Jeremiah 51:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You who live by many waters and are rich in treasures, your end has come, the time for you to be destroyed.

New Living Translation
You are a city by a great river, a great center of commerce, but your end has come. The thread of your life is cut.

English Standard Version
O you who dwell by many waters, rich in treasures, your end has come; the thread of your life is cut.

New American Standard Bible
O you who dwell by many waters, Abundant in treasures, Your end has come, The measure of your end.

King James Bible
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You who reside by many waters, rich in treasures, your end has come, your life thread is cut.

International Standard Version
You who live beside many waters, rich in treasures, your end has come, your life thread is cut.

NET Bible
"You who live along the rivers of Babylon, the time of your end has come. You who are rich in plundered treasure, it is time for your lives to be cut off.

New Heart English Bible
You who dwell on many waters, abundant in treasures, your end has come, the measure of your covetousness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Babylon, you live beside many rivers and are rich with treasures, but your end has come. The thread of your life has been cut off.

JPS Tanakh 1917
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, Abundant in treasures, Thine end is come, The measure of thy covetousness.

New American Standard 1977
O you who dwell by many waters,
            Abundant in treasures,
            Your end has come,
            The measure of your end.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O thou that dwellest among many waters, rich in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy covetousness.

King James 2000 Bible
O you that dwell by many waters, abundant in treasures, your end has come, and the measure of your covetousness.

American King James Version
O you that dwell on many waters, abundant in treasures, your end is come, and the measure of your covetousness.

American Standard Version
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy covetousness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, rich in treasures, thy end is come for thy entire destruction.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy rapacity.

English Revised Version
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy covetousness.

Webster's Bible Translation
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thy end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.

World English Bible
You who dwell on many waters, abundant in treasures, your end has come, the measure of your covetousness.

Young's Literal Translation
O dweller on many waters, abundant in treasures, Come in hath thine end, the measure of thy dishonest gain.
Study Bible
Severe Judgment against Babylon
12Lift up a signal against the walls of Babylon; Post a strong guard, Station sentries, Place men in ambush! For the LORD has both purposed and performed What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon. 13O you who dwell by many waters, Abundant in treasures, Your end has come, The measure of your end. 14The LORD of hosts has sworn by Himself: "Surely I will fill you with a population like locusts, And they will cry out with shouts of victory over you."…
Cross References
Revelation 17:1
Then one of the seven angels with the seven bowls came and told me, "Come, I will show you the punishment of the great prostitute, who sits on many waters.

Isaiah 43:14
Thus says the LORD your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, "For your sake I have sent to Babylon, And will bring them all down as fugitives, Even the Chaldeans, into the ships in which they rejoice.

Isaiah 45:3
"I will give you the treasures of darkness And hidden wealth of secret places, So that you may know that it is I, The LORD, the God of Israel, who calls you by your name.

Isaiah 57:17
"Because of the iniquity of his unjust gain I was angry and struck him; I hid My face and was angry, And he went on turning away, in the way of his heart.

Habakkuk 2:9
"Woe to him who gets evil gain for his house To put his nest on high, To be delivered from the hand of calamity!
Treasury of Scripture

O you that dwell on many waters, abundant in treasures, your end is come, and the measure of your covetousness.

dwellest

Jeremiah 51:36 Therefore thus said the LORD; Behold, I will plead your cause, and …

Revelation 17:1,15 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, …

abundant

Jeremiah 50:37 A sword is on their horses, and on their chariots, and on all the …

Isaiah 45:3 And I will give you the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches …

Habakkuk 2:5-10 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither …

Revelation 18:11-17 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for …

thine

Jeremiah 17:11 As the partridge sits on eggs, and hatches them not; so he that gets …

Jeremiah 50:27,31 Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe to …

Genesis 6:18 But with you will I establish my covenant; and you shall come into …

Lamentations 4:18 They hunt our steps, that we cannot go in our streets: our end is …

Ezekiel 7:2-12 Also, you son of man, thus said the Lord GOD to the land of Israel; …

Daniel 5:26 This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God has numbered your …

Amos 8:2 And he said, Amos, what see you? And I said, A basket of summer fruit. …

1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be you therefore sober, and …

and the

Habakkuk 2:9-11 Woe to him that covets an evil covetousness to his house, that he …

Luke 12:19-21 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have much goods laid up for …

2 Peter 2:3,14,15 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise …

Jude 1:11-13 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily …

Revelation 18:19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, …

(13) O thou that dwellest upon many waters.--The words find an illustration of singular interest in an inscription of Nebuchadnezzar's given by Oppert (Expd. en Msop. i. p. 231): "I made water to flow all around in this immense dyke of earth. I carried an aqueduct across these great waters that are like unto the depths of the sea." See also Records of the Past, v. 128. The channels which were cut for the waters of the Euphrates seemed at once intended for a line of defence against attack, and for irrigation and navigation. To some extent Babylon, though an inland city, must have presented an appearance like that of Venice or Amsterdam.

The measure of thy covetousness.--The measure is literally "an ell," and for "covetousness" many commentators give the meaning of "that which is cut off," a "piece" or "section." So taken, we may translate the ell-measure of thy portion, the allotted time of prosperity decreed in the Divine counsels. Others, following the Vulgate, "pedalis precisionis tu," give "the ell-measure of thy cutting off," i.e., the appointed time of destruction.

Verse 13. - Babylon is addressed as thou that dwellest upon many waters, with reference, not only to the Euphrates, but to the canals, dykes, and marshes which surrounded the city. The measure of thy covetousness. A strange expression, even when we have supplied (and have we a right to do so?) a suitable verb, such as "is full." "Measure" is, literally, ell, "covetousness" should rather be gain, or spoil. Another possible rendering is, "The ell measure of thy cutting off." In fact, the root meaning of the word rendered "gain," or "covetousness," is "to cut off;" and the figure of cutting off a man's half-finished life, like a web from the loom, is familiar to us from the psalm of Hezekiah (Isaiah 38:12; comp. Job 6:9). O thou that dwellest upon many waters,.... Here Babylon is addressed, either by the Lord, or by the prophet, or the godly Jews; who is described by her, situation, which was by the great river Euphrates; which being branched out into several canals or rivers, both ran through it, and encompassed it; hence mention is made of the rivers of Babylon, Psalm 137:1; and a fit emblem this city was of mystical Babylon, which is also said to sit on many waters, interpreted of people and nations, Revelation 17:1; and which Kimchi here interprets of an affluence of good things, though he admits of the literal sense of the words:

abundant in treasures: of corn, and of the fruits of the earth, and so in condition to hold out a siege, as well as strongly fortified by art and nature, before described; and of gold and silver, the sinews of war, which she had got together, partly by commerce, and partly by the spoil of other nations; and yet neither her situation nor her affluence could secure her from ruin:

thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness; this flourishing city was now near its end, and with it the whole Babylonish monarchy; the time fixed by the Lord, for the duration of one and the other, was now come; and whereas her covetousness was insatiable, and would have known no bounds, for the enlargement of her dominions, and for the accumulation of more wealth and riches; God set a limit to it, beyond which it should not go; which measure was now filled up, and the time for it expired. The Targum is,

"the day of thy destruction is come, and the time of the visitation of thy wickedness,'' 13. waters—(Jer 51:32, 36; see on [1002]Isa 21:1). The Euphrates surrounded the city and, being divided into many channels, formed islands. Compare as to spiritual Babylon "waters," that is, "many peoples," Re 17:1, 15. A large lake also was near Babylon.

measure—literally, "cubit," which was the most common measure, and therefore is used for a measure in general. The time for putting a limit to thy covetousness [Gesenius]. There is no "and" in the Hebrew: translate, "thine end, the retribution for thy covetousness" [Grotius]. Maurer takes the image to be from weaving: "the cubit where thou art to be cut off"; for the web is cut off, when the required number of cubits is completed (Isa 38:12).51:1-58 The particulars of this prophecy are dispersed and interwoven, and the same things left and returned to again. Babylon is abundant in treasures, yet neither her waters nor her wealth shall secure her. Destruction comes when they did not think of it. Wherever we are, in the greatest depths, at the greatest distances, we are to remember the Lord our God; and in the times of the greatest fears and hopes, it is most needful to remember the Lord. The feeling excited by Babylon's fall is the same with the New Testament Babylon, Re 18:9,19. The ruin of all who support idolatry, infidelity, and superstition, is needful for the revival of true godliness; and the threatening prophecies of Scripture yield comfort in this view. The great seat of antichristian tyranny, idolatry, and superstition, the persecutor of true Christians, is as certainly doomed to destruction as ancient Babylon. Then will vast multitudes mourn for sin, and seek the Lord. Then will the lost sheep of the house of Israel be brought back to the fold of the good Shepherd, and stray no more. And the exact fulfilment of these ancient prophecies encourages us to faith in all the promises and prophecies of the sacred Scriptures.
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