8138. shanah
Strong's Concordance
shanah: to repeat, do again
Original Word: שָׁנָה
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shanah
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-naw')
Short Definition: time
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to repeat, do again
NASB Translation
again (1), did it a second time (1), do it a second time (1), do so again (1), repeating (1), repeats (2), second time (3), speak again (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. [שָׁנָה] verb change (Late Hebrew Pi`el, etc.; Ecclus 42:24; etc.; Assyrian šanû, change, Aramaic שְׁנָא, Nabataean Ethpa`al Lzb379; Syriac , especially mentally = grow insane; compare (probably) Late Hebrew שָׁנָה year, = Phoenician שנת, שת; MI2, 8 שת; Assyrian šattu (compare Muss-ArnJBL xi (1892), 73 n.); Arabic ; Aramaic שְׁנַא, שַׁתָּא, , ; Old Aramaic, Nabataean, Palmyrene שנתא, שנת, שת, שנן Lzb379f.; on year from changing seasons, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 79 f. BaZMG xll (1887), 612, 621, 636 (especially against DHMVIme Orient. Congr. ii. 1, 452 who proposes biliteral √), compare Thes; a daring suggestion by JenZA vii (1892), 177); —

Qal Perfect1singular לאֹ שָׁנִיתִי Malachi 3:6 I am ׳׳י, I do not change: Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׁנֶא (Ges§ 75rr) Lamentations 4:1 how is the fine gold changed (si vera lectio; LöhrNow יִשָּׁנֵא; gloss on יוּעַס Bu Löhr); Infinitive construct שְׁנוֺת יְמִין עֶלְיוֺן Psalm 77:11 the right hand of the Highest is changed (ᵑ6 ᵑ9 ᵑ7 Aq Symm Theod Hup-Now RVm Bae Du We Buhl; AV RV Ew De Che and others years, usually insert I will remember); Participle שׁוֺנִים Esther 1:7 differing, different, with מִן, compare Esther 3:8 (so Ecclus 42:24); Proverbs 24:21 those who change (but dubious, see Toy).

Pi`el transitive, change, alter: Perfect3masculine singular שִׁנָּה Jeremiah 52:33 with accusative garments, = שִׁנָּא (Gesl.c.) 2 Kings 25:29; Imperfect3masculine singular יְשַׁנֶּה דִּין Proverbs 31:5 lest he pervert the judgment; וַיְשַׁנּוֺ 1 Samuel 21:14 (read וַיְשַׁן Ges§ 75bb, וַיְשַׁנֶּה We Dr (and references), compare Bu HPS Now), with accusative טַעְמוֺ (see טַעַם, and Assyrian šanê ‰êmi, madness); וַיְשַׁנֶּהָ Esther 2:9, i.e. changed her place לְטוֺב בֵּית הַנָּשִׁים; 1 singular Psalm 89:35 the utterance of my lips I will not change ("" לֹא אֲחַלֵּל בְּרִיתִי); Infinitive construct לְשַׁנּוֺת אֶתדַּֿרְכֵךְ Jeremiah 2:36 i.e. change thy political course; בְּשַׁנּוֺתוֺ אֶתֿ טַעְמוֺ Psalm 34:1 (title; compare 1 Samuel 21:14 above); Participle מְשַׁנֶּה פָנָיו Job 14:20 altering his face, i.e. in death (subject God).

Pu`al Imperfect3masculine singular וְעֹז מָּנָיו יְשֻׁנֶּא (Ges§ 75rr) Ecclesiastes 8:1, usually is changed, mollified, Siegf יִשָּׂנֵא is hated (on ׳עֹז פ see עֹז

4, √עזז).

Hithpa`el Perfect2feminine singular consecutive קוּמִי וְהִשְׁתַּנִּית 1 Kings 14:2 arise, pray, and disguise thyself.

III. שָׁנָה verb repeat, do again (Late Hebrew id.; Ecclus 42:1; Arabic bend, fold, double; Aramaic תְּנָא repeat, also teach, ; Assyrian šanû, especially Pi`el repeat, relate, compare ScheilZA v (1890), 409 (Dl thinks denominative); on ׳שׁ as √of שְׁנַיִם two, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 77 Baib. xli (1887), 603); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ 2 Samuel 20:10; Imperfect1singular אֶשְׁנֶה 1 Samuel 26:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שְׁנוּ 1 Kings 18:34; Participle שֹׁנֶה Proverbs 17:9; Proverbs 26:11; — do again: לוֺ ׳וַיַּכֵּהוּוְ֗֗֗לֹא שׁ 2 Samuel 20:10, compare 1 Samuel 26:8; absolute 1 Kings 18:34 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 13:21; = speak again Job 29:22 + Job 40:5 according to many moderns (אשׁנה for ᵑ0 אענה); בְּדָבָר ׳שׁ Proverbs 17:9 repeat with a thing, keep talking about it (שנות דבר Ecclus 42:1); Proverbs 26:11 a dullard repeats with (ב) his folly, does it over again (learns nothing by experience).

Niph`al Infinitive construct וְעַל הִשָּׁנוֺת הַחֲלוֺם אֶלמַּֿרְעֹה מַּעֲמָ֑יִם Genesis 41:32 (E) concerning the dream's being repeated, etc.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
do speak, strike again, alter, double, be given to change, disguise, be diverse, pervert,

A primitive root; to fold, i.e. Duplicate (literally or figuratively); by implication, to transmute (transitive or intransitive) -- do (speak, strike) again, alter, double, (be given to) change, disguise, (be) diverse, pervert, prefer, repeat, return, do the second time.

Forms and Transliterations
אֲשַׁנֶּֽה׃ אֶשְׁנֶ֖ה אשנה אשנה׃ בְּשַׁנּוֹת֣וֹ בשנותו הִשָּׁנ֧וֹת השנות וְהִשְׁתַּנִּ֔ית וְשִׁנָּ֕ה וְשֹׁנֶ֥ה וִֽ֝ישַׁנֶּה וַיְשַׁנֶּ֧הָ וַיְשַׁנּ֤וֹ וַיִּשְׁנ֔וּ והשתנית וישנה וישנו ונים ושנה יִשְׁנ֑וּ ישנו לְשַׁנּ֣וֹת לשנות מְשַׁנֶּ֥ה משנה שְׁנוּ֙ שָׁ֥נָה שָׁנִ֑יתִי שֹׁנ֣וֹת שׁ֝וֹנִ֗ים שׁוֹנִ֑ים שׁוֹנֶ֥ה שונה שונים שנה שנו שנות שניתי תִּשְׁנ֕וּ תשנו ’ă·šan·neh ’ăšanneh ’eš·neh ’ešneh ashanNeh bə·šan·nō·w·ṯōw bəšannōwṯōw beshannoTo eshNeh hiš·šā·nō·wṯ hishshaNot hiššānōwṯ lə·šan·nō·wṯ ləšannōwṯ leshanNot mə·šan·neh məšanneh meshanNeh šā·nāh šā·nî·ṯî šānāh šānîṯî šə·nū šənū Shanah shaNiti sheNu shoNeh shoNim shoNot šō·nō·wṯ šō·w·neh šō·w·nîm šōnōwṯ šōwneh šōwnîm tiš·nū tishNu tišnū vaiyishNu vayshanNeha vayshanNo vehishtanNit veshinNah veshoNeh Vishanneh vNim w·nîm way·šan·ne·hā way·šan·nōw way·yiš·nū wayšannehā wayšannōw wayyišnū wə·hiš·tan·nîṯ wə·šin·nāh wə·šō·neh wəhištannîṯ wəšinnāh wəšōneh wî·šan·neh wîšanneh wnîm yiš·nū yishNu yišnū
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Strong's Hebrew 8138
22 Occurrences


’ă·šan·neh — 1 Occ.
bə·šan·nō·w·ṯōw — 1 Occ.
’eš·neh — 1 Occ.
hiš·šā·nō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
lə·šan·nō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
mə·šan·neh — 1 Occ.
šā·nāh — 1 Occ.
šā·nî·ṯî — 1 Occ.
šə·nū — 1 Occ.
šō·w·neh — 1 Occ.
šō·w·nîm — 1 Occ.
šō·nō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
tiš·nū — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·nū — 1 Occ.
way·šan·ne·hā — 1 Occ.
way·šan·nōw — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·tan·nîṯ — 1 Occ.
wə·šin·nāh — 1 Occ.
wə·šō·neh — 1 Occ.
wî·šan·neh — 1 Occ.
w·nîm — 1 Occ.
yiš·nū — 1 Occ.

Genesis 41:32
HEB: וְעַ֨ל הִשָּׁנ֧וֹת הַחֲל֛וֹם אֶל־
NAS: Now as for the repeating of the dream
KJV: And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh
INT: for the repeating of the dream to

1 Samuel 21:14
HEB: וַיְשַׁנּ֤וֹ אֶת־ טַעְמוֹ֙
INT: do speak advice affliction

1 Samuel 26:8
HEB: אַחַ֔ת וְלֹ֥א אֶשְׁנֶ֖ה לֽוֹ׃
NAS: stroke, and I will not strike him the second time.
KJV: at once, and I will not [smite] him the second time.
INT: one not the second

2 Samuel 20:10
HEB: אַ֛רְצָה וְלֹא־ שָׁ֥נָה ל֖וֹ וַיָּמֹ֑ת
NAS: on the ground, and did not [strike] him again, and he died.
KJV: to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died.
INT: the ground and did not him again died Joab

1 Kings 14:2
HEB: ק֤וּמִי נָא֙ וְהִשְׁתַּנִּ֔ית וְלֹ֣א יֵֽדְע֔וּ
KJV: Arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself, that thou be not known
INT: Arise now and disguise they will not know

1 Kings 18:34
HEB: הָעֵצִ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שְׁנוּ֙ וַיִּשְׁנ֔וּ וַיֹּ֥אמֶר
NAS: And he said, Do it a second time, and they did it a second time.
KJV: And he said, Do [it] the second time. And they did [it] the second time.
INT: the wood said Do A second said

1 Kings 18:34
HEB: וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שְׁנוּ֙ וַיִּשְׁנ֔וּ וַיֹּ֥אמֶר שַׁלֵּ֖שׁוּ
NAS: Do it a second time, and they did it a second time. And he said,
KJV: Do [it] the second time. And they did [it] the second time. And he said,
INT: said Do A second said Do

Nehemiah 13:21
HEB: הַחוֹמָ֔ה אִם־ תִּשְׁנ֕וּ יָ֖ד אֶשְׁלַ֣ח
NAS: If you do so again, I will use
KJV: the wall? if ye do [so] again, I will lay
INT: wall lo do force will use

Esther 1:7
HEB: וְכֵלִ֖ים מִכֵּלִ֣ים שׁוֹנִ֑ים וְיֵ֥ין מַלְכ֛וּת
KJV: (the vessels being diverse one from another,)
INT: kinds vessels diverse wine and the royal

Esther 2:9
HEB: מִבֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ וַיְשַׁנֶּ֧הָ וְאֶת־ נַעֲרוֹתֶ֛יהָ
KJV: house: and he preferred her and her maids
INT: palace the king's preferred maids to the best

Esther 3:8
HEB: מַלְכוּתֶ֑ךָ וְדָתֵיהֶ֞ם שֹׁנ֣וֹת מִכָּל־ עָ֗ם
KJV: and their laws [are] diverse from all people;
INT: of your kingdom their laws diverse all people

Job 14:20
HEB: לָ֭נֶצַח וַֽיַּהֲלֹ֑ךְ מְשַׁנֶּ֥ה פָ֝נָ֗יו וַֽתְּשַׁלְּחֵֽהוּ׃
KJV: against him, and he passeth: thou changest his countenance,
INT: forever departs changest his appearance and send

Job 29:22
HEB: דְ֭בָרִי לֹ֣א יִשְׁנ֑וּ וְ֝עָלֵ֗ימוֹ תִּטֹּ֥ף
NAS: my words they did not speak again, And my speech
KJV: my words they spake not again; and my speech
INT: my words did not speak and dropped

Psalm 34:1
HEB: לְדָוִ֗ד בְּשַׁנּוֹת֣וֹ אֶת־ טַ֭עְמוֹ
KJV: <<[A Psalm] of David, when he changed his behaviour
INT: David changed his behaviour before

Psalm 89:34
HEB: שְׂ֝פָתַ֗י לֹ֣א אֲשַׁנֶּֽה׃
KJV: will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out
INT: of my lips Nor alter

Proverbs 17:9
HEB: מְבַקֵּ֣שׁ אַהֲבָ֑ה וְשֹׁנֶ֥ה בְ֝דָבָ֗ר מַפְרִ֥יד
NAS: love, But he who repeats a matter
KJV: love; but he that repeateth a matter
INT: seeks love repeats A matter separates

Proverbs 24:21
HEB: וָמֶ֑לֶךְ עִם־ שׁ֝וֹנִ֗ים אַל־ תִּתְעָרָֽב׃
KJV: [and] meddle not with them that are given to change:
INT: and the king are given to change not associate

Proverbs 26:11
HEB: קֵא֑וֹ כְּ֝סִ֗יל שׁוֹנֶ֥ה בְאִוַּלְתּֽוֹ׃
NAS: Is a fool who repeats his folly.
KJV: [so] a fool returneth to his folly.
INT: vomit fool repeats his folly

Proverbs 31:5
HEB: וְיִשְׁכַּ֣ח מְחֻקָּ֑ק וִֽ֝ישַׁנֶּה דִּ֣ין כָּל־
KJV: the law, and pervert the judgment
INT: and forget is decreed and pervert the rights of all

Jeremiah 2:36
HEB: תֵּזְלִ֥י מְאֹ֖ד לְשַׁנּ֣וֹת אֶת־ דַּרְכֵּ֑ךְ
KJV: so much to change thy way?
INT: go so to change along by

Jeremiah 52:33
HEB: וְשִׁנָּ֕ה אֵ֖ת בִּגְדֵ֣י
KJV: And changed his prison garments:
INT: and changed clothes his prison

Malachi 3:6
HEB: יְהוָ֖ה לֹ֣א שָׁנִ֑יתִי וְאַתֶּ֥ם בְּנֵֽי־
KJV: For I [am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons
INT: the LORD not change O sons

22 Occurrences

8137
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