Galatians 4:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a divine promise.

New Living Translation
The son of the slave wife was born in a human attempt to bring about the fulfillment of God's promise. But the son of the freeborn wife was born as God's own fulfillment of his promise.

English Standard Version
But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise.

Berean Study Bible
His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but his son by the free woman was born because of the promise.

Berean Literal Bible
But indeed, the one of the slave woman has been born according to flesh, but the one of the free, through the promise,

New American Standard Bible
But the son by the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and the son by the free woman through the promise.

King James Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the one by the slave was born according to the impulse of the flesh, while the one by the free woman was born as the result of a promise.

International Standard Version
Now the slave woman's son was conceived through human means, while the free woman's son was conceived through divine promise.

NET Bible
But one, the son by the slave woman, was born by natural descent, while the other, the son by the free woman, was born through the promise.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But he who was from the Maidservant was born of the flesh, but he who was from the Freewoman was by The Promise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Now, the son of the slave woman was conceived in a natural way, but the son of the free woman was conceived through a promise [made to Abraham].

New American Standard 1977
But the son by the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and the son by the free woman through the promise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he who was of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, but he of the freewoman was born through the promise.

King James 2000 Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the free woman was by promise.

American King James Version
But he who was of the female slave was born after the flesh; but he of the free woman was by promise.

American Standard Version
Howbeit the'son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the'son by the freewoman is born through promise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman, was born according to the flesh: but he of the free woman, was by promise.

Darby Bible Translation
But he [that was] of the maid servant was born according to flesh, and he [that was] of the free woman through the promise.

English Revised Version
Howbeit the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the son by the freewoman is born through promise.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he who was of the bond-woman, was born according to the flesh; but he of the free-woman was by promise.

Weymouth New Testament
But we see that the child of the slave-girl was born in the common course of nature; but the child of the free woman in fulfilment of the promise.

World English Bible
However, the son by the handmaid was born according to the flesh, but the son by the free woman was born through promise.

Young's Literal Translation
but he who is of the maid-servant, according to flesh hath been, and he who is of the free-woman, through the promise;
Study Bible
Hagar and Sarah
22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman. 23His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but his son by the free woman was born because of the promise. 24These things serve as illustrations, for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children into slavery: This is Hagar.…
Word Study

But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

indeed,
men (Conj)
A primary particle; properly, indicative of affirmation or concession; usually followed by a contrasted clause with de.

the [one]
ho (Art-NMS)
The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

A female slave, maidservant, maid, young girl. Feminine diminutive of pais; a girl, i.e., a female slave or servant.

From a variation of genos; to procreate; figuratively, to regenerate.

according to
kata (Prep)
A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

Flesh, body, human nature, materiality; kindred.

A primary particle; but, and, etc.

the [one]
ho (Art-NMS)
The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Free, delivered from obligation. Probably from the alternate of erchomai; unrestrained, i.e. not a slave, or exempt.

A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

A promise. From epaggello; an announcement.

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
4:21-27 The difference between believers who rested in Christ only, and those who trusted in the law, is explained by the histories of Isaac and Ishmael. These things are an allegory, wherein, beside the literal and historical sense of the words, the Spirit of God points out something further. Hagar and Sarah were apt emblems of the two different dispensations of the covenant. The heavenly Jerusalem, the true church from above, represented by Sarah, is in a state of freedom, and is the mother of all believers, who are born of the Holy Spirit. They were by regeneration and true faith, made a part of the true seed of Abraham, according to the promise made to him.
Cross References
Genesis 17:16
"I will bless her, and indeed I will give you a son by her. Then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her."

Genesis 18:10
He said, "I will surely return to you at this time next year; and behold, Sarah your wife will have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent door, which was behind him.

Genesis 21:1
Then the LORD took note of Sarah as He had said, and the LORD did for Sarah as He had promised.

Romans 9:7
Nor because they are Abraham's descendants are they all his children. On the contrary, "Through Isaac your offspring will be reckoned."

Galatians 4:22
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman.

Galatians 4:28
Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of the promise.

Galatians 4:29
At that time, however, the son born by the flesh persecuted the son born by the Spirit. It is the same now.

Hebrews 11:11
By faith Sarah, even though she was barren and beyond the opportune age, was enabled to conceive a child, because she considered Him faithful who had promised.
Treasury of Scripture

But he who was of the female slave was born after the flesh; but he of the free woman was by promise.

born.

Romans 9:7,8 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: …

but.

Genesis 17:15-19 And God said to Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call …

Genesis 18:10-14 And he said, I will certainly return to you according to the time …

Genesis 21:1,2 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah …

Romans 4:18-21 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father …

Romans 10:8 But what said it? The word is near you, even in your mouth, and in …

Hebrews 11:11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, …

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Alphabetical: a according and as bondwoman born but by flesh free His in of ordinary promise result slave son the through to was way woman

NT Letters: Galatians 4:23 However the son by the handmaid was (Gal. Ga) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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