Psalm 45:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.

New Living Translation
You love justice and hate evil. Therefore God, your God, has anointed you, pouring out the oil of joy on you more than on anyone else.

English Standard Version
you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness. Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions;

New American Standard Bible
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows.

King James Bible
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of joy more than your companions.

International Standard Version
You love justice and hate wickedness. That is why God, even your God, has anointed you rather than your companions with the oil of gladness.

NET Bible
You love justice and hate evil. For this reason God, your God has anointed you with the oil of joy, elevating you above your companions.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You have loved righteousness and you have hated evil; because of this, oh, God, your God has anointed you with the oil of a joy greater than that of your companions.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You have loved what is right and hated what is wrong. That is why God, your God, has anointed you, rather than your companions, with the oil of joy.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness; therefore God, thy God, has anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

King James 2000 Bible
You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

American King James Version
You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

American Standard Version
Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness: Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee With the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast loved justice, and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness; therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy companions.

English Revised Version
Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

World English Bible
You have loved righteousness, and hated wickedness. Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast loved righteousness and hatest wickedness, Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee, Oil of joy above thy companions.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

45:6-9 The throne of this almighty King is established for ever. While the Holy Spirit leads Christ's people to look to his cross, he teaches them to see the evil of sin and the beauty of holiness; so that none of them can feel encouragement to continue in sin. The Mediator is God, else he had been neither able to do the Mediator's work, nor fit to wear the Mediator's crown. God the Father, as his God in respect to his human nature and mediatorial offices, has given to him the Holy Spirit without measure. Thus anointed to be a Prophet, Priest, and King, Christ has pre-eminence in the gladdening gifts and graces of the spirit, and from his fulness communicates them to his brethren in human nature. The Spirit is called the oil of gladness, because of the delight wherewith Christ was filled, in carrying on his undertakings. The salvation of sinners is the joy of angels, much more of the Son. And in proportion as we are conformed to his holy image, we may expect the gladdening gifts influences of the Comforter. The excellences of the Messiah, the suitableness of his offices, and the sufficiency of his grace, seem to be intended by the fragrance of his garments. The church formed of true believers, is here compared to the queen, whom, by an everlasting covenant, the Lord Jesus has betrothed to himself. This is the bride, the Lamb's wife, whose graces are compared to fine linen, for their purity; to gold, for their costliness: for as we owe our redemption, so we owe our adorning, to the precious blood of the Son of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness, therefore, etc. God will only commit rule and authority over his Church to one who will rule justly - one who loves righteousness and hates iniquity. Messiah is alone perfect in righteousness, and therefore entitled to rule. Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. Some moderns translate, "Therefore, O God, thy God hath anointed thee," etc.; but the rendering of the Authorized Version is maintained by Dr. Kay, Professor Alexander, and our Revisers. The anointing intended is that outpouring of glory and blessedness on Messiah which followed upon his voluntary humiliation and suffering (comp. Philippians 2:9; Hebrews 2:9).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou lovest righteousness,.... Either righteous persons, whom his countenance beholds, on whom his eyes are, and from whom they are never withdrawn, and with whom he is exceedingly delighted: or righteous things; a righteous administration of government; faithfulness and integrity in whatsoever he is intrusted with, or appointed to by his father; all righteous actions which the law requires, as appeared in the whole course of his life; and by working out a righteousness for his people, and by encouraging them in works of righteousness; and as also will appear by judging the world in righteousness at the last day, and by giving the crown of righteousness to his righteous ones;

and hatest wickedness; which was manifest not only by his inveighing against it and dehorting from it, and by his severity exercised towards delinquents; but by suffering for it, and abolishing it, and by chastising his own people on account of it;

therefore God, thy God; or "because (g) God", thy God; who is the God of Christ, as Christ is man; who prepared and formed his human nature, supported it in suffering, and glorified it, and to whom Christ prayed, and whom he believed in, loved, and obeyed as such:

hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows; who though he is called God, Psalm 45:6, and is truly so, yet was not anointed as such, but as man and Mediator, to the office of Prophet, Priest, and King; and not with material oil, but with the Holy Ghost, his gifts and graces; see Acts 10:38; called "the oil of gladness", in allusion to the use of oil at feasts and weddings, for the delight and refreshment of guests, and particularly of the oil of lilies, "olcum susinum", so some (h) translate it; well known to the Hebrews, who inhabited Syria and Palestine, where red lilies grew, of which this was made, and had in great esteem; and because of its effects in the human nature of Christ, filling it with alacrity and cheerfulness to go through the work he came about. This unction rotors to the time of his conception and birth, and also to the time of his baptism; and the phrase, "above thy fellows", denotes the abundance of the Spirit's grace, his having it without measure, and in a transcendent manner to any of the sons of men, even his own people; for these, and not angels, nor the princes of the earth, are meant, neither of which are his fellows; but the saints, who are of the same nature with him, of the same family he is the head of, of the same dignity through him, being made kings and priests by him, partakers of the same Spirit and grace; and will be companions with him, and sit on the same throne with him to all eternity. The Targum, in the king of Spain's Bible, begins the verse thus;

"But thou, O King Messiah, because thou lovest, &c.''

(g) "propterea quod", Tigurine version, Vatablus, Piscator, Gejerus; "quia", Rivet. Noldius, p. 727, No. 1730. (h) Vid. Schacchi Elaeochrism, l. 1. c. 27. & 28.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

7. As in Ps 45:6 the divine nature is made prominent, here the moral qualities of the human are alleged as the reason or ground of the mediatorial exultation. Some render "O God, thy God," instead of

God, thy God—but the latter is sustained by the same form (Ps 50:7), and it was only of His human nature that the anointing could be predicated (compare Isa 61:3).

oil of gladness—or token of gladness, as used in feasts and other times of solemn joy (compare 1Ki 1:39, 40).

fellows—other kings.

Psalm 45:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
Your Throne is Forever
6Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 7You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows. 8All Your garments are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made You glad.…
Cross References
Hebrews 1:9
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy."

Psalm 2:2
The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the LORD and against his anointed, saying,

Psalm 5:5
The arrogant cannot stand in your presence. You hate all who do wrong;

Psalm 11:7
For the LORD is righteous, he loves justice; the upright will see his face.

Psalm 33:5
The LORD loves righteousness and justice; the earth is full of his unfailing love.

Psalm 92:10
You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; fine oils have been poured on me.

Isaiah 61:3
and provide for those who grieve in Zion-- to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair. They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor.
Treasury of Scripture

You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

Thou

Psalm 33:5 He loves righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness …

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, …

Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said to him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus …

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, …

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, …

hatest

Psalm 101:3,4,8 I will set no wicked thing before my eyes: I hate the work of them …

Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess to them, I never knew you: depart from me, …

Luke 13:27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not from where you are; …

Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defiles, …

God. or, O God
thy God

Psalm 89:26 He shall cry to me, You are my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

John 20:17 Jesus said to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my …

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed …

hath

Psalm 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Leviticus 8:12 And he poured of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed …

1 Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the middle …

1 Kings 1:39,40 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and …

1 Kings 19:16 And Jehu the son of Nimshi shall you anoint to be king over Israel…

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

Luke 3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove on him, …

Luke 4:18-21 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach …

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not …

oil

Psalm 21:6 For you have made him most blessed for ever: you have made him exceeding …

1 Kings 1:39 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and …

Acts 2:28 You have made known to me the ways of life; you shall make me full …

above

John 1:16 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace.

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed …

Colossians 1:18,19 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, …

Hebrews 2:14 For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, …

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