Numbers 24:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Like valleys they spread out, like gardens beside a river, like aloes planted by the LORD, like cedars beside the waters.

New Living Translation
They spread before me like palm groves, like gardens by the riverside. They are like tall trees planted by the LORD, like cedars beside the waters.

English Standard Version
Like palm groves that stretch afar, like gardens beside a river, like aloes that the LORD has planted, like cedar trees beside the waters.

New American Standard Bible
"Like valleys that stretch out, Like gardens beside the river, Like aloes planted by the LORD, Like cedars beside the waters.

King James Bible
As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD hath planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They stretch out like river valleys, like gardens beside a stream, like aloes the LORD has planted, like cedars beside the water.

International Standard Version
They're spread out like valleys, like gardens along river banks, like aloe planted by the LORD, or like cedars beside water.

NET Bible
They are like valleys stretched forth, like gardens by the river's side, like aloes that the LORD has planted, and like cedar trees beside the waters.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your tents spread out like rivers, like gardens by a river, like aloes planted by the LORD, like cedars by the water.

Jubilee Bible 2000
As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD has planted, and as cedars beside the waters.

King James 2000 Bible
As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as aloes which the LORD has planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters.

American King James Version
As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD has planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters.

American Standard Version
As valleys are they spread forth, As gardens by the river-side, As lign-aloes which Jehovah hath planted, As cedar-trees beside the waters.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As woody valleys, as watered gardens near the rivers, as tabernacles which the Lord hath pitched, as cedars by the waterside.

Darby Bible Translation
Like valleys are they spread forth, like gardens by the river side, Like aloe-trees which Jehovah hath planted, like cedars beside the waters.

English Revised Version
As valleys are they spread forth, As gardens by the river side, As lign-aloes which the LORD hath planted, As cedar trees beside the waters.

Webster's Bible Translation
As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as the trees of lign-aloes which the LORD hath planted, and as cedar-trees beside the waters.

World English Bible
As valleys they are spread forth, as gardens by the riverside, as aloes which Yahweh has planted, as cedar trees beside the waters.

Young's Literal Translation
As valleys they have been stretched out, As gardens by a river; As aloes Jehovah hath planted, As cedars by waters;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

24:1-9 Now Balaam spake not his own sense, but the language of the Spirit that came upon him. Many have their eyes open who have not their hearts open; are enlightened, but not sanctified. That knowledge which puffs men up with pride, will but serve to light them to hell, whither many go with their eyes open. The blessing is nearly the same as those given before. He admires in Israel, their beauty. The righteous, doubtless, is more excellent than his neighbour. Their fruitfulness and increase. Their honour and advancement. Their power and victory. He looks back upon what had been done for them. Their power and victory. He looks back upon what had been done for them. Their courage and security. The righteous are bold as a lion, not when assaulting others, but when at rest, because God maketh them to dwell in safety. Their influence upon their neighbours. God takes what is done to them, whether good or evil, as done to himself.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - As the valleys, or, "as the torrents" (נְחָלִים), which pour down in parallel courses from the upper slopes. As gardens by the river's side. The river (נָהָר), as in Numbers 22:5) means the Euphrates. Balaam combines the pleasant imagery of his own cultivated land with that of the wilder scene amidst which he now stood. As the trees of lign aloes. אָהָלִים. Aloe trees, such as grew in the further east, where Balaam had perhaps seen them. Which the Lord hath planted, or, "the Lord's planting," a poetical way of describing their beauty and rarity (cf. Psalm 1:3; Psalm 104:16).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

As the valleys are they spread forth,.... Long and broad, lying between several mountains, and reaching from hill to hill; so the armies of Israel lay encamped in the plains and villages of Moab, making a very considerable length and breadth; the camp of Israel is said to be twelve miles long, and twelve miles broad; so the Targum on Numbers 2:3 and this may denote the lowness of the saints and people of God in their own eyes, and their largeness in themselves; and especially when the place of their tents shall be enlarged, and the curtains of their habitations be stretched forth in the latter day; and also their fruitfulness, meads, and valleys abounding with herbs and flowers, as the churches of God do with the fruits of the Spirit, grace, and righteousness, and with plants of the Lord's right hand planting. Some render it as brooks and torrents of water, so the Targum of Jonathan; which diffuse and spread themselves, and on the banks of which stand beautiful trees in goodly order:

as gardens by the river's side: laid out in a delightful manner, full of flowers, plants, and trees, and well watered; like to these, in several spots, were the people of Israel formed into several camps; and to these may the churches of God be compared, who are distinguished and enclosed by sovereign grace, full of trees of righteousness of the Lord's planting, watered by the river of divine love, and from Christ the fountain of gardens; see Sol 4:12,

as the trees of lign aloes, which the Lord hath planted: which are not planted and raised by the art and industry of man, but grow up without culture, as the mere produce of nature, under a divine providence; these are called lign wood or tree aloes, to distinguish them from another sort of aloes, which are no other than plants; but these are what the Indians call Calambra or Calembac, and, physicians Xyloaloes and Agallochium, and are of a very aromatic and fragrant scent. This tree is said to be about eight or ten feet high; at the head of it is a large bunch of leaves, which are thick and indented, broad at bottom, but growing narrower towards the point, and about four feet in length; the blossom of it is red, intermixed with yellow, and double like a pink; from this blossom comes fruit, round like a large pea, white and red; the juice of these leaves is drawn out by cutting them with a knife, and received into bottles; the smell of the wood is exquisite (w). P. Martyr (x) speaks of a trunk of lign aloes, which being cut, a sweet savour proceeds from it. It may be observed what Isidore (y) remarks, that it grows in Arabia, as well as in India, and so might be well known to Balaam. And to these the Israel of God may be compared for their fragrancy, being clothed with the righteousness of Christ, all whose garments smell of or like these aloes, Psalm 45:8 and having the graces of the Spirit of God in them, the smell of which is preferable to all spices, and they themselves are signified by the same, Sol 4:10,

and as cedar trees beside the waters; which are tall and high, large and spreading, durable lasting, to which the righteous are compared; see Gill on Psalm 92:12.

(w) See Calmet's Dictionary, and the Supplement to Chamber's Dictionary, in the word "Aloes". (x) Decad. 1. l. 2.((y) Origin. l. 17. c. 8.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. As the valleys—Hebrew, "brooks," the watercourses of the mountains.

lign aloes—an aromatic shrub on the banks of his native Euphrates, the conical form of which suggested an apt resemblance to a tent. The redundant imagery of these verses depicts the humble origin, rapid progress, and prosperity of Israel.

Numbers 24:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
Balaam's Third Oracle
5How fair are your tents, O Jacob, Your dwellings, O Israel! 6"Like valleys that stretch out, Like gardens beside the river, Like aloes planted by the LORD, Like cedars beside the waters. 7"Water will flow from his buckets, And his seed will be by many waters, And his king shall be higher than Agag, And his kingdom shall be exalted.…
Cross References
Numbers 24:5
"How beautiful are your tents, Jacob, your dwelling places, Israel!

Psalm 1:3
That person is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither-- whatever they do prospers.

Psalm 45:8
All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad.

Psalm 92:12
The righteous will flourish like a palm tree, they will grow like a cedar of Lebanon;
Treasury of Scripture

As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD has planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters.

pour

Psalm 68:26 Bless you God in the congregations, even the Lord, from the fountain of Israel.

Proverbs 5:16-18 Let your fountains be dispersed abroad, and rivers of waters in the streets…

Isaiah 48:1 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of …

many waters

Psalm 93:3,4 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their …

Jeremiah 51:13 O you that dwell on many waters, abundant in treasures, your end …

Revelation 17:1,15 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, …

his king

Ezra 4:20 There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, which have ruled …

Psalm 2:6-10 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion…

Psalm 18:43 You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; and you have …

John 1:49 Nathanael answered and said to him, Rabbi, you are the Son of God; …

Philippians 2:10,11 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, …

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING …

Agag

1 Samuel 15:8,9,32,33 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed …

his kingdom

2 Samuel 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, …

1 Kings 4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river to the land …

1 Chronicles 14:2 And David perceived that the LORD had confirmed him king over Israel, …

Isaiah 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of …

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, …

Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, …

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

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