Proverbs 31:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Let beer be for those who are perishing, wine for those who are in anguish!

New Living Translation
Alcohol is for the dying, and wine for those in bitter distress.

English Standard Version
Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter distress;

New American Standard Bible
Give strong drink to him who is perishing, And wine to him whose life is bitter.

King James Bible
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Give beer to one who is dying and wine to one whose life is bitter.

International Standard Version
Give liquor to someone who is perishing, and wine to someone who is deeply depressed.

NET Bible
Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those who are bitterly distressed;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Strong drink is given to mourners and wine to bitter souls,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Give liquor to a person who is dying and wine to one who feels resentful.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Give beer unto him that is ready to perish and wine unto those that have heavy hearts.

King James 2000 Bible
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.

American King James Version
Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that be of heavy hearts.

American Standard Version
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, And wine unto the bitter in soul:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Give strong drink to them that are sad: and wine to them that are grieved in mind:

Darby Bible Translation
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto the bitter of soul:

English Revised Version
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto the bitter in soul:

Webster's Bible Translation
Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that are of heavy hearts.

World English Bible
Give strong drink to him who is ready to perish; and wine to the bitter in soul:

Young's Literal Translation
Give strong drink to the perishing, And wine to the bitter in soul,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:1-9 When children are under the mother's eye, she has an opportunity of fashioning their minds aright. Those who are grown up, should often call to mind the good teaching they received when children. The many awful instances of promising characters who have been ruined by vile women, and love of wine, should warn every one to avoid these evils. Wine is to be used for want or medicine. Every creature of God is good, and wine, though abused, has its use. By the same rule, due praise and consolation should be used as cordials to the dejected and tempted, not administered to the confident and self-sufficient. All in authority should be more carefully temperate even than other men; and should be protectors of those who are unable or afraid to plead their own cause. Our blessed Lord did not decline the bitterest dregs of the cup of sorrow put into his hands; but he puts the cup of consolation into the hands of his people, and causes those to rejoice who are in the deepest distress.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - There are cases where strong drink may be properly administered. Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish (Job 29:13; Job 31:19). As a restorative, a cordial, or a medicine, wine may he advantageously used; it has a place in the providential economy of God. "Use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities," was St. Paul's advice to Timothy (1 Timothy 5:23). It is supposed to have been in consideration of the injunction in the text that the ladies of Jerusalem provided for criminals on their way to the place of execution a drink of medicated wine, which might deaden the pain of suffering. This was the draught rejected by Christ, who willed to taste the full bitterness of death (Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23). The Septuagint has, "to those that are in sorrow;" so the Vulgate, maerentibus, but this makes the two clauses tautological. Wine unto those that be of heavy hearts (Job 3:20). "Wine," says the psalmist, "maketh glad the heart of man" (Psalm 104:15). Says Homer, 'Iliad,' 6:261 -

"Great is the strength
Which generous wine imparts to wearied men."
Wine, says St. Chrysostom ('Hom. in Ephes.,' 19), "has been given us for cheerfulness, not for drunkenness. Wouldest thou know where wine is good? Hear what the Scripture saith, 'Give wine to them, etc. And justly, because it can mitigate asperity and gloominess, and drive away clouds from the brow" (comp. Ecclus. 34 [31]:25, etc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish,.... Thou, O Lemuel, and other kings and judges, rather than drink strong drink yourselves, least to excess; give it out of your great abundance and liberality to poor persons in starving circumstances, who must perish, unless relieved; it will do them good, moderately used; and should they drink too freely, which they ought not, yet it would not be attended with such bad consequences as if kings and princes should;

and wine to those that be of heavy heart; of melancholy dispositions, under gloomy apprehensions of things; pressed with the weight of their affliction and poverty: or, "bitter in soul" (i); such as God has dealt bitterly with, as Naomi says was her case, and therefore called her own name Marah, which signifies bitter; of such a sorrowful spirit, and one thus bitter in soul, was Hannah; and so Job, and others; persons in great affliction and distress, to whom life itself is bitter; see Ruth 1:20; now wine to such is very exhilarating and cheering; see Judges 9:13.

(i) "his qui amaro sunt animo", V. L. Pagninus, Tigurine version: "amaris animo", Montanus, Junius & Tremellius; "amaris animus", Vatablus, Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6, 7. The proper use of such drinks is to restore tone to feeble bodies and depressed minds (compare Ps 104:15).

Proverbs 31:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Words of King Lemuel
5For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And pervert the rights of all the afflicted. 6Give strong drink to him who is perishing, And wine to him whose life is bitter. 7Let him drink and forget his poverty And remember his trouble no more.…
Cross References
Job 3:20
"Why is light given to those in misery, and life to the bitter of soul,

Job 29:13
The one who was dying blessed me; I made the widow's heart sing.

Psalm 104:15
wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.

Proverbs 31:7
Let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.

Isaiah 38:15
But what can I say? He has spoken to me, and he himself has done this. I will walk humbly all my years because of this anguish of my soul.
Treasury of Scripture

Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that be of heavy hearts.

strong

Psalm 104:15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face …

1 Timothy 5:23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for your stomach's sake …

of heavy hearts or bitter of soul

1 Samuel 1:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept sore.

1 Samuel 30:6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spoke of stoning …

2 Kings 4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by …

Jump to Previous
Anguish Beer Bitter Destruction Distress Drink Hearts Heavy Life Perish Perishing Ready Soul Strong Wine
Jump to Next
Anguish Beer Bitter Destruction Distress Drink Hearts Heavy Life Perish Perishing Ready Soul Strong Wine
Links
Proverbs 31:6 NIV
Proverbs 31:6 NLT
Proverbs 31:6 ESV
Proverbs 31:6 NASB
Proverbs 31:6 KJV

Proverbs 31:6 Bible Apps
Proverbs 31:6 Bible Suite
Proverbs 31:6 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 31:6 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 31:6 French Bible
Proverbs 31:6 German Bible

Alphabetical: And anguish are beer bitter drink Give him in is life perishing strong those to who whose wine

OT Poetry: Proverbs 31:6 Give strong drink to him who (Prov. Pro Pr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Proverbs 31:5
Top of Page
Top of Page