Isaiah 5:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The vineyard of the LORD Almighty is the nation of Israel, and the people of Judah are the vines he delighted in. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.

New Living Translation
The nation of Israel is the vineyard of the LORD of Heaven's Armies. The people of Judah are his pleasant garden. He expected a crop of justice, but instead he found oppression. He expected to find righteousness, but instead he heard cries of violence.

English Standard Version
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant planting; and he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, an outcry!

New American Standard Bible
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel And the men of Judah His delightful plant. Thus He looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; For righteousness, but behold, a cry of distress.

King James Bible
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For the vineyard of the LORD of Hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah, the plant He delighted in. He looked for justice but saw injustice, for righteousness, but heard cries of wretchedness.

International Standard Version
For the vineyard of the LORD of the Heavenly Armies is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are the garden in which he delights. He looked for justice, but saw only bloodshed; he searched for righteousness, but heard only an outcry!

NET Bible
Indeed Israel is the vineyard of the LORD who commands armies, the people of Judah are the cultivated place in which he took delight. He waited for justice, but look what he got--disobedience! He waited for fairness, but look what he got--cries for help!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The vineyard of the LORD of Armies is the nation of Israel, and the people of Judah are the garden of his delight. He hoped for justice but saw only slaughter, for righteousness but heard only cries of distress.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the vineyard of the LORD of the hosts is the house of Israel and every man of Judah his pleasant plant; and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

King James 2000 Bible
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for justice, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

American King James Version
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

American Standard Version
For the vineyard of Jehovah of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for justice, but, behold, oppression; for righteousness, but, behold, a cry.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel: and the man of Juda, his pleasant plant: and I looked that he should do judgment, and behold iniquity: and do justice, and behold a cry.

Darby Bible Translation
For the vineyard of Jehovah of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah the plant of his delight: and he looked for justice, and behold, blood-shedding; for righteousness, and behold, a cry.

English Revised Version
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

World English Bible
For the vineyard of Yahweh of Armies is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for justice, but, behold, oppression; for righteousness, but, behold, a cry of distress.

Young's Literal Translation
Because the vineyard of Jehovah of Hosts Is the house of Israel, And the man of Judah His pleasant plant, And He waiteth for judgment, and lo, oppression, For righteousness, and lo, a cry.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:1-7 Christ is God's beloved Son, and our beloved Saviour. The care of the Lord over the church of Israel, is described by the management of a vineyard. The advantages of our situation will be brought into the account another day. He planted it with the choicest vines; gave them a most excellent law, instituted proper ordinances. The temple was a tower, where God gave tokens of his presence. He set up his altar, to which the sacrifices should be brought; all the means of grace are denoted thereby. God expects fruit from those that enjoy privileges. Good purposes and good beginnings are good things, but not enough; there must be vineyard fruit; thoughts and affections, words and actions, agreeable to the Spirit. It brought forth bad fruit. Wild grapes are the fruits of the corrupt nature. Where grace does not work, corruption will. But the wickedness of those that profess religion, and enjoy the means of grace, must be upon the sinners themselves. They shall no longer be a peculiar people. When errors and vice go without check or control, the vineyard is unpruned; then it will soon be grown over with thorns. This is often shown in the departure of God's Spirit from those who have long striven against him, and the removal of his gospel from places which have long been a reproach to it. The explanation is given. It is sad with a soul, when, instead of the grapes of humility, meekness, love, patience, and contempt of the world, for which God looks, there are the wild grapes of pride, passion, discontent, and malice, and contempt of God; instead of the grapes of praying and praising, the wild grapes of cursing and swearing. Let us bring forth fruit with patience, that in the end we may obtain everlasting life.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - For the vineyard, etc. The full explanation of the parable follows immediately on the disclosure in ver. 6. The vineyard is "Israel," or rather "Judah;" the fruit expected from it, "judgment and righteousness;" the wild grapes which alone it had produced, "oppression" and the "cry" of the distressed. His pleasant plan;: literally, the plant of his delights; i.e. the plantation in which he had so long taken delight. He looked for judgment, etc. Gesenius has attempted to give the verbal antithesis of the Hebrew, which is quite lost in our version -

"Er harrete auf Recht, und siehe da Unrecht,
Auf Gerechtigkeit, und siehe da Schlechtigkeit."


Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel,.... This is the explication of the parable, or the accommodation and application of it to the people of Israel, by whom are meant the ten tribes; they are signified by the vineyard, which belonged to the Lord of hosts, who had chosen them to be a peculiar people to him, and had separated them from all others:

and the men of Judah his pleasant plant; they were so when first planted by the Lord; they were plants of delight, in whom he took great delight and pleasure, Deuteronomy 10:15 these design the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, in distinction from Israel:

and he looked for judgment; that the poor, and the fatherless, and the widow, would have their causes judged in a righteous manner, and that justice and judgment would be executed in the land in all respects; for which such provision was made by the good and righteous laws that were given them:

but behold oppression; or a "scab", such as was in the plague of leprosy; corruption, perverting of justice, and oppressing of the poor: Jarchi interprets it a gathering of sin to sin, a heaping up iniquities:

for righteousness, but behold a cry; of the poor and oppressed, for want of justice done, and by reason of their oppressions. Here ends the song; what has been parabolically said is literally expressed in the following part of the chapter.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

7. Isaiah here applies the parable. It is no mere human owner, nor a literal vineyard that is meant.

vineyard of the Lord—His only one (Ex 19:5; Am 3:2).

pleasant—"the plant of his delight"; just as the husbandman was at pains to select the sorek, or "choicest vine" (Isa 5:2); so God's election of the Jews.

judgment—justice. The play upon words is striking in the Hebrew, He looked for mishpat, but behold mispat ("bloodshed"); for tsedaqua, but behold tseaqua (the cry that attends anarchy, covetousness, and dissipation, Isa 5:8, 11, 12; compare the cry of the rabble by which justice was overborne in the case of Jesus Christ, Mt 27:23, 24).

Isaiah 5:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Song of the Vineyard
6"I will lay it waste; It will not be pruned or hoed, But briars and thorns will come up. I will also charge the clouds to rain no rain on it." 7For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel And the men of Judah His delightful plant. Thus He looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; For righteousness, but behold, a cry of distress.
Cross References
2 Samuel 7:10
And I will provide a place for my people Israel and will plant them so that they can have a home of their own and no longer be disturbed. Wicked people will not oppress them anymore, as they did at the beginning

Psalm 80:8
You transplanted a vine from Egypt; you drove out the nations and planted it.

Ecclesiastes 4:1
Again I looked and saw all the oppression that was taking place under the sun: I saw the tears of the oppressed-- and they have no comforter; power was on the side of their oppressors-- and they have no comforter.

Isaiah 3:14
The LORD enters into judgment against the elders and leaders of his people: "It is you who have ruined my vineyard; the plunder from the poor is in your houses.

Isaiah 3:15
What do you mean by crushing my people and grinding the faces of the poor?" declares the Lord, the LORD Almighty.

Isaiah 27:2
In that day-- "Sing about a fruitful vineyard:

Isaiah 30:12
Therefore this is what the Holy One of Israel says: "Because you have rejected this message, relied on oppression and depended on deceit,

Isaiah 59:4
No one calls for justice; no one pleads a case with integrity. They rely on empty arguments, they utter lies; they conceive trouble and give birth to evil.

Isaiah 59:13
rebellion and treachery against the LORD, turning our backs on our God, inciting revolt and oppression, uttering lies our hearts have conceived.

Isaiah 59:14
So justice is driven back, and righteousness stands at a distance; truth has stumbled in the streets, honesty cannot enter.

Jeremiah 24:2
One basket had very good figs, like those that ripen early; the other basket had very bad figs, so bad they could not be eaten.

Jeremiah 50:46
At the sound of Babylon's capture the earth will tremble; its cry will resound among the nations.

Ezekiel 22:29
The people of the land practice extortion and commit robbery; they oppress the poor and needy and mistreat the foreigner, denying them justice.

Micah 6:12
Your rich people are violent; your inhabitants are liars and their tongues speak deceitfully.
Treasury of Scripture

For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

the vineyard

Psalm 80:8-11,15 You have brought a vine out of Egypt: you have cast out the heathen, …

Jeremiah 12:10 Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion …

his pleasant plant. Heb. plant of his pleasures

Isaiah 62:5 For as a young man marries a virgin, so shall your sons marry you: …

Psalm 147:11 The LORD takes pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.

Psalm 149:4 For the LORD takes pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek …

Songs 7:6 How fair and how pleasant are you, O love, for delights!

Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD your God in the middle of you is mighty; he will save, he …

he looked

Isaiah 5:2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted …

Isaiah 58:6-8 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, …

Exodus 22:22-27 You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child…

Micah 6:8 He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require …

Zechariah 7:9-14 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and …

Matthew 3:8-10 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance…

Matthew 23:23 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe …

John 15:2 Every branch in me that bears not fruit he takes away: and every …

1 Corinthians 6:8-11 No, you do wrong, and defraud, and that your brothers…

1 John 3:7,8 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that does righteousness …

but. The paronomasia, or play of words, is very remarkable here: he looked for mishpat, judgment, but behold mispach, oppression; for tzedakah, justice, but behold tzedkah, a cry.

oppression. Heb. a scab

Isaiah 1:6 From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness …

Isaiah 3:17 Therefore the LORD will smite with a scab the crown of the head of …

a cry

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood …

Exodus 2:23,24 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: …

Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people …

Exodus 22:21-24,27 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers …

Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in your wicked heart, saying, …

Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against …

Job 31:38,39 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain…

Job 34:28 So that they cause the cry of the poor to come to him, and he hears …

Proverbs 21:13 Whoever stops his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry …

Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night to …

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

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Alphabetical: a Almighty and are behold bloodshed but cries cry delight delightful distress for garden he heard his hosts house is Israel Judah justice looked LORD men of plant righteousness saw The Thus vineyard

OT Prophets: Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of Yahweh of Armies (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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