Psalm 132:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but his head will be adorned with a radiant crown."

New Living Translation
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but he will be a glorious king."

English Standard Version
His enemies I will clothe with shame, but on him his crown will shine.”

New American Standard Bible
"His enemies I will clothe with shame, But upon himself his crown shall shine."

King James Bible
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown he wears will be glorious."

International Standard Version
I will clothe his enemies with disgrace, but on him his crown will shine."

NET Bible
I will humiliate his enemies, and his crown will shine.

New Heart English Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but on himself, his crown will be resplendent."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And I shall clothe his enemies in shame, and upon him my holiness will flourish.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but the crown on my anointed one will shine."

JPS Tanakh 1917
His enemies will I clothe with shame; But upon himself shall his crown shine.'

New American Standard 1977
“His enemies I will clothe with shame;
            But upon himself his crown shall shine.”



Jubilee Bible 2000
His enemies I will clothe with shame, but upon himself shall his crown blossom.

King James 2000 Bible
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

American King James Version
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but on himself shall his crown flourish.

American Standard Version
His enemies will I clothe with shame; But upon himself shall his crown flourish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His enemies I will clothe with confusion: but upon him will my sanctification flourish.

Darby Bible Translation
His enemies will I clothe with shame; but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

English Revised Version
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

Webster's Bible Translation
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.

World English Bible
I will clothe his enemies with shame, but on himself, his crown will be resplendent." A Song of Ascents. By David.

Young's Literal Translation
His enemies I do clothe with shame, And upon him doth his crown flourish!

Study Bible
Remember David and his Affliction
17"There I will cause the horn of David to spring forth; I have prepared a lamp for Mine anointed. 18"His enemies I will clothe with shame, But upon himself his crown shall shine."
Cross References
Job 8:22
"Those who hate you will be clothed with shame, And the tent of the wicked will be no longer."

Psalm 21:3
For You meet him with the blessings of good things; You set a crown of fine gold on his head.

Psalm 35:26
Let those be ashamed and humiliated altogether who rejoice at my distress; Let those be clothed with shame and dishonor who magnify themselves over me.

Psalm 83:16
Fill their faces with dishonor, That they may seek Your name, O LORD.

Psalm 109:29
Let my accusers be clothed with dishonor, And let them cover themselves with their own shame as with a robe.
Treasury of Scripture

His enemies will I clothe with shame: but on himself shall his crown flourish.

his enemies

Psalm 21:8,9 Your hand shall find out all your enemies: your right hand shall …

Psalm 35:26 Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at my hurt…

Psalm 109:29 Let my adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves …

Job 8:22 They that hate you shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling …

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, …

but upon

Psalm 72:8-11 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river to …

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Isaiah 58:10-12 And if you draw out your soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted …

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me …

Luke 1:32,33 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and …

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

(18) Crown (nezer).--As the distinctive use of this word in Israel--by its derivation meaning mark of separation--was for the golden plate, inscribed "Holiness to the Lord," worn on the high priest's mitre (see Exodus 29:6; Exodus 39:30), we cannot be wrong in seeing here a special allusion to the same. This allusion is rendered more probable by the use of the word rendered "flourish" (properly, shine), a cognate to which was the technical name given to this golden plate. (See the reference in Exodus 39, above.) It is also possibly alluded to in Psalm 89:39, the only other place in the psalms where the word occurs, though as the word is used of the royal crown in 2Samuel 1:10, &c, the allusion is not certain. But if the Maccaban hypothesis is correct, the use of the word, instead of the more usual word for "crown," is interesting. "One relic of the ancient insignia has been preserved, which was probably prized as the most precious of all. It was the golden plate affixed to the turban, inscribed 'Holiness to Jehovah,' which was believed to have come down from the time of Aaron, and which, treasured through all the vicissitudes of the Jewish state, was carried to Rome by Titus, and seen there by the great Jewish Rabbi, in the time of Hadrian" (Stanley, J. C. 3:353).

Verse 18. - His enemies will I clothe with shame. David's "enemies" are those who oppress his "Seed," and will not have him to reign over them. All such will be "confounded and put to shame" (Psalm 35:4), "clothed with shame and dishonor" (Psalm 35:26). But upon himself shall his crown flourish. The true and the final Davidic representative is Christ, who "remaineth a King forever" (Psalm 29:10). On him his crown will ever flourish.



His enemies will I clothe with shame, With the garments of shame, as the Targum; very different from the clothing of Zion's priests; all that are incensed against Christ as a King and Saviour shall sooner or later be ashamed; either here, when brought to a sense of their evil, to repentance for it, and faith in him; or hereafter, at the resurrection, when they will rise to shame and everlasting contempt, and when they shall see him come in the clouds of heaven, in power and great glory, to judge the world in righteousness, Isaiah 45:24;

but upon himself shall his crown flourish; being crowned with glory and honour, as he now is at the right hand of God, he reigns, and will reign, till all his enemies become his footstool; his throne is for ever and ever, and his kingdom an everlasting one; and will be very flourishing in the latter day, when his subjects shall be many, and when there shall be an abundance of peace and prosperity, and of that no end; the crown of the Messiah shall flourish on him as a king, shine out and be very conspicuous, as Aben Ezra and Jarchi interpret the word used; and so his crown as a priest; the same word is used of the holy crown of the priests put upon the mitre, on which Holiness to the Lord was inscribed; and the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions, render it, "my holiness"; and, as his own crown is a never-fading one, such an one he will give to his ministers, and all that love him appearing, 1 Peter 5:4. 132:11-18 The Lord never turns from us when we plead the covenant with his anointed Prophet, Priest, and King. How vast is the love of God to man, that he should speak thus concerning his church! It is his desire to dwell with us; yet how little do we desire to dwell with him! He abode in Zion till the sins of Israel caused him to give them up to the spoilers. Forsake us not, O God, and deliver us not in like manner, sinful though we are. God's people have a special blessing on common enjoyments, and that blessing puts peculiar sweetness into them. Zion's poor have reason to be content with a little of this world, because they have better things prepared for them. God will abundantly bless the nourishment of the new man, and satisfy the poor in spirit with the bread of life. He gives more than we ask, and when he gives salvation, he will give abundant joy. God would bring to nothing every design formed to destroy the house of David, until King Messiah should arise out of it, to sit upon the throne of his Father. In him all the promises centre. His enemies, who will not have him to reign over them, shall at the last day be clothed with shame and confusion for ever.
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