Revelation 19:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.

New Living Translation
His eyes were like flames of fire, and on his head were many crowns. A name was written on him that no one understood except himself.

English Standard Version
His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself.

Berean Study Bible
He has eyes like blazing fire, and many royal crowns on His head. He has a name written on Him that only He Himself knows.

Berean Literal Bible
Now His eyes are like a flame of fire, and upon His head many diadems, having a name having been written, which no one except He Himself knows,

New American Standard Bible
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself.

King James Bible
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
His eyes were like a fiery flame, and many crowns were on His head. He had a name written that no one knows except Himself.

International Standard Version
His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many royal crowns. He has a name written on him that nobody knows except himself.

NET Bible
His eyes are like a fiery flame and there are many diadem crowns on his head. He has a name written that no one knows except himself.

New Heart English Bible
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He had a name written which no one knows but he himself.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his eyes were like flames of fire, and many diadems were upon his head and he had The Name written, which no one knew but he alone.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
His eyes are flames of fire. On his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him, but only he knows what it is.

New American Standard 1977
And His eyes are a flame of fire, and upon His head are many diadems; and He has a name written upon Him which no one knows except Himself.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And his eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no one has known, but he himself.

King James 2000 Bible
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

American King James Version
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

American Standard Version
And his eyes are a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems; and he hath a name written which no one knoweth but he himself.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many diadems, and he had a name written, which no man knoweth but himself.

Darby Bible Translation
And his eyes are a flame of fire, and upon his head many diadems, having a name written which no one knows but himself;

English Revised Version
And his eyes are a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems; and he hath a name written, which no one knoweth but he himself.

Webster's Bible Translation
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

Weymouth New Testament
His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many kingly crowns; and He has a name written upon Him which no one but He Himself knows.

World English Bible
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself.

Young's Literal Translation
and his eyes are as a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems -- having a name written that no one hath known, except himself,
Study Bible
The Rider on the White Horse
11Then I saw heaven standing open, and there before me was a white horse. And its rider is called Faithful and True. With righteousness He judges and wages war. 12He has eyes like blazing fire, and many royal crowns on His head. He has a name written on Him that only He Himself knows. 13He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and His name is The Word of God.…
Cross References
Proverbs 30:4
Who has ascended into heaven and descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has wrapped the waters in His garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name or His son's name? Surely you know!

Daniel 10:6
His body also was like beryl, his face had the appearance of lightning, his eyes were like flaming torches, his arms and feet like the gleam of polished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a tumult.

John 17:11
I will no longer be in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to You. Holy Father, protect them by Your name, the name You gave Me, so that they may be one as We are one.

John 17:12
While I was with them, I protected them and guarded them by Your name, the name You gave Me. Not one of them has been lost, except the son of destruction, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.

Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.

Revelation 1:14
The hair of His head was white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes were like a blazing fire.

Revelation 2:17
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone inscribed with a new name, known only to the one who receives it.

Revelation 6:2
So I looked and saw a white horse, and its rider had a bow. And he was given a crown, and rode out to conquer and defeat.

Revelation 12:3
Then another sign appeared in heaven: a huge red dragon with seven heads, ten horns, and seven royal crowns on his heads.

Revelation 19:16
And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh: King of kings and Lord of lords.
Treasury of Scripture

His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

eyes. See on ch.

Revelation 1:14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and …

Revelation 2:18 And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things said …

on his.

Revelation 6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a …

Revelation 12:3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red …

Revelation 13:1 And I stood on the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of …

Psalm 8:5 For you have made him a little lower than the angels, and have crowned …

Songs 3:11 Go forth, O you daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the …

Isaiah 62:3 You shall also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, and a …

Zechariah 9:16 And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the flock of …

Matthew 21:5 Tell you the daughter of Sion, Behold, your King comes to you, meek, …

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me …

Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for …

a name.

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING …

Revelation 2:17 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit said to the churches; …

Revelation 3:12 Him that overcomes will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, …

Genesis 32:29 And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray you, your name. And …

Exodus 23:21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not …

Judges 13:18 And the angel of the LORD said to him, Why ask you thus after my …

Isaiah 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the …

Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows who …

(12, 13) His eyes were as a flame . . .--Or, rather, And His eyes are (as) a flame of fire, and upon His head many diadems--(He) having names written, and a name written which no one knows but He Himself--and clothed in a vesture dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. On the description here and in Revelation 19:5, comp. Notes on Revelation 1:14-16. There is no doubt who is before us in this vision. These flame-like eyes have been fixed upon the moving scenes of human life, and have been reading the hearts of men, and the true meaning of all events and actions. All things have been naked and open to the eyes of Him with Whom we have to do" (Hebrews 4:13). He wears many crowns--diadems--crowns rather of royalty than of victory. Some have thought that the crowns He wears are crowns taken from the heads of the kings who have made war with Him (Revelation 19:12-13, and Revelation 19:19). It is needless to suppose this; their crowns were His before they were discrowned. The diadems He wears proclaim that not only over a worldwide empire He is king, but of all nations He is truly king. He is not as an emperor among kings, the head of a federation of princedoms; but He is truly King--King of history, King of life, King of human hearts, King everywhere, over each realm and over all realms, King of kings, and Lord of lords. He has names written, and a name. The clause having "names written" is omitted in the English version. The authority for its insertion is not entirely satisfactory; but perhaps the balance of evidence is in its favour. He has many names which may be understood, besides a name which no one knows. This is fitting in One who is known to men as Shepherd, Redeemer, Saviour, Prince of Life, but the fulness of Whose love and power none can exhaust, and the depth of Whose wisdom none can fathom. "He knows our names. Thanks be to God, we cannot fathom the depths of His." There is more yet to be known of Him in the world to which we go. His vesture is dipped in blood. The prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 63:2) probably supplied the foundation of this description. (Comp. Revelation 19:15.) The blood-red vesture is a fit token of the work. He comes to destroy those that destroy the earth--to tread the winepress of the wrath of God; but we cannot forget that He who comes for this came first to shed His own blood. He is, too, "The Word of God." Again we hear this name; it is a name which is, besides other things, significant of Christ's mediating work. He is the Word who was with God, who was God, and who declares God to man. (Comp. John 1:1-4; John 3:13; John 14:9.) The title the Word, the Word of God--used here and in the Gospel of St. John (Revelation 1:2; John 1:1; 1John 1:1)--is a token of their common authorship. (See Introduction and Excursus A: The Doctrine of the Word, in Commentary on the Gospel.)

Verse 12. - His eyes were as a flame of fire; and his eyes [are] a flame of fire. Again as in Revelation 1:13. "Fire" is the type of purity and judgment (see Psalm 97:3; Isaiah 47:14; Isaiah 66:15; Amos 5:6; 1 Corinthians 3:13, etc.; Revelation 3:18). And on his head were many crowns; and upon his head [are] many diadems. Διαδήματα, " kingly crowns " (cf. Revelation 12:3; Revelation 13:1), because he now comes as a King to judgment. The plurality of "crowns" points to his character as King of kings (see Revelation 17:14; cf. Revelation 13:1). And he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself; hath a name... no, one knoweth. Evidently the "new name" of Revelation 3:12, the significance of which St. John is unable to comprehend (see on Revelation 2:7; 3:12). From the connection with the preceding clause, we naturally infer that this name was written upon his forehead (cf Revelation 7:3); 16:1); but the writer does not explicitly state this. In B, twenty-five cursives, and Syriac, the words, "names written and," are inserted before "name." His eyes were as a flame of fire,.... Which denotes the perspicuity and penetration of them, the omniscience of Christ to look into and discover the secret machinations, schemes, and devices of his enemies against his people, and his exercise of it in favour of them, his eyes, like a flame of fire, running to and fro on their behalf; and also this may signify the fierceness of his anger against the enemies of his people, the eyes of his glory being provoked by their cruelty and wickedness; and likewise the suddenness of their destruction, and the inevitableness of it.

And on his head were many crowns; for he has not only a crown, as the Creator and Governor of the universe, in right of nature, but he has one which his Father has put upon his head, when he set him as King over his holy hill of Zion, Psalm 21:3 and there is another which his mother, the church, crowned him with in the day of his espousals, Sol 3:11 and besides these, every believer puts a crown on his head, gives him the glory of their salvation, and all of them cast their crowns at his feet: to which may be added, that the crowns of all the kings of the earth are his; they reign by him, and are accountable to him. This part of the description may be expressive of that all power in heaven and earth, given to Christ at his resurrection, and exercised by him ever since; and particularly of the extensiveness of his kingdom at the time this vision refers to, when the kingdoms of this world shall be his, Revelation 11:15 for this vision, and the seventh trumpet, are contemporary; and it may be a symbol of the many victories obtained by him, and of the last and closing one that should now be obtained by him.

And he had a name written that no man knew but he himself; which seems to be his name, the Son of God, as the unknown name of the overcomer, in Revelation 2:17 is a child of God; and the sense is, that his divine nature, in which he is the Son of God, is incomprehensible, and that the begetting or generation of him, as such, is ineffable, Proverbs 30:4 and that without a divine revelation the name itself could not be known; or it could not be known that God had a Son, and that Christ is he, and bears that name, Matthew 11:27 or else his name Immanuel. The incarnate God may be intended, which is a secret and wonderful name, and contains in it, without controversy, a great mystery, which cannot be comprehended by finite minds; or his name, "wonderful, secret", Isaiah 9:6. This name is said to be "written"; that is, in the Scriptures of truth, in which it is revealed that Christ is the Son of God, and Immanuel. In Revelation 19:16 the name of King of kings, &c. is said to be written on his vesture, and on his thigh; and the Ethiopic version makes this to be written on his crown or diadem, reading the words thus; "and upon his head a crown, and there was written in his diadem a name, and no man knew it, but he himself only"; as the high priest had "holiness to the Lord" written on his mitre. The Syriac version inserts a clause between the two last, "having names written", and then follows, "and a name written", &c. and so the Complutensian edition. 12. Identifying Him with the Son of man similarly described, Re 1:14.

many crowns—Greek, "diadems": not merely (Greek, "stephanoi") garlands of victory, but royal crowns, as King of kings. Christ's diadem comprises all the diadems of the earth and of heavenly powers too. Contrast the papal tiara composed of three diadems. Compare also the little horn (Antichrist) that overcomes the three horns or kingdoms, Da 7:8, 24 (Quære, the Papacy? or some three kingdoms that succeed the papacy, which itself, as a temporal kingdom, was made up at first of three kingdoms, the exarchate of Ravenna, the kingdom of the Lombards, and the state of Rome, obtained by Pope Zachary and Stephen II from Pepin, the usurper of the French dominion). Also, the seven crowns (diadems) on the seven heads of the dragon (Re 12:3), and ten diadems on the ten heads of the beast. These usurpers claim the diadems which belong to Christ alone.

he had a name written—B and Syriac insert, "He had names written, and a name written," etc., meaning that the names of the dominion which each diadem indicated were written on them severally. But A, Vulgate, Origen, and Cyprian omits the words, as English Version.

name … that no man knew but … himself—(Jud 13:18; 1Co 2:9, 11; 1Jo 3:2). The same is said of the "new name" of believers. In this, as in all other respects, the disciple is made like his Lord. The Lord's own "new name" is to be theirs, and to be "in their foreheads"; whence we may infer that His as yet unknown name also is written on His forehead; as the high priest had "Holiness to the Lord" inscribed on the miter on his brow. John saw it as "written," but knew not its meaning. It is, therefore, a name which in all its glorious significancy can be only understood when the union of His saints with Him, and His and their joint triumph and reign, shall be perfectly manifested at the final consummation.19:11-21 Christ, the glorious Head of the church, is described as on a white horse, the emblem of justice and holiness. He has many crowns, for he is King of kings, and Lord of lords. He is arrayed in a vesture dipped in his own blood, by which he purchased his power as Mediator; and in the blood of his enemies, over whom he always prevails. His name is The Word of God; a name none fully knows but himself; only this we know, that this Word was God manifest in the flesh; but his perfections cannot be fully understood by any creature. Angels and saints follow, and are like Christ in their armour of purity and righteousness. The threatenings of the written word he is going to execute on his enemies. The ensigns of his authority are his name; asserting his authority and power, warning the most powerful princes to submit, or they must fall before him. The powers of earth and hell make their utmost effort. These verses declare important events, foretold by the prophets. These persons were not excused because they did what their leaders bade them. How vain will be the plea of many sinners at the great day! We followed our guides; we did as we saw others do! God has given a rule to walk by, in his word; neither the example of the most, nor of the chief, must influence us contrary thereto: if we do as the most do, we must go where the most go, even into the burning lake.
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