Revelation 19:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: king of kings and lord of lords.

New Living Translation
On his robe at his thigh was written this title: King of all kings and Lord of all lords.

English Standard Version
On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.

Berean Study Bible
And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh: King of kings and Lord of lords.

Berean Literal Bible
And He has a name having been written upon the robe and upon His thigh: King of Kings and Lord of Lords.

New American Standard Bible
And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."

King James Bible
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

International Standard Version
On his robe that covers his thigh he has a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS

NET Bible
He has a name written on his clothing and on his thigh: "King of kings and Lord of lords."

New Heart English Bible
He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, "King of kings, and Lord of lords."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he has on his garment over his thigh the name written: “The King of Kings and The Lord of Power.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On his clothes and his thigh he has a name written: King of kings and Lord of lords.

New American Standard 1977
And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

King James 2000 Bible
And he has on his robe and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

American King James Version
And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

American Standard Version
And he hath on his garment and on his thigh a name written, KINGS OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he hath on his garment, and on his thigh written: KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

Darby Bible Translation
And he has upon his garment, and upon his thigh, a name written, King of kings, and Lord of lords.

English Revised Version
And he hath on his garment and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

Weymouth New Testament
And on His outer garment and on His thigh He has a name written, KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

World English Bible
He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."

Young's Literal Translation
and he hath upon the garment and upon his thigh the name written, 'King of kings, and Lord of lords.'
Study Bible
The Rider on the White Horse
15And from His mouth proceeds a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and He will rule them with an iron scepter. He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh: King of kings and Lord of lords. 17Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out in a loud voice to all the birds flying overhead, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God,…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 10:17
"For the LORD your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God who does not show partiality nor take a bribe.

Psalm 89:27
"I also shall make him My firstborn, The highest of the kings of the earth.

Matthew 25:40
And the King will reply, 'Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of Mine, you did for Me.'

1 Timothy 6:15
which God will bring about in His own time--He who is blessed and the only Sovereign One, the King of kings and Lord of lords.

Revelation 1:5
and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and has released us from our sins by His blood,

Revelation 2:17
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone inscribed with a new name, known only to the one who receives it.

Revelation 17:14
They will make war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will triumph over them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and He will be accompanied by His called and chosen and faithful ones."

Revelation 19:12
He has eyes like blazing fire, and many royal crowns on His head. He has a name written on Him that only He Himself knows.
Treasury of Scripture

And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

on his vesture.

Revelation 19:12,13 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; …

KING.

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

Psalm 72:11 Yes, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him.

Proverbs 8:15,16 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice…

Daniel 2:47 The king answered to Daniel, and said, Of a truth it is, that your …

Philippians 2:9-11 Why God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name which is …

1 Timothy 6:15 Which in his times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, …

(16) And he hath on his vesture . . .--The King rides at the head of His host. On His robe, where it spreads out from the waist, His title is inscribed; it proclaims Him to be the one who is the true supreme King of all. Inscriptions on the outer garments were sometimes used by distinguished personages. The title anticipates the final victory; His power is irresistible, his Kingship is universal.

OVERTHROW OF THE WILD BEAST AND OF THE FALSE PROPHET.--The birds of prey gather beforehand (Revelation 19:17-18). The beast, and the kings of the earth hostile to the King of kings, gather for war (Revelation 19:20). Their defeat and fate (verses 21, 22).

(17, 18) And I saw an angel . . .--Better, And I saw an (literally, one) angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a great voice, Hither be gathered together to the great supper of God, that ye may eat flesh of kings, and flesh of captains of thousands, and flesh of mighty men, and flesh of horses, and of them that are seated on them, and flesh of all, of free and of bond, and of small and of great. The angel stands in the sun--the central spot to summon the birds, and the spot where he stands bathed in the sunlight, the symbol of the divine presence. (Comp. Revelation 1:16; Revelation 10:1; Revelation 12:1.) The birds of prey are assembled beforehand; the adversaries of the righteous King have a name to live, but the eagles and vultures are gathered together as though the carcase had already fallen (Matthew 24:28; comp. Ezekiel 39:17-20). The supper or banquet is the chief meal in the day, the meal to which guests would be invited. The banquet or supper here is in contrast with the marriage supper of the Lamb (Revelation 19:9), and with the great supper (Luke 14:16-24) from which the invited guests turned away. All classes--the great and small, the master and slave--are mentioned. Those who follow the world-power, and array themselves in hostility to the true King, belong not to one class, but may be found among all. The war is not between class and class, but between righteousness and unrighteousness, truth and falsehood, Christ and Belial. We must remember that the vision is a great figurative representation of the defeat of the anti-Christian powers and principles in the world; this will save us from misapprehending its purpose, and from a bondaged literalism.

(19) And I saw the beast, and the kings . . .--Rather, I saw the wild beast. The wild beast and the kings are gathered to make or wage not merely "war," but "the war" (the definite article is used; comp. Revelation 16:14; Revelation 17:14) against the King of kings. It has been noticed that the true King is followed by His army--one army, united by one bond, and under one King. The wild beast is supported by diverse armies, owning allegiance to diverse kings, and united only in hostility to good.

(20) And the beast was taken . . .--Or, And the wild beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who did the signs in his presence . . . Again the definite article ("the signs" or "miracles") recalls to our minds what was before described (Revelation 13:13); the false prophet is the second wild beast of Revelation 13. He succeeded in deceiving those who received the mark. See Notes on Revelation 13, where their work of deception is described; here our thoughts are fixed upon their doom. Alive they were cast, the two, into the lake of the fire which burns with brimstone. The two--the wild beast and the false prophet--who are the anti-Christian leaders are cast into the fiery lake. These leaders are not to be, as we have seen, regarded as particular individuals. It has, indeed, often happened, and will doubtless again happen, that an individual personage places himself at the head of a great anti-Christian movement; yet, in the eye of the seer, such would be but subordinate leaders. The wild beast and the false prophet, directed by the dragon, are the true spiritual chiefs of all such movements. The world-power, whether coarse, ignorant and brutal, or cultured and intellectual, is seized, and consigned to the lake of fire. The imagery here is based upon the Old Testament: the lake, the fire, and the brimstone bring back the geography and the incidents attending the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrha. (Comp. Numbers 16:32-34; Isaiah 5:14.) The lake of fire is mentioned here for the first time; we hear of it more frequently afterwards (Revelation 20:10; Revelation 20:14-15; Revelation 21:8). The flames and brimstone, smoke, and other volcanic forces indicating the existence of subterranean fire, might well lead the ancients to place their Tartarus and Gehenna in the under-world. (See Note in Moses Stuart on Revelation 14:10.) These supplied the imagery which has become crystallised in the language of after-generations.

(21) And the remnant were slain . . .--Better, And the rest were slain with (literally, in) the sword of Him who is seated on the horse, which (sword) proceeded out of His mouth; and all the birds were filled with their flesh. The rest (i.e., the human beings, the kings and the great and small, who have been led away by the world-powers) were slain with the sword of the King. No human being is described here as being cast into the lake of fire--only the two great leaders, the ideal representatives of evil principles, receive that punishment. The sword which goes out of the King's mouth (comp. Revelation 19:15 and Revelation 1:16) slays the human allies of evil. That word which is quick and powerful (Hebrews 4:12), that word which Christ spoke in the days of His humiliation, that word which is mighty and life-giving (James 1:18) as well as death-giving, wins at the last. The birds devour the flesh. The pride and beauty of men, their apparent strength, the confederations and systems which they have made so strong for themselves, when their heart was fat as brawn, are proved to be worthless and strengthless; all the men whose hands were mighty find nothing (Psalm 76:5-6). Thus, while all flesh is seen to be but grass, and all the goodliness and pride of it but as the flower thereof, the righteous word of the Lord stands for ever, and at the last rises up as a sword to smite down and to slay its enemies. "They were killed," says Bengel. "with the destroying sword of Christ, which is not of steel or iron, but goes out of His mouth, and so is a spiritual weapon of resistless might."

Verse 16. - And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written. What this means is doubtful. The following suggestions have been made:

(1) The name, written at length, is written partly upon the vesture and partly upon the thigh itself, where the garment would (in an equestrian figure) fall away from the thigh (Alford).

(2) The name is written on the vesture, even (καί) on that part of it which covers the thigh (De Wette, Dusterdieck, Hengstenberg).

(3) On the thigh, as the place where the sword usually hangs.

(4) A reference to the custom of engraving the name of the artist upon the thigh of a statue (Cic., 'Verr.,' 4:43; see Wetstein). KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. As in Revelation 17:14 (but inverted), where, as here, it portrays the victorious career of Christ over the "kings of the earth." And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written,.... This name, afterwards expressed, is said to be written on his vesture, in allusion to the custom of persons of note and eminence having their names interwoven in their garments, and which was sometimes done in letters of gold, as Zeuxis had (t); and it is expressive of the conspicuousness of Christ's kingdom, which now will come with observation; his judgments, the administrations of his kingly office, will be manifest, and he will reign before his ancients gloriously: and its being said to be written on his thigh may mean either that it was upon that part of his garment which covered his thigh; or else that it was also on his sword, which he sometimes girt upon his thigh. Mr. Daubuz has given an instance out of Victor Vitensis, of Clementianus, a monk, who had written on his thigh,

""a manichee" disciple of Jesus Christ.''

And this being done in Africa, he supposes it to be a Phoenician custom continued. It may here denote the perpetuity of Christ's name, power, and dominion, which will continue to the latest posterity, Psalm 72:17 which spring from the thigh; and it may denote the subjection of his people to him, signified by the putting the hand under the thigh, Genesis 24:2. And this name is

King of kings and Lord of lords; which will well suit him now when he shall be openly King over all the earth; See Gill on Revelation 17:14.

(t) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 35. c. 9. 16. "His name written on His vesture and on His thigh," was written partly on the vesture, partly on the thigh itself, at the part where in an equestrian figure the robe drops from the thigh. The thigh symbolizes Christ's humanity as having come, after the flesh, from the loins of David, and now appearing as the glorified "Son of man." On the other hand, His incommunicable divine name, "which no man knew," is on His head (Re 19:12), [Menochius].

KING OF KINGS—Compare Re 17:14, in contrast with Re 19:17, the beast being in attempted usurpation a king of kings, the ten kings delivering their kingdom to him.19:11-21 Christ, the glorious Head of the church, is described as on a white horse, the emblem of justice and holiness. He has many crowns, for he is King of kings, and Lord of lords. He is arrayed in a vesture dipped in his own blood, by which he purchased his power as Mediator; and in the blood of his enemies, over whom he always prevails. His name is The Word of God; a name none fully knows but himself; only this we know, that this Word was God manifest in the flesh; but his perfections cannot be fully understood by any creature. Angels and saints follow, and are like Christ in their armour of purity and righteousness. The threatenings of the written word he is going to execute on his enemies. The ensigns of his authority are his name; asserting his authority and power, warning the most powerful princes to submit, or they must fall before him. The powers of earth and hell make their utmost effort. These verses declare important events, foretold by the prophets. These persons were not excused because they did what their leaders bade them. How vain will be the plea of many sinners at the great day! We followed our guides; we did as we saw others do! God has given a rule to walk by, in his word; neither the example of the most, nor of the chief, must influence us contrary thereto: if we do as the most do, we must go where the most go, even into the burning lake.
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