so too Rabbi Tanchum. One MS. of the LXX. and the Syriac and Arabic versions have the strange rendering, "they chose new gods like barley bread," which Theodoret explains to mean, "as though after eating wheaten bread, men would voluntarily descend to coarse barley bread"; but this is only due to an inferior reading.

Was there a shield or spear.--This is usually, and not unnaturally, explained to mean that there had been a general disarmament (comp. Judges 3:31; 1Samuel 13:19); we must then assume that the Israelites had only bows, slings, and swords. But (1) there is no indication whatever (but rather the reverse, Judges 4:15) that Barak's army--which, moreover, consisted of 10,000, not 40,000--was unarmed; and (2) the context seems to favour the meaning that, in spite of these degradations, there was not a warrior in all Israel who dared to put on his armour.

Among forty thousand.--Even if the number is meant as a round or general number, it is remarkable. It is true that though Barak only had 10,000 men with him, the contingents of Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh are not counted; but even then the number shows that Israel was weakened and disunited, for the Transjordanic tribes alone had sent 40,000 men to help Joshua in the conquest of Canaan (Joshua 4:13).

Verse 8. - The cause of this misery was not far to seek; it was the idolatry of the people which provoked God to anger. Then their enemies were let loose upon them, and they dared make no resistance. They chose new gods,.... That is, Israel, as most of the Jewish commentators interpret it; for the verb is singular, and Israel agrees well with it: this they did after the death of Joshua; it refers to their first idolatry, begun by Micah, Judges 17:1 they chose other gods than the true God; Baalim and Ashtaroth they are said to serve, Judges 2:11, and besides the gods of the Canaanites and Phoenicians, they sought after and introduced new ones from other places, or the same may be meant; since all besides the true God, the eternal Jehovah, the Ancient of days, and everlasting King, are new gods that lately sprung up: the Arabic and Syriac versions are,"God chose a new king;''so Ben Gersom; to perfect this wonder; for not only Sisera and his army were drawn to the gates of Israel to a proper place to fall in, but the victory was not obtained by Israel by their own force and strength; for they had no weapons of war, not a shield nor a spear, but for a very few men, but it was the Lord that fought for them in a new way; the former sense seems best, and agrees with what follows:

then was war in the gates; when they fell into idolatry, then God suffered the judgment of war to come upon them, even into the gates of their fortified cities, which were the security of them, and where were their courts of judicature, but by war disturbed and made to cease:

was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel? though the number of the Israelites were several hundred thousands, yet there were not to be seen among them shields and spears sufficient for 40,000; or not one among 40,000 was armed; which was owing either to their negligence and sloth in not providing themselves with arms, or not taking care of them in a time of peace; so that when war came into their gates, they had nothing to defend themselves with, or annoy their enemies; or to their cowardice, not daring to take up a shield or spear in their own defence; or to the enemy, Jabin king of Canaan, having disarmed them, that they might not be able to make a revolt, from him, and recover their liberties. Ben Gersom refers it to the times of Joshua, when there was no need of a shield and spear among the 40,000 of the children of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, that came over Jordan with them, since God fought for them; and the Targum seems to understand it of Sisera's army, that came against Israel with shields, spears, and swords; and makes the number of them to be in all 300,000, which is just the number of foot soldiers Josephus makes his army to consist of; and yet, though so numerous and so well armed, could not stand before Barak with 10,000 men only; See Gill on Judges 4:17, the words rather refer to the cival war of the Benjamites with the Israelites, when 40,000 of the latter were killed, which was before the times of Deborah, Judges 20:21. 5:6-11. Deborah describes the distressed state of Israel under the tyranny of Jabin, that their salvation might appear more gracious. She shows what brought this misery upon them. It was their idolatry. They chose new gods, with new names. But under all these images, Satan was worshipped. Deborah was a mother to Israel, by diligently promoting the salvation of their souls. She calls on those who shared the advantages of this great salvation, to offer up thanks to God for it. Let such as are restored, not only to their liberty as other Israelites, but to their rank, speak God's praises. This is the Lord's doing. In these acts of his, justice was executed on his enemies. In times of persecution, God's ordinances, the walls of salvation, whence the waters of life are drawn, are resorted to at the hazard of the lives of those who attend them. At all times Satan will endeavour to hinder the believer from drawing near to the throne of grace. Notice God's kindness to his trembling people. It is the glory of God to protect those who are most exposed, and to help the weakest. Let us notice the benefit we have from the public peace, the inhabitants of villages especially, and give God the praise.
Jump to Previous
Armed Arms Body-Cover Chose Chosen City Israel New Shield Spear Thousand Towns War
Jump to Next
Armed Arms Body-Cover Chose Chosen City Israel New Shield Spear Thousand Towns War
Links
Judges 5:8 NIV
Judges 5:8 NLT
Judges 5:8 ESV
Judges 5:8 NASB
Judges 5:8 KJV

Judges 5:8 Biblia Paralela
Judges 5:8 Chinese Bible
Judges 5:8 French Bible
Judges 5:8 German Bible

Alphabetical: a among and came chose chosen city forty gates gods in Israel new not or seen shield spear the Then they thousand to war was were When

OT History: Judges 5:8 They chose new gods (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Judges 5:7
Top of Page
Top of Page