Proverbs 20:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

New Living Translation
Wine produces mockers; alcohol leads to brawls. Those led astray by drink cannot be wise.

English Standard Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

New American Standard Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, And whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise.

King James Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Wine is a mocker, beer is a brawler, and whoever staggers because of them is not wise.

International Standard Version
Wine causes mocking, and beer causes fights; everyone led astray by them lacks wisdom.

NET Bible
Wine is a mocker and strong drink is a brawler; whoever goes astray by them is not wise.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Wine is strong and drunkenness is disgraceful, and no one that is excessive in it is wise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Wine [makes people] mock, liquor [makes them] noisy, and everyone under their influence is unwise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Wine makes a mocker, and beer a reveler, and whoever errs concerning them shall never be wise.

King James 2000 Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

American King James Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

American Standard Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; And whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wine is a luxurious thing, and drunkenness riotous: whosoever is delighted therewith shell not be wise.

Darby Bible Translation
Wine is a scorner, strong drink is raging; and whoso erreth thereby is not wise.

English Revised Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; and whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived by it is not wise.

World English Bible
Wine is a mocker, and beer is a brawler. Whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Young's Literal Translation
Wine is a scorner -- strong drink is noisy, And any going astray in it is not wise.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

20:1 It seems hard to believe that men of the greatest abilities, as well as the ignorant, should render themselves fools and madmen, merely for the taste or excitement produced by strong liquors. 2. How formidable kings are to those who provoke them! how much more foolish then is it to provoke the King of kings! 3. To engage in quarrels is the greatest folly that can be. Yield, and even give up just demands, for peace' sake. 4. He who labours and endures hardship in his seed-time for eternity, will be properly diligent as to his earthly business.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Wine is a mocker; or, scorner, the word (luts) being taken up from the last chapter. The liquor is, as it were, personified, as doing what men do under its influence. Thus inebriated persons scoff at what is holy, reject reproof, ridicule all that is serious. Septuagint, Ἀκόλαστον οϊνος, "Wine is an undisciplined thing;" Vulgate, Luxuriosa res, vinum. Strong drink is raging; a brawler, Revised Version. Shekar, σίκερα (Luke 1:15), is most frequently employed of any intoxicating drink not made from grapes, e.g. palm wine, mead, etc. The inordinate use of this renders men noisy and boisterous, no longer masters of themselves or restrained by the laws of morality or decency. Septuagint, Υβιστικὸν μέθη, "Drunkenness is insolent." Theognis has some sensible lines on this matter ('Parch.,' 479) -

Ος δ α}ν ὑπερβάλλῃ πόσιος μὲτρον οὐκέτι
Τῆς αὐτοῦ γλώσσης καρτερὸς οὐδὲ νόου
Μυθεῖται δ ἀπάλαμνα τὰ νήφοσι γίγνεται αἰσχρά
Αἰδεῖται δ ἕρδων οὐδὲν ὅταν μεθύῃ
Τὸ πρὶν ἐὼν σώφρων τότε νήπιος Whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. No one who reels under the influence of, is overpowered by, wine is wise (Isaiah 28:7). Septuagint, "Every fool is involved in such." Says a Latin adage -

"Ense cadunt multi, perimit sed crapula plures." More are drowned in the wine cup than in the ocean, say the Germans (comp. Proverbs 23:29, etc.; Ephesians 5:18).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging,.... Wine deceives a man; it not only overcomes him before he is aware, but it promises him a pleasure which it does not give; but, on the contrary, excessive drinking gives him pain, and so mocks him; yea, it exposes him to reproach and disgrace, and to the mockery and derision of others; as well as it sets him to scoff at his companions, and even to mock at religion, and all that is good and serious; see Hosea 7:5; and strong drink not only disturbs the brain, and puts the spirits in a ferment, so that a man rages within, but it sets him a raving and quarrelling with his company, and everybody he meets with; such generally get into broils and contentions, and get woe, sorrow, and wounds, Proverbs 23:29. Aben Ezra gives this as the sense of the words,

"a man of wine''

(that is, one that is given to wine, a wine bibber), so Ben Melech,

"is a mocker, and he cries out for strong drink, that it may be given him;''

which is not a bad sense of the words.

and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise; whosoever gives himself to it, is not on his guard against it, but is overcome by it, does not act a wise but an unwise part: wine besots as well as deceives men. This may be applied to the wine of fornication, or to the false doctrine and superstition of the church of Rome; with which the nations of the earth are deceived and made drunk, and which puts them upon blaspheming God, deriding his people, and using cruelty to them, Revelation 17:2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 20

Pr 20:1-30.

1. mocker—scorner. Such men are made by wine.

strong drink—made by spicing wine (compare Isa 5:11, 22); and it may include wine.

raging—or boisterous as a drunkard.

deceived—literally, "erring," or reeling.

Proverbs 20:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Wine is a Mocker
1Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, And whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise. 2The terror of a king is like the growling of a lion; He who provokes him to anger forfeits his own life.…
Cross References
Ephesians 5:18
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit,

Genesis 9:21
When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent.

Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the tent of meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,

1 Samuel 25:36
When Abigail went to Nabal, he was in the house holding a banquet like that of a king. He was in high spirits and very drunk. So she told him nothing at all until daybreak.

2 Samuel 11:13
At David's invitation, he ate and drank with him, and David made him drunk. But in the evening Uriah went out to sleep on his mat among his master's servants; he did not go home.

1 Kings 20:16
They set out at noon while Ben-Hadad and the 32 kings allied with him were in their tents getting drunk.

Proverbs 23:20
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat,

Proverbs 23:29
Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

Proverbs 23:30
Those who linger over wine, who go to sample bowls of mixed wine.

Proverbs 23:32
In the end it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper.

Proverbs 31:4
It is not for kings, Lemuel-- it is not for kings to drink wine, not for rulers to crave beer,

Isaiah 5:22
Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine and champions at mixing drinks,

Isaiah 28:7
And these also stagger from wine and reel from beer: Priests and prophets stagger from beer and are befuddled with wine; they reel from beer, they stagger when seeing visions, they stumble when rendering decisions.

Isaiah 56:12
"Come," each one cries, "let me get wine! Let us drink our fill of beer! And tomorrow will be like today, or even far better."

Hosea 4:11
to prostitution; old wine and new wine take away their understanding.

Habakkuk 2:5
indeed, wine betrays him; he is arrogant and never at rest. Because he is as greedy as the grave and like death is never satisfied, he gathers to himself all the nations and takes captive all the peoples.
Treasury of Scripture

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