2228. é
Strong's Concordance
é: or, than
Original Word:
Part of Speech: Particle, Disjunctive Particle
Transliteration: é
Phonetic Spelling: (ay)
Short Definition: or, than
Definition: or, than.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. conjunction used disjunctively or cptv.
Definition
or, than
NASB Translation
either (4), nor (1), or (282), or else (4), other than (1), rather (1), rather than (2), than (36), than...or (1), whether (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2228: ἤ

, a disjunctive conjunction (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 53, 6). Used

1. to distinguish things or thoughts which either mutually exclude each other, or one of which can take the place of the other: or (Latinaut,vel);

a. to distinguish one thing from another in words of the same construction: Matthew 5:17 (τόν νόμον τούς προφήτας), Matthew 5:36 (λευκήν μέλαιναν); Matthew 6:31; Matthew 7:16; Mark 6:56; Mark 7:11; Luke 2:24; Luke 9:25; John 7:48; John 13:29; Acts 1:7; Acts 3:12; Acts 4:7; Romans 1:21; Romans 3:1; 1 Corinthians 4:3; 1 Corinthians 5:10; 1 Corinthians 10:19; Galatians 1:10, etc.

b. after an interrogative or a declarative sentence, before a question designed to prove the same thing in another way: Matthew 7:4, 9; Matthew 12:29; Matthew 16:26; Matthew 26:53; Mark 8:37; Luke 13:4; Luke 14:31; Luke 15:8; Romans 9:21; Romans 14:10; 1 Corinthians 6:16.

c. before a sentence contrary to the one just preceding, to indicate that if one be denied or refuted the other must stand: Matthew 20:15 (i. e. or, if thou wilt not grant this, is thine eye etc.); Romans 3:29; 1 Corinthians 9:6; 1 Corinthians 10:22; 1 Corinthians 11:14 (Rec.); ; 2 Corinthians 11:7; ἀγνοεῖτε etc., Romans 6:3; Romans 7:1 (cf. Romans 6:14); οὐκ ὀικατε etc., Romans 11:2; 1 Corinthians 6:9, 16, 19.

d. ... , either ... or, Matthew 6:24; Matthew 12:33; Luke 16:13; Acts 24:20; 1 Corinthians 14:6.

2. in a disjunctive question it corresponds to the Latinan afterutrum;

a. preceded by πότερον, John 7:17; cf. Klotz ad Dev. 2:2, p. 574f; preceded by the interrogative μή, 1 Corinthians 9:8; preceded by μήτι, 2 Corinthians 1:17.

b. without an intertog. particle in the first member of the interrogation: τί ἐστι εὐκοπώτερον, εἰπεῖν ... εἰπεῖν, Matthew 9:5; Mark 2:9; Luke 5:23; add, Matthew 21:25; Matthew 23:17, 19; Matthew 27:17; Mark 3:4; Luke 7:19; Acts 8:34.

c. ... ... , Mark 13:35.

3. as a comparative conjunction, than;

a. after comparatives: Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:22; Luke 9:13; Luke 16:17; John 3:19; John 4:1 (Tr marginal reading omits; WH brackets ); Acts 4:19; Romans 13:11, and often. is lacking after πλείους followed by a noun of number: Matthew 26:53 T Tr WH; Acts 4:22; Acts 23:13, 21; Acts 24:11 (where Rec. adds ); cf. Matthiae, § 455 note 4; Kühner, ii., p. 847; (Jelf, § 780 Obs. 1); Winers Grammar, 595 (554); (Buttmann, 168 (146)); Lob. ad Phryn., p. 410f.

b. after ἕτερον: Acts 17:21.

c. πρίν , before that, before, followed by accusative with an infinitive (cf. Buttmann, § 139, 35; Winer's Grammar, § 44, 6, also, p. 297 (279)): Matthew 1:18; Mark 14:30; Acts 2:20 R G WH marginal reading; Acts 7:2; followed by the aorist subjunc, Luke 2:26 Tr text omits; WH brackets ; R G (others ἕως); followed by present optative, Acts 25:16.

d. after θέλω equivalent to to prefer: 1 Corinthians 14:19 (followed by ἤπερ, 2 Macc. 14:42); examples from Greek authors are given in Klotz ad Devar. 2:2, p. 589f; Winers Grammar, § 35, 2 c.; (Buttmann, § 149, 7); Kühner, ii., p. 841; (Jelf, § 779 Obs. 3).

e. after οὐ: John 13:10 R G, where after οὐ χρείαν ἔχει the sentence goes on as though the writer had said οὐκ ἄλλου τίνος χρείαν ἔχει, (cf. Winers Grammar, 508 (478)).

f. after positive notions, to which in this way a comparative force is given: after καλόν ἐστι (it is good ... rather than) equivalent to it is better, Matthew 18:8; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; cf. Menander's saying καλόν τό μή ζῆν, ζῆν ἀθλιως, and Plautus rud. 4, 4, 70 tacita mulier est bona semper, quam loquens; similar examples in the O. T. are Genesis 49:12; Psalm 117:8 (); Jonah 4:3, 8; Tobit 6:13 Tobit 12:8; Sir. 20:25 Sir. 22:15; 4 Macc. 9:1; also after λυσιτελεῖ (it is gain ... rather than) equivalent to it is better (Tobit 3:6), Luke 17:2; after χαρά ἐστι (there will be joy ... more than), Luke 15:7; see examples from Greek authors in Alexander Buttmann (1873) Gram. § 149, 7; (Buttmann, p. 360 (309)); Winer, Kühner, others, as above.

4. with other particles;

a. ἀλλ' , see ἀλλά, I. 10, p. 28a.

b. γάρ, see γάρ, I. at the end c. καί (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 53, 6 note), α. or even, or also (Latinautetiam,veletiam): (Matthew 7:10 L T Tr WH); Luke 11:11 G L T Tr WH; Luke 11:12; Luke 18:11; Romans 2:15; 1 Corinthians 16:6; 2 Corinthians 1:13. β. or also (Latinanetiam) (in a disjunctive question): Luke 12:41; Romans 4:9.

d. ἤπερ, than at all (Latinquamforte; German alsetwa), after a comparitive (cf. Jelf, § 779 Obs. 5): John 12:43 (L περ, WH marginal reading ὑπέρ) (2 Macc. 14:42; Homer, Hesiod).

e. ἤτοι ... , either indeed (cf. Kühner, § 540, 5) ... or: Romans 6:16 (Wis. 11:19; Herodotus and following).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
and, but, either, rather

A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than -- and, but (either), (n-)either, except it be, (n-)or (else), rather, save, than, that, what, yea. Often used in connection with other particles. Compare especially ede, eper, etoi.

see GREEK ede

see GREEK eper

see GREEK etoi

Forms and Transliterations
η ἤ ἢ e ē ḗ ḕ
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 2228
346 Occurrences


ἢ — 346 Occ.

Matthew 1:18 Prtcl
GRK: Ἰωσήφ πρὶν συνελθεῖν αὐτοὺς
INT: to Joseph before rather came together they

Matthew 5:17 Prtcl
GRK: τὸν νόμον τοὺς προφήτας
NAS: the Law or the Prophets;
KJV: the law, or the prophets:
INT: the law or the prophets

Matthew 5:18 Prtcl
GRK: ἰῶτα ἓν μία κεραία
NAS: letter or stroke
KJV: one jot or one tittle
INT: jot one or one tittle

Matthew 5:36 Prtcl
GRK: λευκὴν ποιῆσαι μέλαιναν
NAS: hair white or black.
KJV: hair white or black.
INT: white to make or black

Matthew 6:24 Prtcl
GRK: κυρίοις δουλεύειν γὰρ τὸν
NAS: masters; for either he will hate
KJV: for either he will hate
INT: masters to serve either indeed the

Matthew 6:24 Prtcl
GRK: ἕτερον ἀγαπήσει ἑνὸς ἀνθέξεται
NAS: the other, or he will be devoted
KJV: the other; or else he will hold
INT: other he will love or [the] one he will be devoted to

Matthew 6:25 Art-NFS
GRK: τί φάγητε τί πίητε
INT: what you should eat nor what you should drink

Matthew 6:31 Prtcl
GRK: Τί φάγωμεν Τί πίωμεν
NAS: will we eat?' or 'What
KJV: shall we eat? or, What
INT: What shall we eat or what shall we drink

Matthew 6:31 Prtcl
GRK: Τί πίωμεν Τί περιβαλώμεθα
NAS: will we drink?' or 'What
KJV: shall we drink? or, Wherewithal
INT: what shall we drink or with what shall we be clothed

Matthew 7:4 Prtcl
GRK: πῶς ἐρεῖς
NAS: Or how can you say
KJV: Or how wilt thou say
INT: Or how will you say

Matthew 7:9 Prtcl
GRK: τίς ἐστιν
NAS: Or what man
KJV: Or what man
INT: Or which is

Matthew 7:10 Prtcl
GRK: καὶ ἰχθὺν
NAS: Or if he asks
INT: or also a fish

Matthew 7:16 Prtcl
GRK: ἀκανθῶν σταφυλὰς ἀπὸ τριβόλων
NAS: from thorn [bushes] nor figs
KJV: of thorns, or figs of
INT: thorns grapes or from thistles

Matthew 9:5 Prtcl
GRK: αἱ ἁμαρτίαι εἰπεῖν Ἔγειρε
NAS: are forgiven,' or to say,
KJV: be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise,
INT: sins or to say Arise

Matthew 10:11 Prtcl
GRK: ἂν πόλιν κώμην εἰσέλθητε
NAS: city or village
KJV: city or town
INT: anyhow city or village you enter

Matthew 10:14 Prtcl
GRK: τῆς οἰκίας τῆς πόλεως
NAS: out of that house or that city,
KJV: of that house or city, shake off
INT: of [that] house or the city

Matthew 10:15 Prtcl
GRK: ἡμέρᾳ κρίσεως τῇ πόλει
NAS: of judgment than for that city.
KJV: of judgment, than for that
INT: day of judgment than the city

Matthew 10:19 Prtcl
GRK: μεριμνήσητε πῶς τί λαλήσητε
NAS: about how or what
KJV: thought how or what ye shall speak:
INT: be anxious how or what you should speak

Matthew 10:37 Prtcl
GRK: φιλῶν πατέρα μητέρα ὑπὲρ
NAS: He who loves father or mother more
KJV: father or mother
INT: loves father or mother above

Matthew 10:37 Prtcl
GRK: φιλῶν υἱὸν θυγατέρα ὑπὲρ
NAS: son or daughter
KJV: son or daughter
INT: loves son or daughter above

Matthew 11:3 Prtcl
GRK: ὁ ἐρχόμενος ἕτερον προσδοκῶμεν
NAS: to Him, Are You the Expected One, or shall we look
KJV: he that should come, or do we look
INT: the coming [one] or another are we to look for

Matthew 11:22 Prtcl
GRK: ἡμέρᾳ κρίσεως ὑμῖν
NAS: in [the] day of judgment than for you.
KJV: the day of judgment, than for you.
INT: day of judgment than for you

Matthew 11:24 Prtcl
GRK: ἡμέρᾳ κρίσεως σοί
NAS: of judgment, than for you.
KJV: the day of judgment, than for thee.
INT: day of judgment than for you

Matthew 12:5 Prtcl
GRK: οὐκ ἀνέγνωτε
NAS: Or have you not read in the Law,
KJV: Or have ye not
INT: Or not have you read

Matthew 12:25 Prtcl
GRK: πᾶσα πόλις οἰκία μερισθεῖσα
NAS: and any city or house divided
KJV: every city or house divided
INT: every city or house having divided

346 Occurrences

2227
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