Psalm 104:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.

New Living Translation
wine to make them glad, olive oil to soothe their skin, and bread to give them strength.

English Standard Version
and wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make his face shine and bread to strengthen man’s heart.

New American Standard Bible
And wine which makes man's heart glad, So that he may make his face glisten with oil, And food which sustains man's heart.

King James Bible
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
wine that makes man's heart glad-- making his face shine with oil-- and bread that sustains man's heart.

International Standard Version
like wine that makes the heart of people happy, oil that makes the face glow, and food that sustains people.

NET Bible
as well as wine that makes people feel so good, and so they can have oil to make their faces shine, as well as food that sustains people's lives.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Wine gladdens the heart of the son of man and brightens his face with oil; bread sustains the heart of the son of man.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You make wine to cheer human hearts, olive oil to make faces shine, and bread to strengthen human hearts.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and wine that makes glad the heart of man, making his face to shine with oil and bread which sustains man's heart.

King James 2000 Bible
And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

American King James Version
And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

American Standard Version
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, And oil to make his face to shine, And bread that strengtheneth man's heart.

Douay-Rheims Bible
and that wine may cheer the heart of man. That he may make the face cheerful with oil: and that bread may strengthen man's heart.

Darby Bible Translation
And wine which gladdeneth the heart of man; making [his] face shine with oil; and with bread he strengtheneth man's heart.

English Revised Version
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread that strengtheneth man's heart.

Webster's Bible Translation
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

World English Bible
wine that makes glad the heart of man, oil to make his face to shine, and bread that strengthens man's heart.

Young's Literal Translation
And wine -- it rejoiceth the heart of man, To cause the face to shine from oil, And bread -- the heart of man it supporteth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

104:10-18 When we reflect upon the provision made for all creatures, we should also notice the natural worship they render to God. Yet man, forgetful ungrateful man, enjoys the largest measure of his Creator's kindness. the earth, varying in different lands. Nor let us forget spiritual blessings; the fruitfulness of the church through grace, the bread of everlasting life, the cup of salvation, and the oil of gladness. Does God provide for the inferior creatures, and will he not be a refuge to his people?

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15. - And wine that maketh glad the heart of man. The food suitable to man consists, first, of wine, which gladdens his heart (comp. Judges 9:13); secondly, of oil to make his face to shine, or give him a cheerful countenance; and thirdly, of bread, which strengtheneth man's heart, which is "the staff of life," and the main sustenance of the entire body. It was the glory of the promised land to produce in abundance these three essentials (Deuteronomy 8:8; Deuteronomy 11:14; 2 Kings 18:32).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And wine that maketh glad the heart of man,.... That is, by means of rain watering the earth, vines are caused to grow out of it; which produce wine, that has such a virtue in it, as to cheer the heart of man, even of a miserable, distressed, and afflicted man, as the word (p) is supposed to signify, Judges 9:13. Of this nature are (and therefore are compared to wine, or expressed by it) the love of God and Christ; the blessings of grace, the doctrines of the Gospel, the ordinances of it; particularly that of the Lord's supper, and even the joys of heaven.

And oil to make his face to shine: or, "to make his face shine more than oil" (q); and so it continues the account of the virtue of wine, which not only cheers the heart, but makes the countenance brisk and lively, and even shine again: but, according to our version, and others, this is a distinct effect of the rain, causing olive trees to grow out of the earth, productive of oil; which being eaten, fattens, and so makes the face to shine; as it also does by anointing with it, which was much in use for that purpose in the eastern countries, as well as for cheering and refreshing; see Ruth 3:3. Pliny (r) says, oil purifies or clears; and particularly of oil of almonds, he says, that it makes clean, makes bodies soft, smooths the skin, procures gracefulness; and, with honey, takes spots or specks out of the face. Kimchi makes mention of another use of oil, in lighting lamps; by which the face of man is enlightened, or light is given him. So the Targum,

"to enlighten the face with oil.''

To this the grace of the Spirit is often compared in Scripture, with which both Christ and his members are said to be anointed, Acts 10:38. This not only cheers and refreshes them, and is therefore called the oil of joy and gladness, Psalm 45:7, but beautifies and adorns them, and even makes them fat and flourishing, and so their faces to shine; as well as causes their lamps of profession to burn clearly, and the light of their good works to shine before men to the glory of God.

And bread which strengthens man's heart: the earth being watered with rain, causes the wheat sown in it to grow up; of which bread is made for the support of man's life, and is the chief sustenance of it; and is therefore commonly called "the staff of life", and, by the prophet, "the whole stay of bread", Isaiah 3:1, by which human nature is invigorated, and the strength of man is kept up and increased; for the phrase, see Genesis 18:5. Of this nature are the provisions of God's house, which go by the same name, the word and ordinances; and especially Christ Jesus himself, the true and living bread; by which the Christian's spiritual life is supported and maintained, and he is comforted and refreshed, and strengthened for every good work.

(p) "mortalis", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "sorry man", Ainsworth. (q) "prae oleo", Vatablus, Gejerus; "magis quam oleum", Piscator. (r) Nat. Hist. l. 23. c. 4.



Psalm 104:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
O Lord, My God, You are Very Great
14He causes the grass to grow for the cattle, And vegetation for the labor of man, So that he may bring forth food from the earth, 15And wine which makes man's heart glad, So that he may make his face glisten with oil, And food which sustains man's heart. 16The trees of the LORD drink their fill, The cedars of Lebanon which He planted,…
Cross References
Luke 7:46
You did not put oil on my head, but she has poured perfume on my feet.

Genesis 14:18
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High,

Genesis 18:5
Let me get you something to eat, so you can be refreshed and then go on your way--now that you have come to your servant." "Very well," they answered, "do as you say."

Judges 9:13
"But the vine answered, 'Should I give up my wine, which cheers both gods and humans, to hold sway over the trees?'

Judges 19:5
On the fourth day they got up early and he prepared to leave, but the woman's father said to his son-in-law, "Refresh yourself with something to eat; then you can go."

Judges 19:8
On the morning of the fifth day, when he rose to go, the woman's father said, "Refresh yourself. Wait till afternoon!" So the two of them ate together.

Psalm 23:5
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

Psalm 36:6
Your righteousness is like the highest mountains, your justice like the great deep. You, LORD, preserve both people and animals.

Psalm 92:10
You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; fine oils have been poured on me.

Psalm 104:16
The trees of the LORD are well watered, the cedars of Lebanon that he planted.

Psalm 141:5
Let a righteous man strike me--that is a kindness; let him rebuke me--that is oil on my head. My head will not refuse it, for my prayer will still be against the deeds of evildoers.

Proverbs 31:6
Let beer be for those who are perishing, wine for those who are in anguish!

Ecclesiastes 2:3
I tried cheering myself with wine, and embracing folly--my mind still guiding me with wisdom. I wanted to see what was good for people to do under the heavens during the few days of their lives.

Ecclesiastes 10:19
A feast is made for laughter, wine makes life merry, and money is the answer for everything.

Isaiah 61:3
and provide for those who grieve in Zion-- to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair. They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor.
Treasury of Scripture

And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

wine

Psalm 23:5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you …

Judges 9:13 And the vine said to them, Should I leave my wine, which cheers God …

Proverbs 31:6 Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those …

Ecclesiastes 10:19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine makes merry: but money answers …

Jeremiah 31:12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall …

Zechariah 9:15-17 The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue …

Mark 14:23 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to …

Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

oil to make his, etc. Heb. to make his face shine with oil, or, more than oil.

Psalm 92:10 But my horn shall you exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall …

Deuteronomy 28:40 You shall have olive trees throughout all your coasts, but you shall …

Judges 9:9 But the olive tree said to them, Should I leave my fatness, with …

Ecclesiastes 8:1 Who is as the wise man? and who knows the interpretation of a thing? …

Ecclesiastes 9:7 Go your way, eat your bread with joy, and drink your wine with a …

Songs 1:2-4 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for your love is better …

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, …

1 John 2:20 But you have an unction from the Holy One, and you know all things.

bread

Psalm 105:16 Moreover he called for a famine on the land: he broke the whole staff of bread.

Leviticus 26:26 And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake …

Deuteronomy 8:3 And he humbled you, and suffered you to hunger, and fed you with …

Isaiah 3:1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, does take away from Jerusalem …

Ezekiel 4:16 Moreover he said to me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff …

Ezekiel 5:16 When I shall send on them the evil arrows of famine, which shall …

Ezekiel 14:13 Son of man, when the land sins against me by trespassing grievously, …

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