James 2:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Suppose a brother or a sister is without clothes and daily food.

New Living Translation
Suppose you see a brother or sister who has no food or clothing,

English Standard Version
If a brother or sister is poorly clothed and lacking in daily food,

New American Standard Bible
If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food,

King James Bible
If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a brother or sister is without clothes and lacks daily food

International Standard Version
Suppose a brother or sister does not have any clothes or daily food

NET Bible
If a brother or sister is poorly clothed and lacks daily food,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if a brother or sister is naked and lacking daily food,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Suppose a believer, whether a man or a woman, needs clothes or food

Jubilee Bible 2000
If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food,

King James 2000 Bible
If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

American King James Version
If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

American Standard Version
If a brother or sister be naked and in lack of daily food,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if a brother or sister be naked, and want daily food:

Darby Bible Translation
Now if a brother or a sister is naked and destitute of daily food,

English Revised Version
If a brother or sister be naked, and in lack of daily food,

Webster's Bible Translation
If a brother or sister is naked, and destitute of daily food,

Weymouth New Testament
Suppose a Christian brother or sister is poorly clad or lacks daily food,

World English Bible
And if a brother or sister is naked and in lack of daily food,

Young's Literal Translation
and if a brother or sister may be naked, and may be destitute of the daily food,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:14-26 Those are wrong who put a mere notional belief of the gospel for the whole of evangelical religion, as many now do. No doubt, true faith alone, whereby men have part in Christ's righteousness, atonement, and grace, saves their souls; but it produces holy fruits, and is shown to be real by its effect on their works; while mere assent to any form of doctrine, or mere historical belief of any facts, wholly differs from this saving faith. A bare profession may gain the good opinion of pious people; and it may procure, in some cases, worldly good things; but what profit will it be, for any to gain the whole world, and to lose their souls? Can this faith save him? All things should be accounted profitable or unprofitable to us, as they tend to forward or hinder the salvation of our souls. This place of Scripture plainly shows that an opinion, or assent to the gospel, without works, is not faith. There is no way to show we really believe in Christ, but by being diligent in good works, from gospel motives, and for gospel purposes. Men may boast to others, and be conceited of that which they really have not. There is not only to be assent in faith, but consent; not only an assent to the truth of the word, but a consent to take Christ. True believing is not an act of the understanding only, but a work of the whole heart. That a justifying faith cannot be without works, is shown from two examples, Abraham and Rahab. Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness. Faith, producing such works, advanced him to peculiar favours. We see then, ver. 24, how that by works a man is justified, not by a bare opinion or profession, or believing without obeying; but by having such faith as produces good works. And to have to deny his own reason, affections, and interests, is an action fit to try a believer. Observe here, the wonderful power of faith in changing sinners. Rahab's conduct proved her faith to be living, or having power; it showed that she believed with her heart, not merely by an assent of the understanding. Let us then take heed, for the best works, without faith, are dead; they want root and principle. By faith any thing we do is really good; as done in obedience to God, and aiming at his acceptance: the root is as though it were dead, when there is no fruit. Faith is the root, good works are the fruits; and we must see to it that we have both. This is the grace of God wherein we stand, and we should stand to it. There is no middle state. Every one must either live God's friend, or God's enemy. Living to God, as it is the consequence of faith, which justifies and will save, obliges us to do nothing against him, but every thing for him and to him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 15, 16. - Observe the practical character of the illustration chosen, from works of mercy (cf. James 1:27). Ωσι in ver. 15 should be deleted (omitted by B, C, K); also the disjunctive particle δὲ at the commencement of the verse (with א, B).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If a brother or sister,.... A Christian man or woman, a fellow member of a church of Christ; for this relation is to be understood in a spiritual sense, though it does not exclude such who are in this relation in a natural sense:

be naked; or clothed in rags, or in very mean and sordid apparel, such as will neither keep them warm, nor clean and decent; for they must not be supposed to be entirely naked, but to be in a very uncomfortable and indecent garb:

and destitute of daily food; have not food sufficient for the day; or aught to support nature with, and yield them proper refreshment and nourishment.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. The Greek is, "But if," &c.: the "But" taking up the argument against such a one as "said he had faith, and yet had not works," which are its fruits.

a brother, &c.—a fellow Christian, to whom we are specially bound to give help, independent of our general obligation to help all our fellow creatures.

be—The Greek implies, "be found, on your access to them."

James 2:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
Faith and Works
14What use is it, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but he has no works? Can that faith save him? 15If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food, 16and one of you says to them, "Go in peace, be warmed and be filled," and yet you do not give them what is necessary for their body, what use is that?…
Cross References
Matthew 25:35
For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,

Matthew 25:36
I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.'

Luke 3:11
John answered, "Anyone who has two shirts should share with the one who has none, and anyone who has food should do the same."

1 John 3:17
If anyone has material possessions and sees a brother or sister in need but has no pity on them, how can the love of God be in that person?
Treasury of Scripture

If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, Has not God chosen the poor of this …

Job 31:16-21 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Isaiah 58:7,10 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Ezekiel 18:7 And has not oppressed any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, …

Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you …

Mark 14:7 For you have the poor with you always, and whenever you will you …

Luke 3:11 He answers and said to them, He that has two coats, let him impart …

Acts 9:29 And he spoke boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, and disputed against …

Hebrews 11:37 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain …

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