Proverbs 31:5
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New International Version
lest they drink and forget what has been decreed, and deprive all the oppressed of their rights.

New Living Translation
For if they drink, they may forget the law and not give justice to the oppressed.

English Standard Version
lest they drink and forget what has been decreed and pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

New American Standard Bible
For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

King James Bible
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Otherwise, they will drink, forget what is decreed, and pervert justice for all the oppressed.

International Standard Version
Otherwise, they may drink and forget what has been ordained, perverting justice for all the oppressed.

NET Bible
lest they drink and forget what is decreed, and remove from all the poor their legal rights.

New Heart English Bible
lest they drink, and forget the decree, and pervert the justice due to anyone who is afflicted.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Lest you drink and you forget the Prophet, and you forget the judgment of all the poor children.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Otherwise, they drink and forget what they have decreed and change the standard of justice for all oppressed people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Lest they drink, and forget that which is decreed, And pervert the justice due to any that is afflicted.

New American Standard 1977
Lest they drink and forget what is decreed,
            And pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

Jubilee Bible 2000
lest they drink and forget the law and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

King James 2000 Bible
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the justice of any of the afflicted.

American King James Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

American Standard Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, And pervert the justice due to any that is afflicted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And lest they drink and forget judgments, and pervert the cause of the children of the poor.

Darby Bible Translation
lest they drink And forget the law, And pervert the judgment of any of the children of affliction.

English Revised Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any that is afflicted.

Webster's Bible Translation
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

World English Bible
lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the justice due to anyone who is afflicted.

Young's Literal Translation
Lest he drink, and forget the decree, And change the judgment of any of the sons of affliction.
Study Bible
The Words of King Lemuel
4It is not for kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink, 5For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And pervert the rights of all the afflicted. 6Give strong drink to him who is perishing, And wine to him whose life is bitter.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:6
"You shall not pervert the justice due to your needy brother in his dispute.

Leviticus 10:9
"Do not drink wine or strong drink, neither you nor your sons with you, when you come into the tent of meeting, so that you will not die-- it is a perpetual statute throughout your generations--

Deuteronomy 16:19
"You shall not distort justice; you shall not be partial, and you shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and perverts the words of the righteous.

1 Kings 20:12
When Ben-hadad heard this message, as he was drinking with the kings in the temporary shelters, he said to his servants, "Station yourselves." So they stationed themselves against the city.

Proverbs 17:15
He who justifies the wicked and he who condemns the righteous, Both of them alike are an abomination to the LORD.

Proverbs 18:5
To show partiality to the wicked is not good, Nor to thrust aside the righteous in judgment.
Treasury of Scripture

Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

prevent

Habakkuk 2:5 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither …

Verse 5. - This gives a reason for the warning. Lest they drink, and forget the Law. That which has been decreed, and is right and lawful, the appointed ordinance, particularly as regards the administration of justice. Septuagint, "Lest drinking, they forget wisdom." And pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted; literally, of all the sons of affliction; i.e. the whole class of poorer people. Intemperance leads to selfish disregard of others' claims, an inability to examine questions impartially, and consequent perversion of justice. Isaiah (Isaiah 5:23) speaks of intoxication as inducing men to "justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him." Lest they drink, and forget the law,.... The law of God by Moses, which the kings of Israel were obliged to write a copy of, and read over daily, to imprint it on their minds, that they might never forget it, but always govern according to it, Deuteronomy 17:18; or the law of their ancestors, or what was made by themselves, which through intemperance may be forgotten; for this sin stupefies the mind and hurts the memory, and makes men forgetful;

and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted; a king on the throne, or a judge on the bench, drunk, must be very unfit for his office; since he must be incapable of attending to the cause before him, of taking in the true state of the case; and, as he forgets the law, which is his rule of judgment, so he will mistake the point in debate, and put one thing for another; and "change" (g) and alter, as the word signifies, the judgment of the afflicted and injured person, and give the cause against him which should be for him; and therefore it is of great consequence that kings and judges should he sober. A certain woman, being undeservedly condemned by Philip king of Macedon, when drunk, said,

"I would appeal to Philip, but it shall be when he is sober;''

which aroused him; and, more diligently examining the cause, he gave, a more righteous sentence (h).

(g) "mutet", Pagninus, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Mercerus, Cocceius, Gejerus, Michaelis; "demutet", Schultens. (h) Valer. Maxim l. 6. c. 2. extern. 1.31:1-9 When children are under the mother's eye, she has an opportunity of fashioning their minds aright. Those who are grown up, should often call to mind the good teaching they received when children. The many awful instances of promising characters who have been ruined by vile women, and love of wine, should warn every one to avoid these evils. Wine is to be used for want or medicine. Every creature of God is good, and wine, though abused, has its use. By the same rule, due praise and consolation should be used as cordials to the dejected and tempted, not administered to the confident and self-sufficient. All in authority should be more carefully temperate even than other men; and should be protectors of those who are unable or afraid to plead their own cause. Our blessed Lord did not decline the bitterest dregs of the cup of sorrow put into his hands; but he puts the cup of consolation into the hands of his people, and causes those to rejoice who are in the deepest distress.
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