Psalm 45:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad.

New Living Translation
Myrrh, aloes, and cassia perfume your robes. In ivory palaces the music of strings entertains you.

English Standard Version
your robes are all fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia. From ivory palaces stringed instruments make you glad;

New American Standard Bible
All Your garments are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made You glad.

King James Bible
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Myrrh, aloes, and cassia perfume all your garments; from ivory palaces harps bring you joy.

International Standard Version
All your clothes are scented with myrrh, aloes, and cassia. From ivory palaces stringed instruments have made you glad.

NET Bible
All your garments are perfumed with myrrh, aloes, and cassia. From the luxurious palaces comes the music of stringed instruments that makes you happy.

New Heart English Bible
All your garments smell like myrrh and aloes and cassia. Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made you glad.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Myrrh and Cassia and Storax make all your garments fragrant from The Excellent Temple, and from my presence they have gladdened you!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All your robes are [fragrant] with myrrh, aloes, and cassia. From ivory palaces the music of stringed instruments delights you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Myrrh, and aloes, and cassia are all thy garments; Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made thee glad.

New American Standard 1977
All Thy garments are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia;
            Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made Thee glad.

Jubilee Bible 2000
All thy garments smell of myrrh and aloes and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made thee glad.

King James 2000 Bible
All your garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made you glad.

American King James Version
All your garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made you glad.

American Standard Version
All thy garments'smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia; Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made thee glad.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Myrrh and stacte and cassia perfume thy garments, from the ivory houses: out of which

Darby Bible Translation
Myrrh and aloes, cassia, are all thy garments; out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made thee glad.

English Revised Version
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia; out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made thee glad.

Webster's Bible Translation
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made thee glad.

World English Bible
All your garments smell like myrrh, aloes, and cassia. Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made you glad.

Young's Literal Translation
Myrrh and aloes, cassia! all thy garments, Out of palaces of ivory Stringed instruments have made thee glad.
Study Bible
Your Throne is Forever
7You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows. 8All Your garments are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made You glad. 9Kings' daughters are among Your noble ladies; At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir.…
Cross References
John 19:39
Nicodemus, who had previously come to Jesus at night, also brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.

Numbers 24:6
"Like valleys that stretch out, Like gardens beside the river, Like aloes planted by the LORD, Like cedars beside the waters.

1 Kings 10:18
Moreover, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with refined gold.

Psalm 150:4
Praise Him with timbrel and dancing; Praise Him with stringed instruments and pipe.

Proverbs 7:17
"I have sprinkled my bed With myrrh, aloes and cinnamon.

Song of Solomon 1:13
"My beloved is to me a pouch of myrrh Which lies all night between my breasts.

Song of Solomon 4:14
Nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all the trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, along with all the finest spices.

Amos 3:15
"I will also smite the winter house together with the summer house; The houses of ivory will also perish And the great houses will come to an end," Declares the LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

All your garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made you glad.

All

Songs 1:3,13 Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment …

Songs 3:6 Who is this that comes out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, …

Songs 4:6,13,14 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to …

Songs 5:1,5,13 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my …

Matthew 2:11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child …

John 19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by …

2 Corinthians 2:14-16 Now thanks be to God, which always causes us to triumph in Christ, …

cassia

Exodus 30:23,24 Take you also to you principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred …

ivory

Psalm 45:15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter …

1 Kings 22:39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the ivory …

Amos 3:15 And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the …

John 14:2 In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would …

whereby

Psalm 16:11 You will show me the path of life: in your presence is fullness of …

Hebrews 12:2 Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the …

(8) All thy garments smell of . . .--Or, perhaps, from the last verse (and comparing Psalm 133:2, and the customs there referred to), are anointed with. The spices mentioned may have been ingredients of the "oil of gladness."

Myrrh . . . cassia.--These spices formed part of the sacred oil described Exodus 30:23-24. On the other hand, for the custom of perfuming clothes, beds, &c, comp. Song of Solomon 5:5; Proverbs 7:17.

For myrrh see Genesis 37:25.

Aloes.--Heb. ah?lth (sometimes ah?lm), a word formed from the native name aghil (Cochin China and Siam are its homes), which also appears in eagle-wood (Aquilaria agallochum). The lign aloes of Numbers 24:6, was most probably a different tree from that whose resin forms the precious perfume here mentioned. (See Bib. Ed. i. 243.)

Cassia.--See Note Exodus 30:24.

The Oriental's love for these mixtures of many fragrant spices has been finely caught in some modern lines.

"Heap cassia, sandal-buds, and stripes

Of labdanum, and aloe-balls,

Smeared with dull nard an Indian wipes

From out her hair, such balsam falls

From seaside mountain pedestals,

From tree-tops where tired winds are fain--

Spent with the vast and howling main--

To treasure half their island gain."

R. BROWNING: Paracelsus.

Out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.--Rather, out of the ivory palaces music (literally, strings) has made thee glad.

Of the many conjectured explanations this, though somewhat grammatically doubtful, is in all other respects preferable. Indeed, it would have been strange if a nuptial ode, giving a picture of the splendour and pomp accompanying the marriage, had missed the mention of music, and at this verse we may imagine the doors of the palace thrown open for the issue of the bridal train (comp. the procession immediately after the bath in the weddings in the Arabian Nights), not only allowing the strains of music to float out, but also giving a glimpse into the interior, where, surrounded by her train of ladies, the queen-bride stands.

The word rendered "palace" (generally "temple,") may from its derivation be only a spacious place, and so a receptacle. On the other hand, Amos 3:15 shows that ivory was frequently used as an ornament of the houses of the rich, and Ahab's "ivory house" (1Kings 22:39) is familiar.

Verse 8. - All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia; literally, myrrh and aloes [and] cassia are thy garments. The "and" before "cassia" appears in four manuscripts, and in all the ancient versions. The garments are so impregnated with spices as to seem made of them. Out of the ivory palaces. "Ivory palaces" are mentioned in 1 Kings 22:39 and Amos 3:15. We must understand "palaces adorned with ivory." Whereby they have made thee glad. So Hengstenberg, Kay, Professor Alexander, and others. But most moderns render, "Out of the ivory palaces stringed instruments have made thee glad." All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia,.... Either his human nature, as anointed with the oil of gladness, and filled with the graces of the Spirit, signified by the holy anointing oil in the tabernacle, of which the things mentioned were ingredients, Exodus 30:23; or the garments of salvation and robe of righteousness, wrought out by him for his people, which are well pleasing and acceptable to his Father, and of a sweet smelling savour, being agreeable to his law and justice; and also to himself, as they are put upon his people; see Sol 4:11. And likewise to them who rejoice at being clothed with them, and desire to be found in them: or else his people themselves, who are sometimes compared to a clothing and to garments, Isaiah 49:18; whose persons are to God as the smell of a field, whom the Lord has blessed; and whose sacrifices of prayer and praise are sweet odours to him, through the mediation of his Son;

out of the ivory palaces; see Sol 7:4; meaning the places from whence these garments were taken, the wardrobe; or from whence Christ came, and where he appears; as heaven, the palace of the great King, from whence he came down, whither he is gone, and from whence he is expected again; and the human nature of Christ, in which he tabernacled on earth, and was pure and clear from sin; and his churches, which are his temples and palaces, where he grants his presence. Or it may be rendered, "more than the ivory palaces" (i), and so be expressive of the excellency of Christ's garments above them; and denote the purity of his human nature, the spotlessness of his righteousness, and the comeliness of his people;

whereby they have made thee glad; or, "wherein" or "from whence" (k); in which palaces, the churches, the saints make Christ glad, by speaking of his glory; by ascribing glory to him; and by the exercise of grace upon him, with which his heart is ravished, Sol 4:9. Or "for which" (l); garments of salvation, and robe of righteousness; they being clothed with them, and rejoicing in them, cause joy and gladness in Christ: or "more than they", or "theirs that make thee glad" (m); meaning his fellows and their garments, his being more odorous than theirs.

(i) "prae palatiis eburneis", Cocceius, Gejerus. (k) "unde", Montanus, Musculus, Muis, Noldius, p. 629, No. 1664. (l) "Propter quod", Muis. (m) "Prae iis", Junius & Tremellius; "magis quam eorum", Piscator; so Ainsworth. 8. The king thus inaugurated is now presented as a bridegroom, who appears in garments richly perfumed, brought out from

ivory palaces—His royal residence; by which, as indications of the happy bridal occasion, He has been gladdened.45:6-9 The throne of this almighty King is established for ever. While the Holy Spirit leads Christ's people to look to his cross, he teaches them to see the evil of sin and the beauty of holiness; so that none of them can feel encouragement to continue in sin. The Mediator is God, else he had been neither able to do the Mediator's work, nor fit to wear the Mediator's crown. God the Father, as his God in respect to his human nature and mediatorial offices, has given to him the Holy Spirit without measure. Thus anointed to be a Prophet, Priest, and King, Christ has pre-eminence in the gladdening gifts and graces of the spirit, and from his fulness communicates them to his brethren in human nature. The Spirit is called the oil of gladness, because of the delight wherewith Christ was filled, in carrying on his undertakings. The salvation of sinners is the joy of angels, much more of the Son. And in proportion as we are conformed to his holy image, we may expect the gladdening gifts influences of the Comforter. The excellences of the Messiah, the suitableness of his offices, and the sufficiency of his grace, seem to be intended by the fragrance of his garments. The church formed of true believers, is here compared to the queen, whom, by an everlasting covenant, the Lord Jesus has betrothed to himself. This is the bride, the Lamb's wife, whose graces are compared to fine linen, for their purity; to gold, for their costliness: for as we owe our redemption, so we owe our adorning, to the precious blood of the Son of God.
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