Galatians 4:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.

New Living Translation
Before you Gentiles knew God, you were slaves to so-called gods that do not even exist.

English Standard Version
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods.

Berean Study Bible
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.

Berean Literal Bible
But at that time indeed, not knowing God, you were enslaved to those by nature not being gods.

New American Standard Bible
However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods.

King James Bible
Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But in the past, when you didn't know God, you were enslaved to things that by nature are not gods.

International Standard Version
However, in the past, when you did not know God, you were slaves to things that are not really gods at all.

NET Bible
Formerly when you did not know God, you were enslaved to beings that by nature are not gods at all.

New Heart English Bible
However at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For then when you had not known God, you served those which by their nature were not gods.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you didn't know God, you were slaves to things which are really not gods at all.

New American Standard 1977
However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods.

Jubilee Bible 2000
However then, when ye did not know God, ye did service unto those who by nature are not gods.

King James 2000 Bible
But then, when you knew not God, you did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

American King James Version
However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which by nature are no gods.

American Standard Version
Howbeit at that time, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to them that by nature are no gods:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But then indeed, not knowing God, you served them, who, by nature, are not gods.

Darby Bible Translation
But then indeed, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods;

English Revised Version
Howbeit at that time, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to them which by nature are no gods:

Webster's Bible Translation
However then, when ye knew not God, ye did service to them which by nature are no gods.

Weymouth New Testament
But at one time, you Gentiles, having no knowledge of God, were slaves to gods which in reality do not exist.

World English Bible
However at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods.

Young's Literal Translation
But then, indeed, not having known God, ye were in servitude to those not by nature gods,
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
4:8-11 The happy change whereby the Galatians were turned from idols to the living God, and through Christ had received the adoption of sons, was the effect of his free and rich grace; they were laid under the greater obligation to keep to the liberty wherewith he had made them free. All our knowledge of God begins on his part; we know him because we are known of him. Though our religion forbids idolatry, yet many practise spiritual idolatry in their hearts. For what a man loves most, and cares most for, that is his god: some have their riches for their god, some their pleasures, and some their lusts. And many ignorantly worship a god of their own making; a god made all of mercy and no justice. For they persuade themselves that there is mercy for them with God, though they repent not, but go on in their sins. It is possible for those who have made great professions of religion, to be afterwards drawn aside from purity and simplicity. And the more mercy God has shown, in bringing any to know the gospel, and the liberties and privileges of it, the greater their sin and folly in suffering themselves to be deprived of them. Hence all who are members of the outward church should learn to fear and to suspect themselves. We must not be content because we have some good things in ourselves. Paul fears lest his labour is in vain, yet he still labours; and thus to do, whatever follows, is true wisdom and the fear of God. This every man must remember in his place and calling.
Study Bible
Paul's Fears for the Galatians
7So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, you are also an heir through God. 8Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. 9But now that you know God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you are turning back to those weak and worthless principles? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?…
Cross References
2 Chronicles 13:9
"Have you not driven out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron and the Levites, and made for yourselves priests like the peoples of other lands? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams, even he may become a priest of what are no gods.

Isaiah 37:19
and have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not gods but the work of men's hands, wood and stone. So they have destroyed them.

Jeremiah 2:11
"Has a nation changed gods When they were not gods? But My people have changed their glory For that which does not profit.

Jeremiah 5:7
"Why should I pardon you? Your sons have forsaken Me And sworn by those who are not gods. When I had fed them to the full, They committed adultery And trooped to the harlot's house.

Jeremiah 16:20
Can man make gods for himself? Yet they are not gods!

1 Corinthians 1:21
For since in the wisdom of God, the world through its wisdom did not know Him, God was pleased through the foolishness of what was preached to save those who believe.

1 Corinthians 8:4
So about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that an idol is nothing at all in the world, and that there is no God but one.

1 Corinthians 10:20
No, but the sacrifices of pagans are offered to demons, not to God. And I do not want you to be participants with demons.

Galatians 4:3
So also, when we were children, we were enslaved under the basic principles of the world.

Ephesians 2:12
remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world.
Treasury of Scripture

However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which by nature are no gods.

when.

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to …

Jeremiah 10:25 Pour out your fury on the heathen that know you not, and on the families …

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.

Acts 17:23,30 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with …

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God …

1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God…

Ephesians 2:11,12 Why remember, that you being in time past Gentiles in the flesh…

Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life …

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that …

1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we …

ye did.

Joshua 24:2,15 And Joshua said to all the people, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, …

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Psalm 135:15-18 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Isaiah 44:9-20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable …

Jeremiah 10:3-16 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cuts a tree out of …

Acts 14:12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he …

Acts 17:29 For as much then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to …

Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made …

1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered …

1 Corinthians 10:19,20 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered …

1 Corinthians 12:2 You know that you were Gentiles, carried away to these dumb idols, …

1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we had to you…

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will …

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