Proverbs 31:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves, for the rights of all who are destitute.

New Living Translation
Speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves; ensure justice for those being crushed.

English Standard Version
Open your mouth for the mute, for the rights of all who are destitute.

New American Standard Bible
Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all the unfortunate.

King James Bible
Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Speak up for those who have no voice, for the justice of all who are dispossessed.

International Standard Version
Speak for those who cannot speak; seek justice for all those on the verge of destruction.

NET Bible
Open your mouth on behalf of those unable to speak, for the legal rights of all the dying.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Open your mouth with the word of truth and judge all the sons of evil.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Speak out for the one who cannot speak, for the rights of those who are doomed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Open thy mouth for those who cannot speak in the judgment of all the sons of death.

King James 2000 Bible
Open your mouth for the dumb, for the cause of all who are left desolate.

American King James Version
Open your mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

American Standard Version
Open thy mouth for the dumb, In the cause of all such as are left desolate.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Open thy mouth for the dumb, and for the causes of all the children that pass.

Darby Bible Translation
Open thy mouth for the dumb, for the cause of all those that are left desolate.

English Revised Version
Open thy mouth for the dumb, in the cause of all such as are left desolate.

Webster's Bible Translation
Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

World English Bible
Open your mouth for the mute, in the cause of all who are left desolate.

Young's Literal Translation
Open thy mouth for the dumb, For the right of all sons of change.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:1-9 When children are under the mother's eye, she has an opportunity of fashioning their minds aright. Those who are grown up, should often call to mind the good teaching they received when children. The many awful instances of promising characters who have been ruined by vile women, and love of wine, should warn every one to avoid these evils. Wine is to be used for want or medicine. Every creature of God is good, and wine, though abused, has its use. By the same rule, due praise and consolation should be used as cordials to the dejected and tempted, not administered to the confident and self-sufficient. All in authority should be more carefully temperate even than other men; and should be protectors of those who are unable or afraid to plead their own cause. Our blessed Lord did not decline the bitterest dregs of the cup of sorrow put into his hands; but he puts the cup of consolation into the hands of his people, and causes those to rejoice who are in the deepest distress.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 8, 9. - The third exhortation, admonishing the king to judge righteously. Verse 8. - Open thy mouth for the dumb. The "dumb" is any one who for any reason whatever is unable to plead his own cause; he may be of tender age, or of lowly station, or ignorant, timid, and boorish; and the prince is enjoined to plead for him and defend him (comp. Job 29:15). In the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction; literally, the sons of passing away (Isaiah 2:18); i.e. not orphans, children whose parents have vanished from the earth, nor strangers from a foreign country, nor, generally, mortals, subjects of frail human nature (all of which explanations have been given), but persons who are in imminent danger of perishing, certain, if left unaided, to come to ruin (comp. Job 29:12). Septuagint, "Open thy mouth for the Word of God, and judge all men soundly (ὑγιῶς)."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Open thy mouth for the dumb,.... Not who are naturally so, but who cannot speak in their own behalf, either through want of elocution, or knowledge of the laws; or who are bashful, timorous, and fearful, being overawed by the majesty of a court of judicature, or by their prosecutors; or who, as they have not a tongue, so not a purse, to speak for them, the fatherless and the widow; which latter has her name, in the Hebrew language, from dumbness. Here Lemuel's mother advises him to open his mouth freely, readily, boldly, and intrepidly, and plead for such persons. Even

in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction; whose destruction is resolved on by their accusers and prosecutors; and who are in danger of it, being charged with capital crimes; unless some persons of wisdom, power, and authority, interpose on their behalf. It may be rendered, "in the cause of all the children of change", or "passing away" (s); the children of the world, which passeth away with all things in it, as Kimchi; or orphans, whose help passeth away, as Jarchi; or rather strangers, as others, who pass from place to place and whose state and condition is liable to many changes who may be ignorant of the laws of the country where they are, and may stand in need of persons to plead for them.

(s) "filiormn transitus", Montanus, Gejerus, Michaelis; "transeuntis, sub. seculi", Vatablus, so Ben Melech; "filiorum mutationis loci", Piscator; "filii mutationis, h. e. hujus mundi", Baynus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8, 9. Open … cause—Plead for those who cannot plead for themselves, as the orphan, stranger, &c. (compare Ps 72:12; Isa 1:17).

appointed to destruction—who are otherwise ruined by their oppressors (compare Pr 29:14, 16).

Proverbs 31:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Words of King Lemuel
7Let him drink and forget his poverty And remember his trouble no more. 8Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all the unfortunate. 9Open your mouth, judge righteously, And defend the rights of the afflicted and needy.
Cross References
1 Samuel 19:4
Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, "Let not the king do wrong to his servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly.

Job 29:12
because I rescued the poor who cried for help, and the fatherless who had none to assist them.

Psalm 82:1
A psalm of Asaph. God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the "gods":

Proverbs 29:7
The righteous care about justice for the poor, but the wicked have no such concern.

Proverbs 31:7
Let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.
Treasury of Scripture

Open your mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

open

Proverbs 24:7,11,12 Wisdom is too high for a fool: he opens not his mouth in the gate…

1 Samuel 19:4-7 And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to …

1 Samuel 20:32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why shall …

1 Samuel 22:14,15 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful …

Esther 4:13-16 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with yourself …

Job 29:9,17 The princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth…

Psalm 82:3,4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy…

Jeremiah 26:16-19,24 Then said the princes and all the people to the priests and to the …

Jeremiah 38:7-10 Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in …

John 7:51 Does our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he does?

such

Psalm 79:11 Let the sighing of the prisoner come before you; according to the …

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