Psalm 133:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
It is like precious oil poured on the head, running down on the beard, running down on Aaron's beard, down on the collar of his robe.

New Living Translation
For harmony is as precious as the anointing oil that was poured over Aaron's head, that ran down his beard and onto the border of his robe.

English Standard Version
It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes!

New American Standard Bible
It is like the precious oil upon the head, Coming down upon the beard, Even Aaron's beard, Coming down upon the edge of his robes.

King James Bible
It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It is like fine oil on the head, running down on the beard, running down Aaron's beard onto his robes.

International Standard Version
It is like precious oil on the head, descending to the beard— even to Aaron's beard— and flowing down to the edge of his robes.

NET Bible
It is like fine oil poured on the head which flows down the beard--Aaron's beard, and then flows down his garments.

New Heart English Bible
It is like the precious oil on the head, that ran down on the beard, even Aaron's beard; that came down on the edge of his robes;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
It is like oil that descends upon the head and upon the beard, the beard of Aaron, that descends upon the collar of his garment

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It is like fine, scented oil on the head, running down the beard-down Aaron's beard- running over the collar of his robes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
It is like the precious oil upon the head, Coming down upon the beard; Even Aaron's beard, That cometh down upon the collar of his garments;

New American Standard 1977
It is like the precious oil upon the head,
            Coming down upon the beard,
            Even Aaron’s beard,
            Coming down upon the edge of his robes.

Jubilee Bible 2000
It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that runs down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard, that goes down to the skirts of his garments;

King James 2000 Bible
It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;

American King James Version
It is like the precious ointment on the head, that ran down on the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;

American Standard Version
It is like the precious oil upon the head, That ran down upon the beard, Even Aaron's beard; That came down upon the skirt of his garments;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Like the precious ointment on the head, that ran down upon the beard, the beard of Aaron, Which ran down to the skirt of his garment:

Darby Bible Translation
Like the precious oil upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, upon Aaron's beard, that ran down to the hem of his garments;

English Revised Version
It is like the precious oil upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard; that came down upon the skirt of his garments;

Webster's Bible Translation
It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garment;

World English Bible
It is like the precious oil on the head, that ran down on the beard, even Aaron's beard; that came down on the edge of his robes;

Young's Literal Translation
As the good oil on the head, Coming down on the beard, the beard of Aaron, That cometh down on the skirt of his robes,
Study Bible
How Pleasant to Live in Unity!
1A Song of Ascents, of David. Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brothers to dwell together in unity! 2It is like the precious oil upon the head, Coming down upon the beard, Even Aaron's beard, Coming down upon the edge of his robes. 3It is like the dew of Hermon Coming down upon the mountains of Zion; For there the LORD commanded the blessing-- life forever.…
Cross References
Exodus 28:33
"You shall make on its hem pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, all around on its hem, and bells of gold between them all around:

Exodus 29:7
"Then you shall take the anointing oil and pour it on his head and anoint him.

Exodus 30:25
"You shall make of these a holy anointing oil, a perfume mixture, the work of a perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil.

Exodus 30:30
"You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister as priests to Me.

Exodus 39:24
They made pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material and twisted linen on the hem of the robe.

Leviticus 8:12
Then he poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him, to consecrate him.

Psalm 141:5
Let the righteous smite me in kindness and reprove me; It is oil upon the head; Do not let my head refuse it, For still my prayer is against their wicked deeds.
Treasury of Scripture

It is like the precious ointment on the head, that ran down on the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;

it is like

Psalm 141:5 Let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove …

Proverbs 27:9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so does the sweetness of …

Songs 1:3 Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment …

John 12:3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and …

that ran down

Exodus 30:25-30 And you shall make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound …

Leviticus 8:12 And he poured of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed …

(2) It is like.--The italics of the Authorised Version are wrongly inserted. Unity could not be said to flow down. The other term of the simile is implied in Psalm 133:3. (See Note.) Literally, Like the oil, the good oil, on the head descending upon the beard, Aaron's beard, which (was) descending to the mouth of his robes. Oil meets us as the standing symbol of joy and festivity. (See Psalm 45:7, Note; Isaiah 61:3.) It is also brought closely into connection with love (Song of Solomon 1:3). But while this association, as also the pleasure derived from the fragrance of the oil, would be present here as always in the truly Oriental image, its elaboration in this passage points to a further purpose. It is the holy oil, that whose composition is described in Exodus 30:22-23, that the poet alludes to. This, while the garments of all the priests were sprinkled with it (Exodus 29:21; Leviticus 8:30), was poured on the head of Aaron (Exodus 29:7; Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 21:10), so that the description of the psalm, unpleasing as it is to Western ideas, of the saturation, not only of his head, but of face and beard, was actually true. It would run down his neck to the collar of the priestly robe. That this is the meaning of "mouth" here is plain from the actual description of the sacerdotal garments (Exodus 28:31-32): "And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue. And there shall be a mouth in the top of it, in the midst thereof: and it shall have a binding of woven work round about the mouth of it, as it were the mouth of a habergeon, that it be not rent." (Comp. Exodus 39:23; and Job 30:18, where Authorised Version has "collar.") To the ideas of "joy" and "fragrance," therefore, must also be added that of "consecration." But the point of the comparison does not lie even here; nor is it in the freshness of the dew, in the next verse, or its abundance, though dew suggests both of these (see Note, Psalm 110:3), but in the word three times repeated--descending. Our version unfortunately obscures this point, by rendering this recurrent participle each time by a different word, missing, at the same time, the marked peculiarity of the rhythm of these psalms. The oil descends from Aaron's head over his face and beard; the dew of Hermon descends on Zion--low in actual measurement, but exalted by the Divine favour above the loftiest hills. It is not unity, then, in itself which is the subject of the poem, but the unity of the covenant under which all blessings flowed down from above, rested on Mount Zion, and took outward shape and form there in the political and religious constitution.

Verse 2. - It is like the precious ointment upon the head. The anointing oil of the sanctuary was an ointment composed of many "precious" ingredients, as myrrh, cinnamon, sweet calamus, and cassia, besides oil olive, which was its basis (Exodus 30:23, 24). Not only Aaron (Leviticus 8:12), but all later high priests, were anointed with it (Exodus 30:30). That ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard. This would be the natural result of a copious "pouring" of the oil upon the top of the head. Though not mentioned historically in Leviticus, it presents itself to the eye of the poet, on whose mental vision the whole scene rises. That went down to the skirts of his garments. Streamed even to the lower fringe of his long vesture (Kay). The high priest at his consecration was a type and symbol of unity. He bore on his breastplate the names of the twelve tribes, so that the holy oil, typical of the grace of God, when it was poured upon him, flowed down on all the tribes, diffusing everywhere an odor of fragrance. It is like the precious ointment upon the head,.... The composition which Moses was ordered to make of the principal spices, and therefore called precious; and which was poured on the heads of kings and priests, when they were anointed with it, Exodus 30:23;

that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard; this was put upon the head of Aaron when he was anointed, and so on any other high priest, and trickled down to his beard; see Exodus 29:7. The reasons Kimchi and Ben Melech give, why the anointing of Aaron and other priests is mentioned, and not the anointing of a king, or of David himself, are, because the anointing of Aaron was first, and also more public and better known by the people;

that went down to the skirts of his garments; or, "the mouth" or "opening of his garments" (a); not the extremity of them, as our version inclines to; for not so great a quantity of oil was poured upon him; nor would it have been decent to have his clothes thus greased from top to bottom: but the upper part of his garment, the top of the coat, on which the beard lay, as Jarchi; the neck or collar of it, as Kimchi and Ben Melech; the hole in which the head went through when it was put on, about which there was a band, that it might not be rent, Exodus 28:32; where the Septuagint use the same word as here. Suidas (b) says, David means the superior aperture of the garment, that which we call the neck or collar band; and so Theodoret: and the Arabic version renders it, the "aperture", or opening of it; and hitherto the ointment came. This was typical of the grace of the Spirit, the unction from the Holy One; which has been poured on Christ, the head of the church, without measure; and with which he has been anointed above his fellows; and from him it is communicated to all his members; to every one of which is given grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ; and who from his fulness receive, and grace for grace: and particularly brotherly love is compared to this ointment; because of the preciousness of it, which is true of every grace; and because of the extensiveness of it, reaching to head and members, to Christ and all his saints, the meanest and lowest of them; and because of its fragrancy and sweet odour to all that are sensible of it; and because of its delightful, cheering, and refreshing nature; like ointment and perfume it rejoices the heart; yea, the worst things said, or reproofs given, in brotherly love, are like oil, pleasant and useful, Proverbs 27:9; and is as necessary for the saints, who are all priests unto God, to offer up their spiritual sacrifices; particularly that of prayer, which should be "without wrath", as well as without doubting; and to do all other duties of religion, which should spring from charity or love; as the anointing oil was to Aaron and his sons, in order to their officiating in the priest's office.

(a) , Sept. "super os", Montanus, Piscator; "super os, vel aperturam", Michaelis; "in capitium", Tigurine version; "upon the collar of his garments", Ainsworth. (b) In voce 133:1-3 The excellency of brotherly love. - We cannot say too much, it were well if enough could be said, to persuade people to live together in peace. It is good for us, for our honour and comfort; and brings constant delight to those who live in unity. The pleasantness of this is likened to the holy anointing oil. This is the fruit of the Spirit, the proof of our union with Christ, and adorns his gospel. It is profitable as well as pleasing; it brings blessings numerous as the drops of dew. It cools the scorching heat of men's passions, as the dews cool the air and refresh the earth. It moistens the heart, and makes it fit to receive the good seed of the word, and to make it fruitful. See the proof of the excellency of brotherly love: where brethren dwell together in unity, the Lord commands the blessing. God commands the blessing; man can but beg a blessing. Believers that live in love and peace, shall have the God of love and peace with them now, and they shall shortly be with him for ever, in the world of endless love and peace. May all who love the Lord forbear and forgive one another, as God, for Christ's sake, hath forgiven them.
Jump to Previous
Aaron Aaron's Beard Collar Edge Face Flowing Garment Garments Good Great Head Oil Ointment Poured Precious Price Ran Robes Running Skirt Skirts
Jump to Next
Aaron Aaron's Beard Collar Edge Face Flowing Garment Garments Good Great Head Oil Ointment Poured Precious Price Ran Robes Running Skirt Skirts
Links
Psalm 133:2 NIV
Psalm 133:2 NLT
Psalm 133:2 ESV
Psalm 133:2 NASB
Psalm 133:2 KJV

Psalm 133:2 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 133:2 Chinese Bible
Psalm 133:2 French Bible
Psalm 133:2 German Bible

Alphabetical: Aaron's beard collar Coming down edge Even head his is It like of oil on poured precious robes running the upon

OT Poetry: Psalm 133:2 It is like the precious oil (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Psalm 133:1
Top of Page
Top of Page