Proverbs 31:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
lest they drink and forget what has been decreed, and deprive all the oppressed of their rights.

New Living Translation
For if they drink, they may forget the law and not give justice to the oppressed.

English Standard Version
lest they drink and forget what has been decreed and pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

New American Standard Bible
For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

King James Bible
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Otherwise, they will drink, forget what is decreed, and pervert justice for all the oppressed.

International Standard Version
Otherwise, they may drink and forget what has been ordained, perverting justice for all the oppressed.

NET Bible
lest they drink and forget what is decreed, and remove from all the poor their legal rights.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Lest you drink and you forget the Prophet, and you forget the judgment of all the poor children.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Otherwise, they drink and forget what they have decreed and change the standard of justice for all oppressed people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
lest they drink and forget the law and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

King James 2000 Bible
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the justice of any of the afflicted.

American King James Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

American Standard Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, And pervert the justice due to any that is afflicted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And lest they drink and forget judgments, and pervert the cause of the children of the poor.

Darby Bible Translation
lest they drink And forget the law, And pervert the judgment of any of the children of affliction.

English Revised Version
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any that is afflicted.

Webster's Bible Translation
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

World English Bible
lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the justice due to anyone who is afflicted.

Young's Literal Translation
Lest he drink, and forget the decree, And change the judgment of any of the sons of affliction.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:1-9 When children are under the mother's eye, she has an opportunity of fashioning their minds aright. Those who are grown up, should often call to mind the good teaching they received when children. The many awful instances of promising characters who have been ruined by vile women, and love of wine, should warn every one to avoid these evils. Wine is to be used for want or medicine. Every creature of God is good, and wine, though abused, has its use. By the same rule, due praise and consolation should be used as cordials to the dejected and tempted, not administered to the confident and self-sufficient. All in authority should be more carefully temperate even than other men; and should be protectors of those who are unable or afraid to plead their own cause. Our blessed Lord did not decline the bitterest dregs of the cup of sorrow put into his hands; but he puts the cup of consolation into the hands of his people, and causes those to rejoice who are in the deepest distress.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - This gives a reason for the warning. Lest they drink, and forget the Law. That which has been decreed, and is right and lawful, the appointed ordinance, particularly as regards the administration of justice. Septuagint, "Lest drinking, they forget wisdom." And pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted; literally, of all the sons of affliction; i.e. the whole class of poorer people. Intemperance leads to selfish disregard of others' claims, an inability to examine questions impartially, and consequent perversion of justice. Isaiah (Isaiah 5:23) speaks of intoxication as inducing men to "justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Lest they drink, and forget the law,.... The law of God by Moses, which the kings of Israel were obliged to write a copy of, and read over daily, to imprint it on their minds, that they might never forget it, but always govern according to it, Deuteronomy 17:18; or the law of their ancestors, or what was made by themselves, which through intemperance may be forgotten; for this sin stupefies the mind and hurts the memory, and makes men forgetful;

and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted; a king on the throne, or a judge on the bench, drunk, must be very unfit for his office; since he must be incapable of attending to the cause before him, of taking in the true state of the case; and, as he forgets the law, which is his rule of judgment, so he will mistake the point in debate, and put one thing for another; and "change" (g) and alter, as the word signifies, the judgment of the afflicted and injured person, and give the cause against him which should be for him; and therefore it is of great consequence that kings and judges should he sober. A certain woman, being undeservedly condemned by Philip king of Macedon, when drunk, said,

"I would appeal to Philip, but it shall be when he is sober;''

which aroused him; and, more diligently examining the cause, he gave, a more righteous sentence (h).

(g) "mutet", Pagninus, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Mercerus, Cocceius, Gejerus, Michaelis; "demutet", Schultens. (h) Valer. Maxim l. 6. c. 2. extern. 1.



Proverbs 31:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Words of King Lemuel
4It is not for kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink, 5For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And pervert the rights of all the afflicted. 6Give strong drink to him who is perishing, And wine to him whose life is bitter.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:6
"Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits.

Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the tent of meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent.

1 Kings 20:12
Ben-Hadad heard this message while he and the kings were drinking in their tents, and he ordered his men: "Prepare to attack." So they prepared to attack the city.

Proverbs 17:15
Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent-- the LORD detests them both.

Proverbs 18:5
It is not good to be partial to the wicked and so deprive the innocent of justice.
Treasury of Scripture

Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

prevent

Habakkuk 2:5 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither …

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