Galatians 4:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces of the world.

New Living Translation
And that's the way it was with us before Christ came. We were like children; we were slaves to the basic spiritual principles of this world.

English Standard Version
In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world.

Berean Study Bible
So also, when we were children, we were enslaved under the basic principles of the world.

Berean Literal Bible
So also, we when we were children, were held in bondage under the principles of the world.

New American Standard Bible
So also we, while we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental things of the world.

King James Bible
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the same way we also, when we were children, were in slavery under the elemental forces of the world.

International Standard Version
It was the same way with us. While we were children, we were slaves to the basic principles of the world.

NET Bible
So also we, when we were minors, were enslaved under the basic forces of the world.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In this way also when we were children, we were enslaved under the principles of the world.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It was the same way with us. When we were children, we were slaves to the principles of this world.

New American Standard 1977
So also we, while we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental things of the world.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Even so we, when we were children, were in slavery under the elements of the world,

King James 2000 Bible
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

American King James Version
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

American Standard Version
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the rudiments of the world:

Douay-Rheims Bible
So we also, when we were children, were serving under the elements of the world.

Darby Bible Translation
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the principles of the world;

English Revised Version
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the rudiments of the world:

Webster's Bible Translation
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

Weymouth New Testament
So we also, when spiritually we were children, were subject to the world's rudimentary notions, and were enslaved.

World English Bible
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental principles of the world.

Young's Literal Translation
so also we, when we were babes, under the elements of the world were in servitude,
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
4:1-7 The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. They could not fully understand the meaning of the law as given by Moses. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. We learn the happier state of Christians under the gospel dispensation. From these verses see the wonders of Divine love and mercy; particularly of God the Father, in sending his Son into the world to redeem and save us; of the Son of God, in submitting so low, and suffering so much for us; and of the Holy Spirit, in condescending to dwell in the hearts of believers, for such gracious purposes. Also, the advantages Christians enjoy under the gospel. Although by nature children of wrath and disobedience, they become by grace children of love, and partake of the nature of the children of God; for he will have all his children resemble him. Among men the eldest son is heir; but all God's children shall have the inheritance of eldest sons. May the temper and conduct of sons ever show our adoption; and may the Holy Spirit witness with our spirits that we are children and heirs of God.
Study Bible
Sons and Heirs
2He is subject to guardians and trustees until the date set by his father. 3So also, when we were children, we were enslaved under the basic principles of the world. 4But when the time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law,…
Cross References
Romans 7:14
We know that the Law is spiritual; but I am unspiritual, sold as a slave to sin.

2 Corinthians 11:20
In fact, you even put up with anyone who enslaves you or exploits you or takes advantage of you or exalts himself or strikes you in the face.

Galatians 2:4
This issue arose because some false brothers were brought in under false pretenses to spy on our freedom in Christ Jesus, in order to enslave us.

Galatians 4:2
He is subject to guardians and trustees until the date set by his father.

Galatians 4:8
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.

Galatians 4:9
But now that you know God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you are turning back to those weak and worthless principles? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?

Galatians 4:24
These things serve as illustrations, for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children into slavery: This is Hagar.

Colossians 2:8
See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, which are based on human tradition and the spiritual forces of the world rather than on Christ.

Colossians 2:20
If you have died with Christ to the spiritual forces of the world, why, as though you still belonged to the world, do you submit to its regulations:

Hebrews 5:12
Although by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to reteach you the basic principles of God's word. You need milk, not solid food!
Treasury of Scripture

Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

when.

Galatians 3:19,24,25 Why then serves the law? It was added because of transgressions, …

in.

Galatians 4:9,25,31 But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God, …

Galatians 2:4 And that because of false brothers unawares brought in, who came …

Galatians 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up to the …

Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty with which Christ has made us …

Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If you continue …

Acts 15:10 Now therefore why tempt you God, to put a yoke on the neck of the …

Romans 8:15 For you have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but …

elements. or, rudiments.

Galatians 4:9 But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God, …

Colossians 2:8,20 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, …

Hebrews 7:16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after …

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